Friday, June 17, 2022

What Does A Duodenal Ulcer Feel Like

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What Are Stomach Ulcers

What Causes Stomach Ulcers Is Stress Ever To Blame? A Doctor Answers

There are two kinds of stomach ulcers: gastric ulcers and duodenal ulcers. Gastric ulcers are sores on the lining of your stomach. Duodenal ulcers are sores on the upper section of your small intestine.

Your body creates a protective layer of mucus to shield the linings of your stomach and small intestine from the harsh stomach acid required to break down food. When the mucus layer is worn away or doesnt function properly, the acid begins to damage the lining of the stomach or small intestine, creating an ulcer. Many people believe spicy foods or stress cause ulcers, but while these can exacerbate existing ulcers, they dont actually cause them.

Ulcers are usually caused by an infection from a common bacteria called helicobacter pylori or from the habitual use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as aspirin. Other factors, such as being older than age 50, smoking, genetics, steroid use, and frequent alcohol use, can increase your risk of developing an ulcer.

What Are The Symptoms Of A Peptic Ulcer Does It Cause Pain

    Ulcers do not always cause symptoms. Sometimes, a serious complication such as bleeding or a sudden, bad upper abdominal pain is the first sign of an ulcer.

    The most common symptom of peptic ulcers is abdominal pain.

    • The pain is usually in the upper middle part of the abdomen, above the belly button and below the breastbone.
    • The ulcer pain can feel like burning, or gnawing, and it may go through to the back.
    • Pain often comes several hours after a meal when the stomach is empty.
    • The pain is often worse at night and early morning.
    • It can last anywhere from a few minutes to several hours.
    • The ulcer pain may be relieved by food, antacids, or vomiting.

    Other symptoms of peptic ulcers include the following:

    • Nausea
    • Loss of appetite
    • Loss of weight

    Severe ulcers may cause bleeding in the stomach or duodenum. Bleeding is sometimes the only symptom of an ulcer. This bleeding can be fast or slow. Fast bleeding reveals itself in one of the following ways:

    • Vomiting of blood or dark material that looks something like coffee grounds: This is an emergency and warrants an immediate visit to an emergency department.
    • Blood in the stool or black, tarry, sticky-looking stools

    Slow bleeding is often more difficult to detect, because it has no dramatic symptoms.

    • The usual result is low blood cell count .
    • The symptoms of anemia are tiredness , lack of energy , weakness, rapid heartbeat , and pale skin .

    What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Perforated Peptic Ulcer Disease

    Patients with perforated peptic ulcer disease usually present with a sudden onset of severe, sharp abdominal pain. Most patients describe generalized pain a few present with severe epigastric pain. As even slight movement can tremendously worsen their pain, these patients assume a fetal position. Abdominal examination usually discloses generalized tenderness, rebound tenderness, guarding, and rigidity. However, the degree of peritoneal findings is strongly influenced by a number of factors, including the size of the perforation, amount of bacterial and gastric contents contaminating the abdominal cavity, time between perforation and presentation, and spontaneous sealing of perforation.

    These patients may also demonstrate signs and symptoms of septic shock, such as tachycardia, hypotension, and anuria. Not surprisingly, these indicators of shock may be absent in elderly or immunocompromised patients or in those with diabetes. Patients should be asked if retching and vomiting occurred before the onset of pain.

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    Stomach Ulcer Burning Pain What Does It Feel Like

    Theopen sore can cause a number of signs and symptoms. And the severity of theulcer is usually equivalent with the severity of the symptoms.

    Amongstomach ulcer symptoms, burning sensation or pain is the most common one.Typically, it is felt in the middle or upper part of abdomen specificallybetween the belly button and breastbone , where your stomach is locatedin the body.

    Thepain usually feels like burning, gnawing, or dull sensation. In a few cases italso could be stabbing or intense, depending on the severity of the open sore. Sometimesit could be strong enough to radiate elsewhere in the body, such as the back.

    Sothis may vary from person to person, including for duration. It may last in afew minutes or longer . Also, it could be chronic come & go in days, weeks, or even a few months.

    But one unique thing to remember, in general the pain is more likely to flare up with empty stomach.

    Often,it gets worse between meals such as in the morning or at night though againthis varies by individual. People usually have a spike in stomach acid whentheir stomach is empty. And high level of this acid can worsen the symptoms andmake the open sore take longer to heal.

    Onthe other hand, the pain is likely to relieve for a while when you takeantacids or if you eat foods that can buffer yourstomach acid . But not all foods are good tohelp deal with since certain foods would also exacerbate the pain and otherstomach ulcer symptoms.

    Your Appetite Went Mia

    What Do Intestinal Ulcers Feel Like

    For many patients with ulcers, the condition can actually result in a loss of appetite. This drop in food intake, combined with occasional vomiting, may lead to unexpected weight loss. Some ulcer patients report eating their normal amount of food, yet still lose weight, so the ulcer itself may cause a drop on the scale, too.

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    How Are Peptic Ulcers Diagnosed

    Your healthcare provider will look at your past health and give you a physical exam. You may also have some tests.

    Imaging tests used to diagnose ulcers include:

    • Upper GI series or barium swallow. This test looks at the organs of the top part of your digestive system. It checks your food pipe , stomach, and the first part of the small intestine . You will swallow a metallic fluid called barium. Barium coats the organs so that they can be seen on an X-ray.
    • Upper endoscopy or EGD . This test looks at the lining of your esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. It uses a thin lighted tube called an endoscope. The tube has a camera at one end. The tube is put into your mouth and throat. Then it goes into your esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. Your health care provider can see the inside of these organs. A small tissue sample can be taken. This can be checked for H. pylori.

    You may also have the following lab tests to see if you have an H. pylori infection:

    How Do I Know If I Have An Ulcer Or Gastritis

    There are several distinctions between the two conditions. Both conditions cause stomach lining inflammation, but gastritis is a generalized inflammation, while an ulcer is a patch of inflamed stomach lining. Ulcers cause intense, localized pain which can lead to cancer, bleeding, and stomach perforation.

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    Can Stomach Ulcers Just Go Away

    Some ulcers follow a chronic pattern of healing temporarily on their own and then returning. This might happen if the factors contributing to your ulcer, such as NSAID use, smoking and alcohol, are temporarily reduced and then resumed. You wont completely heal your ulcer until you eliminate the cause, whether that is chronic NSAID use, H. pylori infection or an overactive stomach. Even after successful treatment, you can get another ulcer.

    Can Ulcers Affect Bowel Movements

    Real Questions | Stomach Ulcers

    Rectal ulcers are sores that develop inside the rectum. These sores can be caused by several conditions, including inflammatory bowel disease, solitary rectal ulcer syndrome and constipation. If you have a rectal ulcer, you may see blood in the stool, have rectal pain or experience painful bowel movements.

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    When Should You Call Or See A Doctor

    If you think you have a stomach ulcer, call your doctor. Together you can discuss your symptoms and treatment options. If you dont already have a physician, you can use the Healthline FindCare tool to find a provider near you.

    Its important to get a stomach ulcer taken care of because without treatment, ulcers and H. pylori can cause:

    • bleeding from the ulcer site that can become life-threatening
    • penetration, which occurs when the ulcer goes through the wall of the digestive tract and into another organ, such as the pancreas
    • perforation, which occurs when the ulcer creates a hole in the wall of the digestive tract
    • obstruction in the digestive tract, which is due to swelling of inflamed tissues
    • stomach cancer, specifically

    Symptoms of these complications can include those listed below. If you have any of these symptoms, be sure to call you doctor right away:

    • weakness

    What Are The Possible Complications Of Peptic Ulcer Disease

    An ulcer left untreated may cause serious complications, including:

    • Internal bleeding: While most people with ulcers wont have bleeding, this is the most common complication that can occur. A slow bleeding ulcer can cause anemia or even severe blood loss.
    • Perforation: An ulcer that is continuously eroded by acid can eventually become a hole in the stomach or intestinal wall. This is intensely painful and also dangerous. It allows bacteria from the digestive tract to enter the abdominal cavity, which can lead to an infection of the abdominal cavity called peritonitis. From there, the infection is at risk of spreading to the rest of the body . This can lead to a life-threatening condition called .
    • Obstruction: An ulcer in the pyloric channel, the narrow passageway that leads from the stomach into the duodenum, can become an obstruction that blocks the flow of food into the small intestine. This can happen after the ulcer has healed. Ulcers that have gone through a healing process may build up scar tissue that enlarges them. An ulcer that is big enough to obstruct the small intestine can stall the digestive process, with numerous side effects.
    • Stomach cancer: Some gastric ulcers can become malignant over time. This is more likely when your ulcer is caused by H. pylori infection. H. pylori is a contributing cause of gastric cancer, though fortunately this is uncommon.

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    How Do Nsaids Cause A Peptic Ulcer

    To understand how NSAIDs cause peptic ulcer disease, it is important to understand how NSAIDs work. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs reduce pain, fever, and inflammation, or swelling.

    Everyone has two enzymes that produce chemicals in your bodys cells that promote pain, inflammation, and fever. NSAIDs work by blocking or reducing the amount of these enzymes that your body makes. However, one of the enzymes also produces another type of chemical that protects the stomach lining from stomach acid and helps control bleeding. When NSAIDs block or reduce the amount of this enzyme in your body, they also increase your chance of developing a peptic ulcer.

    Symptoms Of A Duodenal Ulcer

    What Is Duodenal Ulcer Pain Like

    If you have a duodenal ulcer, you might:

    • have pain in the stomach or abdomen
    • have indigestion
    • feel very full and bloated after eating
    • feel like you might vomit
    • lose weight

    Very occasionally, an ulcer can cause serious complications. Go to the emergency department if:

    • you have a sharp pain in your stomach that doesn’t go away
    • your vomit or stools look bloody or a black colour

    If you are concerned about symptoms, you can use healthdirect’s online Symptom Checker to get advice on the next appropriate healthcare steps and when to seek medical attention.

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    Treating Helicobacter Pylori Infection

    If your stomach ulcer’s caused by a Helicobacter pylori bacterial infection, you’ll be given:

    • a course of antibiotics
    • a medication called a proton pump inhibitor

    This is also recommended if it’s thought your stomach ulcer’s caused by a combination of an H. pylori infection and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs .

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    What Tests May Be Done

    • Gastroscopy is the test that can confirm a duodenal ulcer. In this test a doctor or nurse looks inside your stomach and the first part of your small intestine . They do this by passing a thin, flexible telescope down your gullet . They can see any inflammation or ulcers.
    • A test to detect the H. pylori germ is usually done if you have a duodenal ulcer. If H. pylori is found then it is likely to be the cause of the ulcer. Briefly, it can be detected in a sample of stool , or in a breath test, or from a blood test, or from a biopsy sample taken during an endoscopy. See the separate leaflet called Helicobacter Pylori for more details.

    Diagnosis Of A Stomach Ulcer

    What does stomach ulcer pain feel like?

    Diagnosing a stomach ulcer is done using a range of methods, including:

    • Endoscopy a thin flexible tube is threaded down the oesophagus into the stomach under light anaesthesia. The endoscope is fitted with a small camera so the physician can see if there is an ulcer.
    • Barium meal a chalky liquid is drunk and an x-ray is performed, showing the stomach lining. These tests are less common nowadays, but may be useful where endoscopy is unavailable.
    • Biopsy a small tissue sample is taken during an endoscopy and tested in a laboratory. This biopsy should always be done if a gastric ulcer is found.
    • C14 breath test this checks for the presence of H. pylori. The bacteria convert urea into carbon dioxide. The test involves swallowing an amount of radioactive carbon and testing the air exhaled from the lungs. A non-radioactive test can be used for children and pregnant women.

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    Stages And Types Of Stomach Ulcers

    If you dont get treatment for a stomach ulcer, it can develop into a more serious condition:

    • Bleeding: Your ulcer can bleed, which may cause your stools to look dark and can lead to anemia.
    • Perforation: The ulcer can become so severe that it creates a hole in the wall of the stomach out of which food can leak, which is a severe situation, but it is rare.

    Do Stomach Ulcers Go Away

    Treatment Overview Left untreated, many ulcers eventually heal. But ulcers often recur if the cause of the ulcer is not eliminated or treated. If ulcers keep coming back, you have an increased risk of developing a serious complication, such as bleeding or a hole in the wall of your stomach or intestine.

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    Are Bananas Good For Ulcers

    Both raw and ripe bananas are found to be very beneficial in curing stomach ulcer. There are certain antibacterial compounds in bananas that inhibit the growth of ulcer-causing H. pylori. Bananas are best to clear out the acidity of gastric juices that lowers the inflammation and strengthens the stomach lining.

    How Stomach Ulcers Are Treated

    How to Ease Your Stomach Woes and Get Ulcer Pain Relief ...

    With treatment, most stomach ulcers will heal within a month or two. The treatment recommended for you will depend on what caused the ulcer.

    Most people will be prescribed a medication called a proton pump inhibitor to reduce the amount of acid their stomach produces and allow the ulcer to heal naturally.

    If an H. pylori infection is responsible for the ulcers, antibiotics will also be used to kill the bacteria, which should prevent the ulcer coming back.

    If the ulcers are caused by the use of NSAIDs, PPIs are usually prescribed and your doctor will discuss whether you should keep using NSAIDs.

    Alternative medication to NSAIDs, such as paracetamol, may be recommended.

    Stomach ulcers can come back after treatment, although this is less likely to happen if the underlying cause is addressed.

    Read more about treating stomach ulcers.

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    How Common Are Stomach Ulcers

    Stomach ulcers are very common in Western countries. In the United States, there are about 4 million cases per year. Some estimates say that 1 in 10 people will have one at some point in their lives. Thats because many of the causes that contribute to stomach ulcers are common in Western life. Fortunately, these causes are usually easy to trace and to reverse, giving ulcers a chance to heal and your stomach lining a chance to repair.

    Living With Peptic Ulcer Disease

    Most ulcers heal within about 8 weeks. Peptic ulcers come and go. You have to do what you can to reduce your risk. If you smoke or chew tobacco, ask your doctor about how to quit. Eat a well-balanced diet. Avoid foods that cause discomfort. These include alcohol, coffee, caffeinated soda, fatty foods, chocolate, and spicy foods. Avoid eating late at night. Talk to your doctor about alternatives to NSAIDs. Take all medicines with plenty of water.

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