Types Of Stomach Ulcers
Ulcers can develop in various parts of the GI tract, including the esophagus, stomach and duodenum. Contrary to popular belief, research shows that men develop duodenal ulcers more often than any other kind, including stomach ulcers. On the other hand, the opposite is true for women: They tend to develop more stomach ulcers and fewer ulcers of the duodenal.
Many doctors refer to stomach ulcers simply as peptic ulcers. A few other types of ulcers and names that ulcers sometimes go by include:
How Soon After Treatment Will I Feel Better
If you take all medicines as prescribed and avoid irritating the ulcer with NSAIDs, alcohol or smoking, your ulcer should heal well within a few weeks. Surgical cases may take a few weeks more. Your healthcare provider will follow up with you at the end of your course of medication to make sure the ulcer has healed and any infection has cleared. They will probably take follow-up tests, including an upper endoscopy to look at the site of the ulcer and tests for H. pylori, if you had it, to make sure the infection is gone.
Stomach Ulcer Remedies: 10 Ways To Heal And Reduce Inflammation
An ulcer is a kind of erosion or open sore on the surface of an organ or tissue. Ulcers generally occur in the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum and are known as peptic ulcers.
Types of Peptic Ulcers
- Gastric ulcer: A peptic ulcer in the stomach is called a gastric ulcer.
- Duodenal ulcer: A duodenal ulcer is a type of peptic ulcer that develops in the first part of the small intestine .
- Esophageal ulcer: An esophageal ulcer develops in the lower part of the esophagus.
A peptic ulcer is among the most common forms of stomach disease. About 4 million Americans suffer from this condition every year.
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What Tests Diagnose A Peptic Ulcer
To confirm a person has an ulcer a diagnostic imaging test will usually be ordered. The two most widely used tests are:
- Upper GI series : This is a type of X-ray. The patient is given a chalky liquid to drink that increases the contrast on the X-ray, making certain features easier to see. Because this liquid contains barium, this test is sometimes called a barium swallow.
- Endoscopy : An endoscope is a thin, flexible tube with a tiny camera at the end. The patient is given a mild sedative, and then the tube is passed through the mouth into the stomach. The doctor can see the lining of the stomach to diagnose a peptic ulcer. Tiny samples of the tissue will be taken , which are examined under a microscope.
If a diagnostic imaging test reveals an ulcer, the patient will most likely have a test to see if H pylori bacteria are present.
- It is important to be certain about this, because treatment of the H pylori is likely to heal the ulcer.
- Ulcers caused by H pylori are treated differently than ulcers caused by medications.
Three types of tests are available to detect H pylori.
Is There A Peptic Ulcer Diet Plan
No particular diet is helpful for people with peptic ulcers. At one time, a bland diet and avoidance of spicy or greasy foods was recommended. Milk and dairy food have been used in the past for ulcer symptoms, but have not been proven to be effective. We now know diet has little effect on ulcers. In some people, however, certain foods seem to aggravate stomach ulcer symptoms. Keep a food diary with your intake and the resulting symptoms and avoid eating any foods that aggravate symptoms.
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What Triggers Stomach Ulcer Symptoms
Stomach ulcers are irritated by stomach acid. Some people notice this irritation more after they eat, and some people notice it more on an empty stomach. There are also certain irritants that seem to make ulcer symptoms worse and make them more difficult to heal. Smoking and alcohol are the biggest ones.
Causes Of Stomach Ulcer
Stomach ulcers occur when the lining of the stomach or upper intestine gets irritated by the harmful effects of stomach acid. This can be due to a number of reasons, such as:
- An infection caused by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori
- Excessive use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- Drinking too much alcohol
- Radiation therapy
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Gastroenterologists In Austin Texas
If you suffer from stomach ulcers, reach out to us at Austin Gastroenterology by calling the location nearest you or request an appointment online now.
We offer a wide variety of GI services and treat various disorders of the upper and lower digestive tract. Our goal is to provide you relief so you can go back to living your life without bothersome stomach pain.
What Are The Risks For People With Ulcers
Why do painkillers increase the risk of gastrointestinal problems? The same chemicals that amplify pain — which some pain medicines block — also help maintain the protective lining of the stomach and intestines. When a painkiller stops these chemicals from working, the digestive tract becomes more vulnerable to damage from gastric acids.
For people with ulcers, the risky pain relievers are nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, or NSAIDs. They include aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen sodium, and ketoprofen, the active ingredients in medicines such as Bufferin, Advil, and Aleve.
Other pain relievers may be less dangerous. Acetaminophen — the active ingredient in Tylenol — works differently and poses a much lower risk of GI problems. However, like any drug, it does have side effects of its own. You shouldn’t take any over-the-counter painkiller for more than 10 days without your health care provider’s approval.
The risks from NSAIDs are quite serious. Studies show that people who use NSAIDs are about three times as likely to have gastrointestinal bleeding. Even at low doses, NSAIDs can make mild ulcers much worse.
Aspirin has additional risks. “Aspirin can help prevent blood clotting, which is why it helps people at risk of heart attacks and strokes,” says Cryer. “But in people with ulcers, it can lead to more serious gastrointestinal bleeding.”
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What Natural Home Remedies Help Peptic Ulcer Pain
Home care for peptic ulcers often centers on neutralizing the stomach acid.
- Don’t smoke, and avoid coffee and alcohol. These habits increase gastric acid production and weaken the mucosal barrier of the GI tract promoting ulcer formation and slowing ulcer healing.
- Don’t take aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications. Acetaminophen is a good substitute for some conditions. If acetaminophen doesn’t help, talk to your health-care professional about alternatives.
- If your symptoms are mild, try an over-the-counter antacid or nonprescription histamine blocker to neutralize stomach acid. Usually stronger prescription medications are needed.
The Pros And Cons Of Pain Relief Drugs
Hereâs a rundown of the benefits and risks of some popular pain medications. It should help simplify your choices when youâre in the drugstore.
Keep in mind that you shouldnât use any over-the-counter painkiller on a regular basis. If youâre in that much pain, you need to talk with your doctor.
ACETAMINOPHENTylenol, Panadol, Tempra
- How it works. Acetaminophen is not an NSAID. Experts arenât actually sure how it works, but it seems to affect chemicals that increase the feeling of pain.
- Benefits. Acetaminophen reduces pain and lowers fevers. Unlike aspirin and other NSAIDS, acetaminophen is believed to be safe for people with ulcers. It doesnât affect the natural lining of the stomach. Since it doesnât thin the blood, it doesnât increase the risk of bleeding either. It is safe for women who are pregnant and nursing.
- Side effects and risks. Experts say that acetaminophen is safe for people with ulcers. But like any drug, it can cause other side effects. Very high doses of acetaminophen â well over the recommended maximum of 4,000 mg/day â can cause serious liver damage. Long-term use of acetaminophen in high doses â especially when combined with caffeine or codeine can cause kidney disease.
Acetaminophen doesnât reduce swelling, like aspirin and other NSAIDs do. It may be less helpful for treating pain thatâs caused by inflammation, such as some types of arthritis.
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Can Peptic Ulcers Be Prevented
Regular use of NSAIDs can cause gastrointestinal problems and bleeding in some children. Acetaminophen does not cause stomach ulcers and is a good alternative to NSAIDs for most childhood conditions.
Alcohol and smoking can make an ulcer more likely. Help your child avoid coffee, tea, sodas, and foods that contain caffeine, which can increase acid in the stomach and may make an ulcer worse.
What Is A Stomach Ulcer
Stomach ulcer, also known as peptic ulcer, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, is an open ulcerated erosion on the gastrointestinal tract or on the upper part of the small intestines. Ulcer develops when the acidic content from the digested food damages the gastrointestinal tract or the intestinal walls. The hydrochloric acid present in the digestive fluids and the enzyme pepsin in the stomach damage the gastrointestinal tract, thereby causing stomach ulcers.
While ulcer developed in the stomach is known as gastric ulcer, the one developed in the duodenum is known as duodenal ulcer. And both these ulcers are together referred as peptic ulcers.
- Long term use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like aspirin, ibuprofen
- Infection caused by bacterium Helicobacter pylori
How to cure stomach ulcers at home?
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What Are The Home Remedies For Gastric Ulcers
Home remedies for gastric ulcers are herbs like turmeric, kutki, myrobalan, aloe vera, ginger, harad, liquorice, tea and Indian gooseberry. Honey may also be effective in relieving gastric ulcers.3-5 You need to consult with a doctor before proceeding with any remedy for stomach ulcers. Gastric ulcers need to be taken seriously and require proper medical care.
Natural Remedies For H Pylori
Fortunately, other alternative therapies with less risk of resistance are available. Researchers OMahoney and associates found that certain herbs can kill the H. pylori bacteria. Listed in order of their effectiveness from greatest to least, turmeric, cumin, ginger, borage, black caraway, oregano, and licorice were all found to exert anti H. pylori activity.2 In addition, turmeric, borage, and parsley were also known to inhibit the adherence of H. pylori to the stomach lining. Apigenin, a flavonoid in chamomile, has also been demonstrated in test tubes to inhibit the growth of H. pylori. In vitro studies have found that garlic, as well, can inhibit the growth of some antibiotic-resistant strains of H. pylori. Even though herbs may be the more desirable method of cure, they do not yet prove always effective in eradicating H. pylori.
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Stomach Ulcer Diagnosis And Conventional Treatment
If you suspect you have a stomach ulcer, see your doctor to first rule out other causes of your pain. In order to diagnose a stomach ulcer, your doctor may perform an endoscopy, which allows the doctor to view the inside lining of the esophagus, stomach and small intestine. Once a diagnosis is verified, treatment options can begin.
Your doctor will likely take your medical history and perform a physical exam along with a blood test, plus ask you about your past use of medications and possibly do an X-ray to locate a stomach ulcer. Testing the blood for H. pylori, plus doing a urea breath test and/or stool test to look for the presence of H. pylori antigens, are common ways to diagnose an ulcer.
The goal of stomach ulcer treatments is to help reduce pain and inflammation in the digestive tract, boost the immune system to fight H. pylori bacteria, prevent complications, and lower the chance for future ulcers from forming or returning.
Today, conventional treatment options for stomach ulcers include:
Causes Of Peptic Ulcer
Frequent intake of aspirins, ibuprofen, and naproxen can lead to peptic ulcers. Too much acid production inside the stomach, Helicobacter pylori bacteria infection in the gut, excessive stress, heartburn, feeling weak, nausea, spicy foods, excessive smoking and alcohol consumption.
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome also leads to peptic ulcers. In this health condition, a tumor is formed in pancreas and duodenum, which releases gastrin. This hormone results in the formation of excessive gas inside the stomach. This extra amount of gas causes peptic ulcers.
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Natural And Home Remedies For Stomach Ulcers
A stomach ulcer is a sore on the lining of your stomach or small intestine . This sore usually causes pain and burning in the abdomen. This pain can come and go and may last for hours at a time.
Stomach ulcers occur when the acids that your body uses to digest food lead to damage to the stomach or duodenum walls. This can be caused by the infection H. pylori or the long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications . Certain foods and stress can exacerbate the development of ulcers and associated pain.
This article will describe natural and home remedies used to treat ulcers and foods to limit or avoid if you have an ulcer.
How Do Doctors Treat An Nsaid
If NSAIDs are causing your peptic ulcer and you dont have an H. pylori infection, your doctor may tell you to
- stop taking the NSAID
- reduce how much of the NSAID you take
- switch to another medicine that wont cause a peptic ulcer
Your doctor may also prescribe medicines to reduce stomach acid and coat and protect your peptic ulcer. Proton pump inhibitors , histamine receptor blockers, and protectants can help relieve pain and help your ulcer heal.
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How Common Are Stomach Ulcers
Its not known exactly how common stomach ulcers are. They have become much less common since the 1980s because of much more effective treatments. So people with stomach ulcers now usually get better much more quickly.
The term peptic ulcer is used to describe ulcers that are caused by too much acid in the stomach. This includes stomach ulcers and also ulcers in the first part of the gut known as the duodenum. Stomach ulcers are less common than duodenal ulcers.
Stomach Ulcers Can Be Handled At Home But Be Careful
As you can see, there are many home remedies that can be used to care for the pain and damage that a stomach ulcer can cause. Although there are more remedies out there, we believe that the ones weve mentioned here are the best ones to help treat your ulcer.
But with that in mind, stomach ulcers can become a serious medical issue. If your ulcer isnt getting any better or if it gets worse while youre taking one of these home remedies, consult your doctor to make sure that everything is okay. He or she may recommend a more effective treatment depending on your condition.
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Diagnosis Of Stomach Ulcers
To help the doctor diagnose stomach ulcers, you need to explain in detail the symptoms experienced, including the location of the appearance of pain in the stomach. He will also find out about his medical history and examine the abdomen by pressing on different areas of the abdomen to see if there is a sensitive area of the abdomen, pain when pressed, or pain under pressure.
If the doctor suspects a specific medical condition as the cause of stomach ulcers, then he can recommend diagnostic tests, such as blood tests, endoscopy, tests to diagnose H pylori bacterial infections, liver function tests, and X-rays.
Here are 3 complications related to stomach ulcers:
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How Do You Get Rid Of An Ulcer
The range of treatment options includes:
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What To Expect On The Day Of Surgery
When you go to your surgery appointment, you will register and sign a consent form. You may have some pre-operative testing before you go to the pre-surgical area. These tests may include a chest X-ray, CBC, blood chemistry panel, and a urine test.
You will be asked to change into a hospital gown. You will have your temperature, blood pressure, pulse, respiratory rate, and oxygen level checked.
If you are having stomach ulcer surgery for an emergency, like a perforation, your preparation will happen quickly. You will need to have IV fluids and possibly a blood transfusion during this period.
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Home Remedies For Managing Stomach Ulcers
Most of the treatments above are short-lived and come with their own set of side effects. Luckily, there are items you probably already have in your kitchen or can easily grab at the grocery store to prevent and manage stubborn stomach ulcers.
- Turmeric:Turmeric and its powerful anti-inflammatory compound curcumin are also becoming a popular at-home method of preventing stomach ulcers. Turmeric has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that may be able to ease the gut and ward off stomach ulcers.
- Ginger:Ginger has long been used as a natural method of relieving gastrointestinal pain and bloating, and it may be able to help tackle stomach ulcers as well. A 2013 reviewsuggests ginger may help with gastric ulcers caused by H. pylori bacteria and help to prevent ulcers caused by NSAIDs. Ginger can be eaten raw in smoothies and other dishes or it can be dehydrated and consumed via capsules.
- Deglycyrrhizinated Licorice:A supplemental form of licorice called deglycyrrhizinated licorice may be able to reduce the risk of stomach ulcers by preventing overgrowth of H. pylori and encouraging the gut to produce more mucin to strengthen the inner lining.