How Is An Ulcer Diagnosed
Your doctor will ask you about your symptoms. They may do an endoscopy. This procedure involves inserting a thin, flexible tube attached to a camera down your throat and into your stomach. Your doctor will test your blood, breath or stool for H. pylori. They also can test a sample of your stomach lining. Your doctor also will ask you if you regularly take aspirin or anti-inflammatory medicines.
Symptoms Of Stomach Ulcers
Although the most common symptom of a stomach ulcer is a burning or gnawing pain in the centre of the abdomen . Not all stomach ulcers are painful.
Some people experience:
Speak to your GP immediately if:
- your symptoms persist
- youre vomiting blood the blood can appear bright red or have a dark brown, grainy appearance like coffee grounds
- youre passing dark, sticky, tar-like stools
- you feel a sudden, sharp pain in your tummy that gets steadily worse
These could be a sign of a serious complication.
Nsaids And Stomach Ulcers
The risk of ulcers increases if the drugs are taken in high doses or regularly for a long time.
Stronger NSAIDs, such as those available on prescription, carry a greater risk of stomach ulcers than those that people can buy over the counter.
A person should always check labels and consult a pharmacist or a doctor about any concerns regarding using pain relief medication. They may recommend an alternative, such as acetaminophen.
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How Do You Treat Blood In Your Stool
Blood in your stool can be a sign of many different things, including hemorrhoids, anal fissures, or even cancer. If you are experiencing blood in your stool, it is vital to seek medical attention as soon as possible.
Treating blood in stool due to hemorrhoids: Hemorrhoids are among the most common causes of bleeding from the rectum. The irritation caused by these swollen veins results in painless GI bleeding during bowel movements or when passing gas. Treatment for internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids includes maintaining good hygiene habits, such as wiping front to back after using the bathroom and avoiding sitting on hard surfaces that
The treatment for blood in your stool may depend on the severity of the bleeding and the cause. Immediate medical attention is required when you are suffering from severe blood loss or any warning signs such as extreme pain, fever, chills, or heavy sweating.
If its less severe than that, then home remedies can be used to deal with minor cases of mild bleeding.
Why Is There Blood In My Stool Rectal Bleeding
Lets face it nobody likes seeing their own blood outside their body, especially from their bum or in their stool. Finishing up on the toilet and wiping only to find smears of red on the paper can be unsettling. Even more alarming is peeking into the bowl to find red stool . While the presence of blood certainly needs to be addressed, there are several different potential reasons it could have happened some more serious than others.
Most people with minor rectal bleeding dont have colon cancer or another serious condition, so dont immediately freak out! However, it is not possible to know the cause of bleeding without an examination by a physician. For this reason, if you ever notice blood in your stool or bleeding from your rectum, you should contact your health care provider as soon as possible. They can give you advice about whether and when you should be examined or schedule tests. Large amounts of blood should be dealt with immediately at the hospital.
You should also seek medical care if you notice a change in the frequency or consistency of your bowel movements, have abdominal pain, or feel very tired or weak.
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Other Causes And Factors
Other causes are rare. For example, some viral infections can cause a stomach ulcer. Crohns disease may cause a stomach ulcer in addition to other problems of the gut.
Stomach cancer may at first look similar to an ulcer. Stomach cancer is uncommon but may need to be ruled out if you are found to have a stomach ulcer.
If your stomach ulcers caused by a Helicobacter pylori bacterial infection, youll be given:
- a course of antibiotics
- a medication called a proton pump inhibitor
This is also recommended if its thought your stomach ulcers caused by a combination of an H. pylori infection and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs .
Signs You May Have A Stomach Ulcer
We have absolutely warned our patients about the dangers of untreated ulcers in the past. However, we consider this to be an extremely important matter and therefore, we will continue to try to educate the people of Los Angeles, as well as those elsewhere on the most common symptoms of stomach ulcers. If you know the signs, you can see your doctor sooner rather than later when things have gotten especially bad. Continue reading below to get familiar with what these symptoms are.
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When To Contact A Medical Professional
Contact your health care provider right away if:
- You notice blood or changes in the color of your stool
- You vomit blood
- You feel dizzy or lightheaded
In children, a small amount of blood in the stool is most often not serious. The most common cause is constipation. You should still tell your child’s provider if you notice this problem.
Colon Or Rectal Cancer
Cancer that impacts the colon or rectum can cause irritation, inflammation, and bleeding. The blood may appear bright red or can cause stool to have a darker color.
Colon cancer is a very common form of cancer and tends to progress slowly, so it is often treatable if caught early.
Rectal cancer, while far rarer than colon cancer, is also usually curable if detected and treated in time.
Some cases of colon and rectal cancer develop from initially benign polyps. All cases of gastrointestinal cancer treatment, which varies based on the stage of the cancer but can involve surgery or a combination of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery.
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How Would My Stool Look If I Had Rectal Bleeding
When you have blood in your stool it can look a few different ways. You may have bright red streaks of blood on your poop or you could see blood mixed in with it. Stool could also look very dark, almost black, and tarry.
Sometimes, you can have blood in your stool thats not visible. This is called occult bleeding. This can be a sign of bleeding inside your digestive tract. It can also signal a more serious condition like an inflammation disease in your intestines or cancer. Occult bleeding is usually found during lab tests that look at a sample of your poop to check for small amounts of blood. This is called a fecal occult blood test and it can be used as a way to screen for possible colorectal cancer. Your healthcare provider might recommend this if you have a family history of colorectal cancer.
One thing to keep in mind when you see an unusual color in your poop is what you ate. There are certain foods that can change the color of your stool and make it look red or even black. This is often mistaken for blood in your stool.
What Causes Stomach Ulcers
Your stomach normally produces acid to help with the digestion of food and to kill germs . This acid is corrosive, so some cells on the inside lining of the stomach and the first part of the gut known as the duodenum produce a natural mucous barrier. This protects the lining of the stomach and duodenum.
There is normally a balance between the amount of acid that you make and the mucous defence barrier. An ulcer may develop if there is an alteration in this balance, allowing the acid to damage the lining of the stomach or duodenum. Causes of this include the following:
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How Are Peptic Ulcers Treated
Treatment will depend on the type of ulcer you have. Your healthcare provider will create a care plan for you based on what is causing your ulcer.
Treatment can include making lifestyle changes, taking medicines, or in some cases having surgery.
Lifestyle changes may include:
- Not eating certain foods. Avoid any foods that make your symptoms worse.
- Quitting smoking. Smoking can keep your ulcer from healing. It is also linked to ulcers coming back after treatment.
- Limiting alcohol and caffeine. They can make your symptoms worse.
- Not using NSAIDs . These include aspirin and ibuprofen.
Medicines to treat ulcers may include:
- Antibiotics. These bacteria-fighting medicines are used to kill the H. pylori bacteria. Often a mix of antibiotics and other medicines is used to cure the ulcer and get rid of the infection.
- H2-blockers . These reduce the amount of acid your stomach makes by blocking the hormone histamine. Histamine helps to make acid.
- Proton pump inhibitors or PPIs. These lower stomach acid levels and protect the lining of your stomach and duodenum.
- Mucosal protective agents. These medicines protect the stomachs mucus lining from acid damage so that it can heal.
- Antacids. These quickly weaken or neutralize stomach acid to ease your symptoms.
In most cases, medicines can heal ulcers quickly. Once the H. pylori bacteria is removed, most ulcers do not come back.
Record Of Constant Bleeding
Individuals may find themselves in situations of bleeding ulcers from time to time. If the victim suffers from the problem for a relatively long time, the ulcer is likely at its advanced stage.
When the ulcer is at a stage that is considerably advanced, the sufferer may experience repeated onsets of bleeding episodes that will manifest in different ways from one time to another.
There are many signs of a bleeding ulcer that can be identified through both observation, assessment, and laboratory tests appropriate for the verification of the signs and symptoms. This will bring finer details about the underlying condition in order to draw fitting conclusions.
- Stig Borbjerg Laursen . Risk Factors for Rebleeding in Peptic Ulcer Bleeding: A Second Look at Second-Look Endoscopy.
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Gastrointestinal Bleeding: An Alarming Sign
Manouchehr Saljoughian, PharmD, PhDAlta Bates Summit Medical CenterBerkeley, California
Gastrointestinal bleeding can originate anywhere from the pharynx to the rectum and can be occult or overt. It differs from internal bleeding, where blood leaks from the blood vessels in such a way that the bleeding cannot be seen outside of the body. GI bleeding has a variety of causes, and a review of patient medical history and a physical examination can distinguish between the macroscopic and microscopic forms. The manifestations depend on the location and rate of bleeding, from nearly undetectable to acute and life-threatening. Upper endoscopy or colonoscopy are generally considered the best methods to identify the source of bleeding.1
History of present illness should be reviewed to ascertain quantity and frequency of blood passage. However, quantity can be difficult to assess because even small amounts of rectal bleeding or modest amounts of vomited blood are alarming to a patient. Whether blood was passed with initial emesis or only after several nonbloody vomiting episodes could indicate different causes.1
Several drugs increase the likelihood of bleeding, including nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , warfarin, and heparin. Chronic liver disease due to excessive use of alcohol can also cause bleeding. GI bleeding may also precipitate hepatic encephalopathy or hepatorenal syndrome .2
Diagnosis Of Ulcers In Horses
If you suspect your horse has a gastric ulcer, make an appointment with your veterinarian. An ulcer can be serious, and sometimes fatal if medical attention is not given in time. Your medical professional will ask questions pertaining to his health history, look closely at his clinical signs, perform blood work, urinalysis, biochemistry profile, and other laboratory testing in order to rule out any other illnesses and come to a preliminary diagnosis.
Your doctor may perform specific diagnostic testing using enhanced diagnostic equipment. He may use a gastroscope, which is an approximately 2 meters-long endoscope into the stomach of your horse. This is currently the most accurate and definitive diagnostic test used to confirm the presence of a stomach ulcer or ulcers.
This test will confirm the specificities of the ulcers, such as size, severity, and precise location. Typically, ulcers are found in the upper portion of the organ however, ulcers can also be found in the lower section, including the duodenum. The ulcer will be classified between the areas of 0-4, with a 4 having severe lesions. He will communicate with you the extent of the ulcer and let you know the options for treatment.
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Can An Ulcer Cause Bright Red Blood In Stool
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When To See A Doctor For Hemorrhoidal Bleeding:
Your doctor should evaluate any case of painless anal bleeding. Seeing a doctor is a must when there is:
- Massive bright red blood in the stool.
- Frequent minor bleeding every time you poop.
- Symptoms of anemia .
- Chronic constipation or diarrhea.
- Development of severe pain in the anal area.
- Prolapsed hemorrhoids cannot be reduced.
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How Do People Get Rectal Ulcers
Rectal ulcers develop from stress or trauma to the rectum. Trauma can result from:
- Severe or chronic constipation.
- Straining or pushing too hard during a bowel movement .
- Inflammation in the rectum due to IBD, solitary rectal ulcer syndrome, or proctitis .
- Using fingers to remove stool that has become stuck in the rectum.
- Rectal prolapse, a condition that causes the rectum to herniate out of the anal opening.
- Anal sex or inserting foreign objects into the anus and rectum.
- Sexually transmitted diseases and infections , such as herpes and syphilis.
Causes Of Blood In Stool
Blood in stool means there is bleeding somewhere in your digestive tract. Sometimes the amount of blood is so small that it can only be detected by a fecal occult test . At other times it may visible on toilet tissue or in the toilet after a bowel movement as bright red blood. Bleeding that happens higher up in the digestive tract may make stool appear black and tarry.
Possible causes of blood in stool include:
Diverticular disease. Diverticula are small pouches that project from the colon wall. Usually diverticula don’t cause problems, but sometimes they can bleed or become infected.
Anal fissure. A small cut or tear in the tissue lining the anus similar to the cracks that occur in chapped lips or a paper cut. Fissures are often caused by passing a large, hard stool and can be painful.
Angiodysplasia. A condition in which fragile, abnormal blood vessels lead to bleeding.
Peptic ulcers. An open sore in the lining of the stomach or duodenum, the upper end of the small intestine. Many peptic ulcers are caused by infection with a bacterium called Helicobacter pylori . Long-term use or high doses of anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen can also cause ulcers.
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Fainting Or Passing Out
After sitting or lying down for a long amount of time, the person who tries to stand up may experience lightheadedness which may lead to fainting. This happens because the body doesnât pump enough blood to the brain as much as necessary.
A display of faintness during situations like standing or sitting after prolonged lying down in a patient with stomach ulcer can be an indication of bleeding. With increased blood loss, the person may become anemic. The individual will usually feel weak and sleepy most of the day. It makes them feel exhausted as well.
Black Or Dark Red Blood In Stool
The longer blood is in the digestive tract, the darker it appears. Black, tarry stools are a sign of bleeding in the upper part of the digestive tract, such as the esophagus, stomach, and first part of the small intestine. Dark red blood in stool is a sign that bleeding may be in the small intestine or the beginning of the colon.
Causes of black or dark red blood in the stool may include:
- Inflammatory bowel disease
Of course, not all changes in stool color are due to underlying disease. Certain foods and supplements can also change the color of stool. For example, iron supplements and Pepto-Bismol are known to cause black stools. Black or dark red blood in the stool may also result from eating dark-colored foods like blueberries, black licorice, and dark chocolate.
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What Can A Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage Lead To
Certain disorders occur within the digestive tract, which can cause gastrointestinal bleeding. Gastrointestinal bleeding, also known as gastrointestinal hemorrhage, is any bleeding that is located anywhere within the digestive system. Any bleeding from the mouth to the rectum is gastrointestinal bleeding. Studies show that, on average, there are about 400,000 hospitalizations per year in the United States that account for two billion dollars in medical costs.