Why Did I Try The Aip Diet
I am coming out of a yearlong flare-up of ulcerative colitis, which is approximately 49 weeks longer than my typical flare-up.
It was a tough period of my life where I was sick, in agonizing pain, and no drug my doctor gave me seemed to get me back into remission.
I was desperate and I tried almost everything, including acupuncture, Chinese herbs, five different biologics, two steroids, and so many over-the-counter treatments.
To drive the point home even further, my best friend was my heating pad. You get the picture.
I kept hearing all about the AIP diet through my circle of friends with Crohns and colitis, so I became curious to learn more.
I am a huge believer in the power of food to heal the body. At that point, I was barely eating anything at all, so an elimination diet couldnt be that hard for me. I thoroughly researched the protocol and decided to go for it.
Metabolism And Bacterial Utilization Of Artificial Sweeteners
The proposed advantage of most non-nutritive AS is that following ingestion they are not metabolized . Some AS are known to be compound molecules that are amenable for degradation by bacteria. Some sweeteners, i.e., sucralose, were originally thought not to be metabolizable. However, mass spectrometry studies showed that the spectral profile of the molecule recovered from feces is structurally different from that which was ingested, indicating that such AS can be metabolized in the gut, possibly by bacteria. In other cases, AS, such as stevia, are broken down into simpler molecules that can be metabolized by the host or bacteria . In such scenario, the AS core molecule, steviol, is absorbed systemically, and then excreted in urine . While AS are known to modulate the gut microbiota, little is known regarding their effect on viruses and fungi in the gut. The section below and provide an overview of absorption-excretion patterns for representative AS and the influence of gut bacteria.
Comparison of main routes of absorption, digestion, metabolism, and excretion of representative AS illustrate the absorption, digestion, metabolism, and excretion for saccharin, acesulfame-potassium, sucralose, and aspartame and steviol glycoside.
Host Genetics Mediates Artificial Sweetener Effects
Several lines of evidence suggest that the effect of AS on inflammation and severity of response to AS relative to gut microbial changes depends on the genetic susceptibility of the host. For instance, in a recent study, a 6-week intake of Splenda, supplemented at the maximum dose recommended by the FDA , had significant outcomes on ileitis in mice prone to IBD , but not in healthy control AKR/J mice despite changes being observed in the gut microbiome . This study illustrates that changes in the gut microbiota may reflect AS consumption, but such changes are not necessarily correlated with IBD unless the consumer has genetic susceptibility. Similar discrepancies in the effect of AS relative to different mouse lines have been reported . Specifically, Splenda and stevia-treated CD1 mice had higher percentage of lymphocytes in Peyer’s patches compared with Balb/c mice , whereas lymphocyte proportions were increased in sucrose-treated Balb/c mice but reduced in CD1 mice .
Such variability across lines has also been reported for glucose tolerance. Overall, diabetic mouse models have demonstrated that AS exert anti-hyperglycemic effects in rodents . However, similar studies using healthy mouse lines that were supplemented with stevia or sucralose have revealed AS-induced glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, and significantly elevated HbA1clevels .
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Assessment Of Gut Permeability
At sacrifice, a 10cm portion of small intestine was excised distally from 10cm below the ligament of Treitz and flushed with ice-cold phosphate-buffered saline . The intestinal segment was ligated at one end and a tube was inserted to add 400µl of fluorescein isothiocyanate /rhodamine dextran . A ligature was applied as the tube was removed. The length and width of the segment was measured and then submerged in 10mL of HBSS maintained at 37°C and percolated with carbogen . Samples were collected from surrounding media at baseline and every ten minutes for thirty minutes. Fluorescence was measured using a SpectraMax M3 spectrophotometer fluorescence at 438ex/544em for FITC and once at 520ex/590em for rhodamine. A leakage ratio was calculated for each time point by normalizing dextran to the gut volume then dividing the 4kDa dextran by 70kDa dextran to obtain a ratio. Serum LPS measurement was carried out using the Pyrochrome Limulus Amoebocyte Lysate assay according to manufacturers instructions .
How Artificial Sweeteners Can Impact Gut Health
Current research suggests that artificial sweeteners can change your gut microbe composition because certain microbes can break down artificial sweeteners better than others, says Jessie Wong, RDN, LD, a registered dietitian who specializes in gut health and IBS. This allows the microbes that can break them down to flourish while the ones that cant diminish, leading to a change in composition.
For example, an October 2017 article in Moleculepoints out how neotamea no-calorie artificial sweeteneraltered the diversity of bacteria in the gut microbiome in mice by promoting the growth of certain bacteria and declining the growth of others.
Although larger studies are needed to see the long-term effects of artificial sweeteners, like neotame, on the human gut, the fact that they can cause gut dysbiosisan imbalance between the good and bad bacteria in your gutmeans theres potential for them to impact a wide range of things in your body.
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Word To The Wise: Check The Ingredients
Check the ingredients before you buy something. Artificial sweeteners are a trigger for my Crohn’s. IBD patients, be careful with artificial sweeteners. I know that is one of my triggers.
Does anybody else have the same issues? Schweppes does not have artificial sweeteners in it, so if you are looking for that soda taste, thats the brand that I think it the least harsh on the stomach. Good luck!
How Can I Tell If I Have Ulcerative Colitis Or Crohns Disease
Its important that you, your healthcare provider, and a GI specialist work together closely to figure out whats causing your symptoms. This is especially important since the symptoms of Crohns disease and ulcerative colitis can be similar. Your providers may check blood work and a stool sample. To get an accurate diagnosis, your GI specialist may do a colonoscopy, where a camera is pushed into the colon. Your provider will look at the inside of the colon and take tissue samples, which are important for making the right diagnosis. Your providers might get a CT scan or an MRI of your abdomen to check for complications related to your condition.
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Metabolic And Inflammatory Effects Of As Depend On The Diet
The extent to which specific bacteria are selectively modified by AS reflects diet composition, for instance, the presence of dietary saturated fat . In Wistar rats fed either with a high-fat diet or a standard rodent diet supplemented with sucralose, steviol glycoside, or a caloric sweetener , gut microbiota were differentially modified by both the type of sweetener and the fat content of the diet, explaining up to 48.5% of microbiota variation . While steviol glycoside resulted in the lowest number of LPS synthesis genes and produced the highest serum IL-10 compared with other AS, mice fed either with steviol + HFD, sucrose + HFD, or sucralose + HFD had the highest number of LPS synthesis genes. Thus, the effect of an AS depends on the diet composition, and this modulates the effects of AS on inflammation .
The same concept applies to food intake , for which studies have reported AS-induced alterations, either increasing or decreasing caloric intake . This is important, since the effects on colonic microbiota, as reported by studies, may be attributed to changes in food intake, rather than the actual AS tested. Overall, an AS-supplemented diet may modify bacterial functionality with subsequent by-products that directly or indirectly trigger/modify inflammation locally in the gut or systemically in other organs, for example, the liver.
Lets Learn The Preparation Method
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Artificial Sweetener Splenda May Worsen Ibd Symptoms
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The artificial sweetener Splenda promoted microbial dysbiosis and Crohns-like disease in genetically susceptible mice, suggesting that consumption of this product could exacerbate symptoms in patients with Crohns disease, according to new research published in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.
Our findings suggest that patients with Crohns disease should think carefully about consuming Splenda or similar products containing sucralose and maltodextrin, study author Alex Rodriguez-Palacios, DVM, MSc, DVSc, PhD, assistant professor of medicine at Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, said in a press release. This study demonstrates that the sweetener induces changes in gut bacteria and gut wall immune cell reactivity, which could result in inflammation or disease flare ups in susceptible people. On the other hand, the study suggests that individuals free of intestinal diseases may not need to be overly concerned.
While prior studies have separately tested Splendas ingredients the artificial sweetener sucralose, which is believed to be indigestible, and the digestible sweetener maltodextrin Rodriguez-Palacios and colleagues tested them in combination in what he called one of the best animal models of ileal Crohns disease.
Disclosures: The authors report no relevant financial disclosures.
2. Dietary fiber associated with reduced Crohns disease flares
Colon Rna Extraction And Qrt
Total RNA was isolated from colon tissues using the UNlQ-10 Column Trizol Total RNA Isolation Kit . The RNA concentration and OD260/280 absorbance ratio were then measured using a Nanodrop ND-1000 Spectrophotometer . The RNA was transcribed into cDNA using 5X All-In-One RT MasterMix . Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed in volumes of 20 l containing 1 l of each primer in the FastStart Universal SYBR Green Master according to the manufacturer’s instructions. PCR amplification was performed with the following conditions: 30 s at 95°C, followed by 40 cycles of 5 s at 95°C and 31 s at 60°C. After that, a melting curve analysis was performed to confirm the specificity of the qRT-PCR. All samples were analyzed in triplicate, and the results were normalized to the expression of GAPDH. The results were calculated by the 2Ct equation.
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Artificial Sweeteners Like Splenda May Make Crohn’s Disease Gut Issues Worse Study Shows
There’s no one-diet-fits-all to fight Crohn’s disease, a condition that causes inflammation of the digestive tract. However, avoiding artificial sweeteners such as Splenda may help prevent uncomfortable symptoms, according to a new study.
In an effort to understand how the zero-calorie sugar substitute impacts the body’s intestines, researchers from Case Western Reserve University conducted three experiments on mice models. For the first experiment, they mixed in a “low dose” of Splenda into the drinking water of mice belonging to a genetic line known to suffer from Crohn’s. They then compared those mice to others that instead received plain water for six weeks.
During the second experiment, the researchers slightly increased the sugar dose, and finally, during the third experiment, they increased it 10 times higher. For both of those trials, they also introduced healthy mice into the mix. The findings, which are published in the journal Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, showed that the mice with Crohn’s-like disease had an overgrowth of E. coli in their intestines, but the healthy mice did not. Although all people have a small amount of E. coli in their gut, those with Crohn’s and other bowel diseases are known to carry a bit too much, as illustrated in previous studies.
Sucralose Vs Stevia Vs Aspartame
Sucralose is an artificial sweetener thats used in sugar free and sugarless products. Its marketed as a no-calorie sweetener that can help you lose weight although studies suggest that this isnt true.
Sucralose is added to many products in your grocery store, including:
- baked goods
- sparkling waters
- protein bars
Although the FDA has approved the use of sucralose in food and beverage products, including those marketed for children, there are some concerns regarding ingesting sucralose. Studies suggest that its linked to leaky gut and gastrointestinal problems like IBS and Crohns disease.
It may even cause diabetes, although its commonly marketed as a sugar free agent thats better for people on a diabetic diet.
Sucralose vs. Stevia
Stevia is an edible herbal plant thats been used for more than 1,500 years. Unlike sucralose and aspartame, it is a natural sweetener.
Stevia extracts are said to be about 200 times sweeter than sugar. Although it can be used in your morning coffee or smoothie in place of sugar, stevia does not cause the dangerous side effects like most artificial sweeteners.
In fact, it may have anticancer, antidiabetic, cholesterol-improving and weight loss-promoting properties.
In other words, they discovered that stevia helps normalize blood sugar levels and reduce your risk for diabetes compared to the blood sugar spike people experience when they drink sugary or diet beverages before, during or after meals.
Sucralose vs. Aspartame
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Celery Juice For Ulcerative Colitis
Ulcerative colitis is a chronic inflammation in the lining of the large intestines. It can cause ulcers on the rectum and colon walls, which may bleed and affect the digestive process. Common symptoms include abdominal pain, diarrhea, bloody stools, weight loss. Although diet cannot cure UC, it may help relieve symptoms and flare-ups.Lets take a look at one of the healthiest and nutritious options, celery juice. Celery helps calm the digestive system because it contains anti-inflammatory compounds. Plus, it is a diuretic, which helps your body get rid of toxins and wastes.
Treatments For Ibs And Ibd
Treatment is very different for IBS and IBD. If you have IBD, you will take medications that lower the inflammation in the GI tract such as anti-inflammatory medications, biologic agents, and immunomodulators which can reduce the damage IBD is causing.
Heres a few examples of some foods to avoid when you have IBS:
If diarrhea is one of your main IBS symptoms, you might take medications that reduce the diarrhea, such as rifamixin and eluxadoline . If you are more often constipated, you might take medications that help keep the GI tract moving, such as lubiprostone , linaclotide , or plecanatide .
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Avoiding Drinks With Artificial Sweetener
So what did I do? I decided to give seltzer water a try. I did lots of research and noticed that many sodas and other carbonated drinks had the artificial sweetener called aspartame. That is what was making me use the bathroom so much.
After a few weeks of trying seltzers that had no artificial sweeteners, I settled for Schweppes. I will have to be honest with you, it takes time to develop a taste for it. The flavor doesnt jump out at you – it has a tint of it. It comes in a variety of flavors including black cherry, mandarin orange, and lemon-lime. I like the black cherry the best.
What Is The Anti
The anti-inflammatory diet isnt a strict meal plan, but rather a style of eating. The anti-inflammatory diet aims to improve overall health status by harnessing the power of beneficial nutrients in certain food groups. If youve ever heard of the Mediterranean diet, youll notice many similarities. These two diet names are often used interchangeably.
There are a few branded versions of the anti-inflammatory diet , but the basic premise of all anti-inflammatory diets focuses on fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, and seafood thats high in omega-3 fatty acids. The diet tends to contain plenty of fiber and healthy fats while being low in preservatives.
The anti-inflammatory diet steers people away from triggers believed to promote inflammation throughout the body, such as red meats and processed foods high in sugar and sodium. For instance, instead of premade salad dressings or deep-fried foods, people following this type of diet are advised to get their fat from avocadoes or olive oil .
Following an anti-inflammatory diet may mean you should also avoid:
- Artificial sweeteners
- Lactose and dairy products
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They May Lead To A Weakened Immune System
Science shows that theres a strong connection between your gut health and immune function. Artificial sweeteners could create an imbalance of bacteria in the gut microbiome, which could possibly impact our immune system, says Marvin Singh, MD, an integrative gastroenterologist, founder of Precisione Clinic and author of the forthcoming book, Rescue Your Health.
These sweeteners can cause metabolic derangements and glucose intolerance by altering the gut microbiome, Dr. Singh explains. So why does this matter? If our microbiome isnt balanced, our immune system may not be as strongand the majority of our immune system is found in the gut.
Case in point: Research suggests that consuming high doses of artificial sweeteners could induce glucose intolerance by altering the microbiome, according to a May 2015 article in Gut Microbes. Scientists supplemented the drinking water of mice with high doses of saccharin, sucralose, or aspartame. After 11 weeks, the mice that drank the artificially sweetened water showed glucose intolerance compared to those that just drank water or water enhanced with sucrose or glucose.
Although its not totally clear why some artificial sweeteners can cause glucose intolerance, one theory is that they can interfere with the bodys sweet receptors and stimulate an insulin response. This can heighten cravings for sweets instead of reducing them.