What Is A Stomach Ulcer
A stomach ulcer is considered to be a wound that is present inside the walls of the stomach. Ulcers are known to be open wounds, and they are said to mostly develop in and lead to damage of the inside lining of the stomach. They are mostly sore and can cause a lot of pain. Stomach ulcers are usually found in the small intestine or in the lining of the stomach, as mentioned earlier. These ulcers are a possible sign of a medical condition known as peptic ulcer. Such ulcers tend to develop when hydrochloric acid makes its way through the mucus defenses and digests the stomach lining. This leads to an open wound. Since the stomach is said to be always in motion due to the fact that it grinds food, the wound thus always remains open, and this causes intense pain in the stomach.
Stomach ulcers are known to occur when the thick layer of mucus that protects the stomach from any digestive juices is reduced, which in turn enables the digestive acid to eat away at the lining tissues of the stomach. Stomach ulcers cause burning pain in the stomach, relieved by eating food. The food present in the stomach is known to partially dissolve the acid, but the discomfort will often start again when the stomach becomes empty. The presence of stomach ulcers can also lead to a feeling of being bloated, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, and intolerance to certain fatty foods.
What Tests Are There For A Stomach Ulcer
If your doctor thinks you may have a stomach ulcer, the initial tests will include some blood tests. These tests will help to check whether you have become anaemic because of any bleeding from the ulcer. The blood test will also check to see that your liver and pancreas are working properly.
The main tests that are then used to diagnose a stomach ulcer are as follows:
- A test to detect the H. pylori germ is usually done if you have a stomach ulcer. The H. pylori bacterium can be detected in a sample of stool , or in a âbreath testâ, or from a blood test, or from a biopsy sample taken during a gastroscopy. See the separate leaflet called Helicobacter Pylori for more details.
- Gastroscopy is the test that can confirm a stomach ulcer. Gastroscopy is usually done as an outpatient âday caseâ. You may be given a sedative to help you to relax. In this test, a doctor looks inside your stomach by passing a thin, flexible telescope down your gullet . The doctor will then be able to see any inflammation or ulcers in your stomach.
- Small samples are usually taken of the tissue in and around the ulcer during gastroscopy. These are sent to the laboratory to be looked at under the microscope. This is important because some ulcers are caused by stomach cancer. However, most stomach ulcers are not caused by cancer.
Top 27 Natural & Effective Home Remedies For Peptic Ulcer Pain Attack
1. Increase Fiber Consumption
Increasing fiber consumption is the next treatment in this list of home remedies for peptic ulcer.
A diet rich in whole grains and high in fiber, along with dairy products at modest levels, can help control stomach acid production. Healthy and balanced diets should be high in fiber. Not eating enough vitamin-rich foods can make it difficult for the body to heal peptic ulcers.
- Fiber-rich foods include breads, pasta from whole wheat and brown rice.
- You can consume lean meat and low-fat milk products at a moderate level.
- Enhance consumption of foods rich in antioxidants , flavonoids , B vitamins and Calcium because they help to reduce the symptoms of peptic ulcer.
- Drink 6-8 glasses of water a day as part of a healthy diet.
There are no recommended diets for all patients with peptic ulcer, so you need to identify foods that cause irritation and talk with your doctor.
2. Eat Three Bananas A Day
This sounds strange when it comes to home remedies for peptic ulcer attack, but it works.
A healthy diet with three bananas helps prevent ulcers and relieve pain from ulcers. All you need to do is eat bananas, drink banana smoothies or add bananas to breakfast cereal. Combine bananas with other healthy foods. Eating bananas with a healthy lifestyle improves your ability to prevent or treat peptic ulcers. Beside bananas, you can add some non-acidic fruit such as kiwi, mango and papaya to your diet. Also, try to eat boiled vegetables like broccoli or carrots.
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How Are Ulcers Diagnosed
Your healthcare provider may be able to make the diagnosis just by talking with you about your symptoms. If you develop an ulcer and youre not taking NSAIDs, the cause is likely an H. pylori infection. To confirm the diagnosis, youll need one of these tests:
If you have severe symptoms, your provider may recommend an upper endoscopy to determine if you have an ulcer. In this procedure, the doctor inserts an endoscope through your throat and into your stomach to look for abnormalities.
H. Pylori tests
Tests for H. pylori are now widely used and your provider will tailor treatment to reduce your symptoms and kill the bacteria. A breath test is the easiest way to discover H. pylori. Your provider can also look for it with a blood or stool test, or by taking a sample during an upper endoscopy.
Less frequently, imaging tests such as X-rays and CT scans are used to detect ulcers. You have to drink a specific liquid that coats the digestive tract and makes ulcers more visible to the imaging machines.
Exercise May Help Ulcers
A study of more than 11,000 men and women showed that active men had one-half to one-third the risk of developing a duodenal ulcer over a 20- year period when compared to their sedentary counterparts. Men who walked or ran at least 10 miles a week were 62 percent less likely to develop an ulcer than physically inactive study participants.15 Of course, moderate exercise is the best type. Intense activity tends to draw too much blood away from the lining of the stomach and the intestines, thereby rendering the mucosa more susceptible to ulcer formation.
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What Causes Peptic Ulcers
When you eat, your stomach produces hydrochloric acid and an enzyme called pepsin to digest the food.
- The food is partially digested in the stomach and then moves on to the duodenum to continue the process.
- Peptic ulcers occur when the acid and enzyme overcome the defense mechanisms of the gastrointestinal tract and erode the mucosal wall.
- Now it is understood that people with ulcers have an imbalance between acid and pepsin coupled with the digestive tract’s inability to protect itself from these harsh substances.
- Research done in the 1980s showed that some ulcers are caused by infection with a bacterium named Helicobacter pylori, usually called H pylori.
- Not everyone who gets an ulcer is infected with H pylori. Aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can cause ulcers if taken regularly.
Some types of medical therapy can contribute to ulcer formation. The following factors can weaken the protective mucosal barrier of the stomach increasing the chances of getting an ulcer and slow the healing of existing ulcers.
- Aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , and newer anti-inflammatory medications
- Radiation therapy:-used for diseases such as cancer
People who take aspirin or other anti-inflammatory medications are at an increased risk even if they do not have H pylori infection.
What Ulcer Treatments Are Available
If your ulcer is bleeding, your doctor may treat it during an endoscopy procedure by injecting medications into it. Your doctor could also use a clamp or cauterization to seal it off and stop the bleeding.
For most people, doctors treat ulcers with medications, including:
- Proton pump inhibitors : These drugs reduce acid, which allows the ulcer to heal. PPIs include Prilosec®, Prevacid®, Aciphex®, Protonix® and Nexium®.
- Histamine receptor blockers : These drugs also reduce acid production and include Tagamet®, Pepcid®, Zantac® and Axid®.
- Antibiotics: These medications kill bacteria. Doctors use them to treat H. pylori.
- Protective medications: Like a liquid bandage, these medications cover the ulcer in a protective layer to prevent further damage from digestive acids and enzymes. Doctors commonly recommend Carafate® or Pepto-Bismol®.
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Cautions About Natural Remedies For Ulcers
If a person does go on the herbal route, we would stress the need for re-evaluation following treatment. If the infection still persists after botanical agents have been wisely applied in conjunction with any other needed lifestyle measures, judicious use of antibiotics may prove helpful. Indeed, in certain cases the risk factors for stomach cancer may make antibiotics a necessity.
Note that probiotic supplementation such as that in lactobacillus- and bifidobacterium-containing yogurt can improve the antibiotic eradication rates of H. pylori in humans and/or decrease their adverse side effects. Probiotics also decrease mucosal inflammation, thus accelerating healing of the gastric mucosal barrier.3,4
What Causes Ulcers
Ulcers are sores that develop in different parts of your body. Stomach ulcers are very common, and they form in the lining of the stomach.
Stomach ulcers usually form due to Helicobacter pylori infection, but other factors that disrupt the balance of your stomachs environment can also cause ulcers. These include:
- Excess alcohol consumption
- Overuse of anti-inflammatory medications
While there are medications that can relieve stomach ulcers, these drugs are linked to negative side effects, such as diarrhea and headaches.
To avoid these adverse effects, it is best to use natural remedies like the ones detailed below.
What Are The Post
Ensure that you follow the below-mentioned post remedy guidelines after practicing these home remedies:
- Avoid spicy food, fatty food as well as citrus fruits as it can worsen your condition. Apart from that, if you experience a stomach upset after having a particular food, it is better to avoid it for the time being.
- Do not smoke or consume alcohol.
- Try not to stress yourself. You can opt for meditation to help you in this regard.
- The cabbage or the bananas that you consume for treating your ulcer needs to be fresh. If you are having the juice, make sure that you make it fresh every day.
- Do not store pre-made juices if you are having them daily.
Summary: Follow the guidelines. Avoid spicy food, smoking, alcohol consumption. Consume fresh food. Avoid stress.
How Diet Can Play A Role In Ulcers
Dr. Simpson explains, Diets can make ulcer symptoms worse, but the only thing that can make an ulcer worse for a diet is alcohol. Otherwise, foods can make you feel worse, like spices or fatty foods. Some foods make them feel better, like yogurt, but they dont really cure the ulcer.6254a4d1642c605c54bf1cab17d50f1e
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Causes Of Stomach Ulcers
Stomach ulcers, also known as peptic ulcers, are more common than you’d think. There are three main types of stomach or gastrointestinal ulcers, affecting about 2.46.1% of the world’s population. Peptic ulcers are open sores on the lining of the stomach or the first part of the small intestine, called the duodenum. Duodenal ulcers occur specifically in the duodenum, while gastric ulcers occur in the stomach. Peptic ulcer disease can be a recurring problem for some people, but can usually be managed with over-the-counter medications and a handful of natural home remedies.
There are two main causes of peptic ulcers:
- H. Pylori Infection:One of the most common causes is an H. pylori infection. Helicobacter pylori or H. pylori bacteria are typically harmless and exist within the digestive system starting as young children. Although the growth of H. pylori is natural, overgrowth and a breakdown in the gut’s mucous lining can cause irritation and ulcers to form. As we’ll see, controlling this bacteria can be done with conventional and/or home remedies. However, if left untreated, this can potentially increase the risk of gastritis and over time lead to stomach cancer.
- NSAIDs:Another common culprit of stomach ulcers is NSAIDs. Long-term consistent use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , such as ibuprofen or aspirin, decreases digestive enzymes within the gut and slows the production of chemicals that protect the stomach lining from stomach acid.
Natural Remedies For H Pylori
Fortunately, other alternative therapies with less risk of resistance are available. Researchers OMahoney and associates found that certain herbs can kill the H. pylori bacteria. Listed in order of their effectiveness from greatest to least, turmeric, cumin, ginger, borage, black caraway, oregano, and licorice were all found to exert anti H. pylori activity.2 In addition, turmeric, borage, and parsley were also known to inhibit the adherence of H. pylori to the stomach lining. Apigenin, a flavonoid in chamomile, has also been demonstrated in test tubes to inhibit the growth of H. pylori. In vitro studies have found that garlic, as well, can inhibit the growth of some antibiotic-resistant strains of H. pylori. Even though herbs may be the more desirable method of cure, they do not yet prove always effective in eradicating H. pylori.
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How Do I Know If I Have An Ulcer
Describing your symptoms may lead your doctor to suspect that you have a peptic ulcer, but it wonât likely help determine the type, because the symptoms of stomach and duodenal ulcers are so similar. The doctor will do tests like these to figure out which specific type of ulcer you have:
- Endoscopy. This is the most accurate diagnostic test to diagnose a peptic ulcer. The doctor puts a flexible tube down your throat to see inside your esophagus , stomach, and duodenum. This allows the doctor to see the cause of bleeding and test for any bacterial infection. During this exam, your doctor may also do a biopsy to check for cancer.
- Barium swallow. If you can’t have an endoscopy, this test, also called an upper GI series of X-rays, can help your doctor identify and locate the ulcer and determine its type and severity. The test requires you to drink a “barium milkshake,” which has a liquid that will show up on an X-ray. They may ask you to eat only bland, easy-to-digest foods for 2-3 days before the test. After drinking the chalky liquid, you lie down on a tilting exam table. This evenly spreads the barium around your upper digestive tract and lets the X-ray take pictures at different angles.
Inhibition Of Acid Production
Inhibition of acid production can improve gastric ulcer. Many herbal medicines with anti-gastric ulcer activity reduce gastric acid secretion .1). For example, oral Ocimum sanctum extract for 3 d induced a > 50% reduction in total gastric acidity. Similarly, oral Solanum nigrum fruits extract at a dose of 400 mg/kg lowered gastric acid concentration comparable to omeprazole . Herbal medicine-induced reduction in acid production could be due to: inhibition of H/K-ATPase activity, as demonstrated in animal models of gastric ulcer or stimulation of prostaglandin E2 production.
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Stomach Ulcer Diagnosis And Conventional Treatment
If you suspect you have a stomach ulcer, see your doctor to first rule out other causes of your pain. In order to diagnose a stomach ulcer, your doctor may perform an endoscopy, which allows the doctor to view the inside lining of the esophagus, stomach and small intestine. Once a diagnosis is verified, treatment options can begin.
Your doctor will likely take your medical history and perform a physical exam along with a blood test, plus ask you about your past use of medications and possibly do an X-ray to locate a stomach ulcer. Testing the blood for H. pylori, plus doing a urea breath test and/or stool test to look for the presence of H. pylori antigens, are common ways to diagnose an ulcer.
The goal of stomach ulcer treatments is to help reduce pain and inflammation in the digestive tract, boost the immune system to fight H. pylori bacteria, prevent complications, and lower the chance for future ulcers from forming or returning.
Today, conventional treatment options for stomach ulcers include:
What Treatments Can Relieve Ulcer Pain
While over-the-counter medications can treat an upset stomach, they are generally not effective in treating ulcers. And taking over-the-counter painkillers could worsen the problem. That is why its better to see a doctor, who may combine several medications and therapies to relieve pain, cure the infection, and prevent it from worsening. Medications usually include:
Your doctor may also recommend making lifestyle modifications, including:
- Avoiding spicy and oily food
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Understanding Ulcer Medication For Horses
When it comes to treating Equine Gastric Ulcer Syndrome, several good options exist, but the specific type of drug/medication and length of treatment your veterinarian prescribes will likely depend on the exact location in the stomach, as well as the severity of ulceration.
Latsons business partner, equine internal medicine veterinary specialist, Dr. Robert Franklin, explains that the horses stomach is divided into two halves: the top, which is called non-glandular and the bottom, referred to as glandular.
The non-glandular region is typically the area affected by ulceration, says Franklin. This region typically responds well to treatment.
GastroGard and UlcerGard, which both contain the active ingredient omeprazole, are the two main drugs veterinarians tend to use for non-glandular ulcers.
They work about 80% of the time in a 4-week treatment period, notes Franklin.
However, Franklin goes on to explain that a glandular ulcer does not heal nearly as easily and doesn’t always respond to the typical treatments, so veterinarians often have to rely on a different strategy when treating these types of ulcers.
Weve used sucralfate in combination with omeprazole to manage glandular ulcers. Some more recent studies have shown that another drug called misoprostol is likely the best treatment for this type.