What Causes Peptic Ulcers
When you eat, your stomach produces hydrochloric acid and an enzyme called pepsin to digest the food.
- The food is partially digested in the stomach and then moves on to the duodenum to continue the process.
- Peptic ulcers occur when the acid and enzyme overcome the defense mechanisms of the gastrointestinal tract and erode the mucosal wall.
- Now it is understood that people with ulcers have an imbalance between acid and pepsin coupled with the digestive tracts inability to protect itself from these harsh substances.
- Research done in the 1980s showed that some ulcers are caused by infection with a bacterium named Helicobacter pylori, usually called H pylori.
- Not everyone who gets an ulcer is infected with H pylori. Aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can cause ulcers if taken regularly.
Some types of medical therapy can contribute to ulcer formation. The following factors can weaken the protective mucosal barrier of the stomach increasing the chances of getting an ulcer and slow the healing of existing ulcers.
- Aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , and newer anti-inflammatory medications
- Radiation therapy:-used for diseases such as cancer
People who take aspirin or other anti-inflammatory medications are at an increased risk even if they do not have H pylori infection.
Add Probiotics To Your Diet
Probiotics are live organisms that work to ensure the balance of good and bad bacteria in our bodies. Furthermore, the presence of probiotics helps our digestive system maintain its optimum health.
In one study, researchers found out that while probiotics cannot kill H. pylori bacteria, they can still help in managing ulcers because they could:
- Reduce the amount of bacteria present
- Help soothe the symptoms
- Speed up the recovery process
If youre looking for good sources of probiotics, consider regularly consuming foods that have probiotics in them, such as yogurt. Furthermore, you can also consult your doctor for a good probiotic supplement.
Natural Remedies For H Pylori
Fortunately, other alternative therapies with less risk of resistance are available. Researchers OMahoney and associates found that certain herbs can kill the H. pylori bacteria. Listed in order of their effectiveness from greatest to least, turmeric, cumin, ginger, borage, black caraway, oregano, and licorice were all found to exert anti H. pylori activity.2 In addition, turmeric, borage, and parsley were also known to inhibit the adherence of H. pylori to the stomach lining. Apigenin, a flavonoid in chamomile, has also been demonstrated in test tubes to inhibit the growth of H. pylori. In vitro studies have found that garlic, as well, can inhibit the growth of some antibiotic-resistant strains of H. pylori. Even though herbs may be the more desirable method of cure, they do not yet prove always effective in eradicating H. pylori.
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What Are The Symptoms Of A Peptic Ulcer Does It Cause Pain
Ulcers do not always cause symptoms. Sometimes, a serious complication such as bleeding or a sudden, bad upper abdominal pain is the first sign of an ulcer.
The most common symptom of peptic ulcers is abdominal pain.
- The pain is usually in the upper middle part of the abdomen, above the belly button and below the breastbone.
- The ulcer pain can feel like burning, or gnawing, and it may go through to the back.
- Pain often comes several hours after a meal when the stomach is empty.
- The pain is often worse at night and early morning.
- It can last anywhere from a few minutes to several hours.
- The ulcer pain may be relieved by food, antacids, or vomiting.
Other symptoms of peptic ulcers include the following:
- Loss of appetite
Severe ulcers may cause bleeding in the stomach or duodenum. Bleeding is sometimes the only symptom of an ulcer. This bleeding can be fast or slow. Fast bleeding reveals itself in one of the following ways:
- Vomiting of blood or dark material that looks something like coffee grounds: This is an emergency and warrants an immediate visit to an emergency department.
- Blood in the stool or black, tarry, sticky-looking stools
Slow bleeding is often more difficult to detect, because it has no dramatic symptoms.
- The usual result is low blood cell count .
- The symptoms of anemia are tiredness , lack of energy , weakness, rapid heartbeat , and pale skin .
Other Treatments For Stomach Ulcers
Ulcers need to be treated, or they will continue to worsen. Medications are considered the first-line therapy to treat stomach ulcers because they can heal them while lowering the risk of complications like bleeding. Traditional triple therapy for ulcer management includes a proton pump inhibitor, amoxicillin, and Biaxin for seven to 10 days.
Medications for stomach ulcers include:
- Antibiotics are needed to treat H. pylori because it is a type of bacteria. The antibiotic prescription needs to be taken exactly as prescribed, even if you begin to feel better before it is finished.
- Antacids reduce the acid in the stomach, and while they can make you feel better, antacids will not cure an ulcer. Talk with your healthcare provider before taking antacids as they may interact with certain antibiotics.
- Proton pump inhibitors work to reduce stomach acid and protect the lining of the stomach and duodenum. However, they do not treat or cure H. pylori. Common PPIs include Nexium , Prevacid , and Prilosec .
- H-2 blockers block histamine, the chemical that tells your stomach to produce acid. This relieves ulcer pain while protecting it during the healing phase. Examples include Pepcid and Zantac .
- Stomach lining medications coat ulcers and protect them from stomach acid, which allows them to heal. These medications can kill H. pylori but must be used with antibiotics. Examples include Carafate and Pepto-Bismol .
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Ulcers Have The Potential To Form In Virtually Any Part Of The Body Including The Lining Of The Stomach
Home remedies for ulcers inside stomach: Even while there is no treatment for ulcers entirely, there are natural cures that can help alleviate the pain and other symptoms that are associated with having an ulcer. Ulcers of the stomach are open wounds that can form in the lining of the stomach or in the upper portion of the small intestine. Peptic ulcers, commonly known as gastric ulcers, are another name for stomach ulcers.
Some of the following can lead to ulcers:
- An infection with the Helicobacter pylori bacterium
- Long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and ibuprofen.
The symptoms of an ulcer might be made worse by things like stress as well as foods that are particularly spicy. In spite of the fact that they do not directly cause ulcers, they have the potential to make the condition significantly worse by elevating the amount of stomach acid that is produced.
How Common Are Stomach Ulcers
Stomach ulcers are very common in Western countries. In the United States, there are about 4 million cases per year. Some estimates say that 1 in 10 people will have one at some point in their lives. Thats because many of the causes that contribute to stomach ulcers are common in Western life. Fortunately, these causes are usually easy to trace and to reverse, giving ulcers a chance to heal and your stomach lining a chance to repair.
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Is There A Peptic Ulcer Diet Plan
No particular diet is helpful for people with peptic ulcers. At one time, a bland diet and avoidance of spicy or greasy foods was recommended. Milk and dairy food have been used in the past for ulcer symptoms, but have not been proven to be effective. We now know diet has little effect on ulcers. In some people, however, certain foods seem to aggravate stomach ulcer symptoms. Keep a food diary with your intake and the resulting symptoms and avoid eating any foods that aggravate symptoms.
Fast Facts On Stomach Ulcers
- Stomach ulcers are common in the West and easy to treat but can become serious.
- The most common causes are bacteria and use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs .
- The classic symptom of a stomach ulcer is indigestion.
- Treatment for stomach ulcers normally focuses on removing the cause.
The classic symptom of a stomach ulcer is indigestion, also called dyspepsia.
Indigestion causes pain or discomfort in the stomach area. This symptom can be mistaken for heartburn, which can occur at the same time.
Stomach ulcer symptoms tend to be more distinct than heartburn, but symptoms can still be vague.
An ulcer also tends to produce a burning or dull pain in the center of the abdomen. People sometimes describe the pain as a biting or gnawing pain. Some individuals may describe a hungry sensation.
Individuals may also be able to relieve pain by eating, drinking, or taking antacids.
Some stomach ulcers go unnoticed and show no typical indigestion-type pains. These ulcers are less common, and doctors tend them after they have started bleeding.
Some ulcers can cause a hole in the stomach wall. Health experts call this perforation, which is a severe condition.
Stomach ulcer symptoms often change over time and can be difficult to spot.
Dietary changes can help prevent stomach ulcers from developing.
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Types Of Stomach Ulcers
Ulcers can develop in various parts of the GI tract, including the esophagus, stomach and duodenum. Contrary to popular belief, research shows that men develop duodenal ulcers more often than any other kind, including stomach ulcers. On the other hand, the opposite is true for women: They tend to develop more stomach ulcers and fewer ulcers of the duodenal.
Many doctors refer to stomach ulcers simply as peptic ulcers. A few other types of ulcers and names that ulcers sometimes go by include:
Duration Of Peptic Ulcers
Ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori heal when the bacteria is killed. The typical course of treatment includes two weeks of antibiotics along with acid-suppressing medicine. This is followed by an additional four to eight weeks of the acid-suppressing medicine alone.
Its possible for an ulcer to heal temporarily without antibiotics, but it will likely recur or another one will form nearby if the bacteria is not killed.
Peptic ulcers caused by medication usually heal shortly after you stop taking the medication. Doctors typically recommend taking antacids for two to six weeks to assist with healing and relieve pain.
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Howto Ease Stomach Ulcer Pain
Stomach ulcer pain is no joke, and youll do everything you can to alleviate the discomfort and feel better. To get some relief, place vegetables, fruits and whole grains on your stomach ulcer diet menu.
Add foods that contain probiotics, such as yogurt, miso and aged cheeses. Because milk consumption can lead to excess stomach acid production, ask your physician if milk is one of the foods to avoid when you have a stomach ulcer.
Because stress can aggravate your peptic ulcer symptoms, pinpoint ways you can knock down your stress level. Delegate some responsibilities at work or home, treat yourself to some form of daily exercise and spend time with people who are important to you.
Adequate sleep is another stress-fighting tool, and getting some extra rest will also support your immune system. So, turn off your devices , and ensure that youre getting plenty of sleep every night. If you dont nosh on your favorite snack before bedtime, youll set yourself up for a good nights rest.
Ask your physician to recommend a pain reliever that wont trigger stomach ulcer problems. Next, realize that heavy alcohol consumption can erode and irritate your stomachs mucous lining, setting the stage for bleeding and inflammation. Limiting alcohol should considerably reduce that risk.
Health Check Certified By: Dr. Gerald Morris
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Take Your Ulcer Medications Properly
The goodnews, most cases of ulcers can be cured without theneed for surgery since there are now some effective non-surgical medicationsavailable.
And its important to take the medications properly otherwise the disease may fail to heal and cause serious complications such as internal bleeding, digestive tract obstruction, and perforation .
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More Attacks On Gastric Mucosa
In addition to H. pylori and NSAIDs, alcohol, vinegar, many spices, and excess bile salts can damage the gastric mucosal barrier as well. Deficiencies in vitamin A and trace elements of zinc and folic acid also predispose to mucosa damage. An excessive amount of salt encourages H. pylori growth in the stomach as well. Sleep deprivation can worsen the effect of the NSAIDs indomethacin-induced damage in the mucosa. Sleep deprivation also increases gastric acidity, histamine, and gastrin and reduces blood flow to the mucosal barrier.6
Fight The Infection With A Little Cayenne Pepper
Capsaicin in cayenne pepper can help alleviate uneasiness and treat a stomach ulcer naturally. Capsaicin soothes the mucosal lining of the stomach and increases the release of alkali, which helps ease the discomfort and aid in the treatment of ulcers.
A 1997 study published in FEMS Microbiology Letters, found that capsaicin supplementation or consumption inhibited the growth of H. pylori.
According to a review published in Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition in 2006, the compound capsaicin present in cayenne pepper inhibits the secretion of stomach acids, boosts the production of alkali, and stimulates mucus secretions and gastric mucosal blood flow, thereby preventing and healing ulcers.
- Mix a teaspoon of cayenne pepper into 1 glass of warm water. Drink the solution twice a day for 3 days. Gradually increase the amount of cayenne pepper up to ¼ teaspoon for the rest of the week.
- Alternatively, take cayenne capsules that are available at health food stores. Consult your doctor for the right dosage.
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What Are The Symptoms Of A Bleeding Ulcer
Bleeding ulcers dont always cause pain. Sometimes the first signs of a bleeding ulcer are signs of anemia. These include:
- Dizziness or lightheadedness.
You might have a heavier bleed if you notice:
- Blood in your poop, or black poop that resembles tar.
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What Are Stomach Ulcers
Duodenal ulcer, also regarded as gastric ulcer or stomach ulcer, is an ulcerative lesion on the lining of stomach or duodenum . There are painful sores that surface on the stomachs lining. They can have a bad impact on your stomach and the small intestine as well. This problem occurs due to the imbalance of digestive juices. These lesions occur when the lining of the stomach, duodenum, and underlying tissue are exposed. Gastric ulcers occur more than four times in the duodenum.
Stomach ulcers or duodenal ulcers are very common in people of all ages, but the quantity of adult patients outnumbers that of children. Based on different locations of various inflammations and ulcers, there are many kinds of ulcer, such as:
- Meckels diverticulum .
Individuals who are suffering from stomach ulcers may feel aching hunger pangs between their navel and breastbone, and sometimes it may extend towards their back.
What Are Symptoms Of A Stomach Ulcer Pain?
As mentioned above, gastric ulcers occur when the tunica mucosa ventriculi in the stomach get damaged. The lining of the stomach is covered with a layer of mucus to protect it against the acid secreted in the organ during the food digesting process. However, this layer can be damaged due to bacterial infection or some other reasons which lead to excessive acid production. Therefore, the holes may develop in the stomach lining and there are also other symptoms associated with this condition.
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Are The Results Of The Home Remedies For Ulcers Are Permanent
Most of the ulcers are caused by infections in your body. If the harmful bacteria are eliminated from the body that would mean that your ulcer can be cured permanently. However, in case you suffer from infection later, there can be a possibility that you get an ulcer once again.
Summary: No, the results are not permanent since it is caused by infection, it can reoccur again.
Can Peptic Ulcers Be Prevented
Doctors arent sure how H. pylori bacteria spread from person to person. The bacteria have been found in saliva , so kissing may be one way. They also may spread through food, water, or contact with vomit thats infected with the bacteria.
Regular use of NSAIDs can cause gastrointestinal problems and bleeding in some people. Acetaminophen does not cause stomach ulcers and is a good alternative to NSAIDs.
As with many infections, washing your hands well and often is an important part of ulcer prevention. This is extra important after you use the bathroom and before you eat. And take good care of your body by exercising regularly and not smoking or drinking.
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When Should I Call My Healthcare Provider
See your healthcare provider right away if you have any of these symptoms:
- Vomiting blood or dark material that looks like coffee grounds
- Extreme weakness or dizziness
- Nausea or vomiting that doesnt get better, or gets worse
- A sudden, severe pain that may spread to your back
- Losing weight without even trying
Untreated peptic ulcers may cause other health problems. Sometimes they bleed. If they become too deep, they can break through your stomach.
Ulcers can also keep food from going through your stomach.