Tuesday, September 27, 2022

Signs And Symptoms Of Bleeding Ulcer

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What Does A Stomach Ulcer Feel Like

Peptic Ulcer Disease Signs & Symptoms | Gastric vs. Duodenal Ulcers

Stomach ulcer pain usually begins in the upper-middle parts of the abdomen, above the belly button, and below the breastbone. Heartburn covers a broader area and tends to be higher in the chest. The pain is often very similar to heartburn and may feel like burning or gnawing that may go through to the back. The onset of the pain may occur several hours after a meal when the stomach is empty.

You could have heartburn and ulcer pain at the same time. Pain may vary from a few minutes to several hours. Usually, people complain that their heartburn is worse at night. It can be relieved with foods, antacids, or even vomiting. If you suspect you have a stomach ulcer, seek medical attention as soon as possible to prevent any complications. These symptoms could only worsen with time if your ulcer goes untreated. Getting these symptoms diagnosed by a trained gastroenterologist for timely treatment is crucial for your overall health.

What Tests Will Be Done To Diagnose A Peptic Ulcer

Endoscopy. An upper endoscopy exam is expedient because allows healthcare providers to see inside your digestive tract and also take a tissue sample to analyze in the lab. The test is done by passing a thin tube with a tiny camera attached down your throat and into your stomach and duodenum. Youll have medication to numb your throat and help you relax during the test. Your healthcare provider may use the endoscope to take a tissue sample to test for signs of mucous damage, anemia, H. pylori infection or malignancy. If they take a sample, you wont feel it.

Imaging tests. Imaging tests to look inside the stomach and small intestine include:

  • Upper GI series. An upper GI X-ray exam examines the stomach and duodenum through X-rays. Its less invasive than an endoscopy. For the X-ray, youll swallow a chalky fluid called barium, which will coat your esophagus, stomach and duodenum. The barium helps your digestive organs show up better in black and white images.
  • CT scan. Your healthcare provider might recommend a CT scan if they need to see your organs in more detail. A CT scan can show complications such as a perforation in the stomach or intestinal wall. For the test, youll lie on a table inside a scanner machine while X-rays are taken. You may drink or have an injection with contrast fluid to make your organs show up better in images.

Tests for H. pylori. Your healthcare provider might want to test you separately for H. pylori infection. Tests may include:

What Are Some Ulcer Symptoms

Some people with ulcers dont experience any symptoms. But signs of an ulcer can include:

  • Gnawing or burning pain in your middle or upper stomach between meals or at night.
  • Pain that temporarily disappears if you eat something or take an antacid.

In severe cases, symptoms can include:

  • Dark or black stool .
  • Severe pain in your mid- to upper abdomen.

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What Are The Symptoms Of A Peptic Ulcer

Youâll most likely feel a burning pain or discomfort between your belly button and breastbone. You might especially notice it on an empty stomach — such as between meals or at night. The pain may stop for a little while if you eat or take an antacid, but then return. The pain can last for a few minutes or a few hours, and may come and go for many days or weeks.

Other symptoms may include:

Small ulcers may not cause any symptoms. But if you notice any of these signs, talk to your doctor.

What Natural Home Remedies Help Peptic Ulcer Pain

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Home care for peptic ulcers often centers on neutralizing the stomach acid.

  • Donât smoke, and avoid coffee and alcohol. These habits increase gastric acid production and weaken the mucosal barrier of the GI tract promoting ulcer formation and slowing ulcer healing.
  • Donât take aspirin or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications. Acetaminophen is a good substitute for some conditions. If acetaminophen doesnât help, talk to your health-care professional about alternatives.
  • If your symptoms are mild, try an over-the-counter antacid or nonprescription histamine blocker to neutralize stomach acid. Usually stronger prescription medications are needed.

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How Are Ulcers Treated

Some mild cases of ulcers may not need medical attention as they will heal on their own. However, not seeking proper medical treatment may result in these ulcers coming back.

Antibioticsare normally prescribed to eliminate the infection, and sometimes an acidreducer. They may be prescribed to be taken twice a day for 1 to 2 weeks.

If NSAIDs are causing the ulcers, a doctor may prescribe a protective medication to take along with it.

Outlook With Gastric And Duodenal Ulcers

There are good treatments available for ulcers, and surgery usually is not necessary. Its important to see a healthcare provider and to find out how to get an ulcer managed and healed. In most cases, ulcers from H. pylori or NSAIDs can be healed. Taking steps to prevent ulcers in the future may also be recommended.

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How Can I Prevent A Stomach Ulcer From Occurring Or Returning

  • Reduce NSAID use, if possible. Consider whether acetaminophen might substitute. If you take NSAIDs for medical reasons, talk to your doctor about reducing your dosage or switching your medication. Your doctor may also prescribe another medicine to take with NSAIDs to protect your stomach lining.
  • Reduce other irritants that may contribute to too much stomach acid or erode your stomach lining, including smoking and alcohol use.
  • Take an H. pylori breath test to find out if you have an overgrowth of the bacteria.

When Is Ulcer Pain An Emergency

Ulcer, Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment.

Peptic ulcers may lead to emergency situations. Severe abdominal pain with or without evidence of bleeding may indicate a perforation of the ulcer through the stomach or duodenum. Vomiting of a substance that resembles coffee grounds, or the presence of black tarry stools, may indicate serious bleeding.

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Causes Of A Stomach Ulcer

There are two main reasons for the stomach linings protective mucus being damaged, allowing stomach ulcers to form. These are:

  • H. pylori infection where the bacteria irritates the stomach lining making it vulnerable to acidic damage. Its thought that this accounts for around 80% of stomach ulcer cases but doesnt always cause symptoms
  • Long-term use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , including aspirin, ibuprofen. naproxen and diclofenac

In rare cases, viral infections and conditions such as Crohns disease can trigger stomach ulcers.

H Pylori Infection Treatment

Patients infected with H. pylori will usually need PPIs and antibiotics. This treatment is effective in most patients, and the ulcer will start to disappear within days. When treatment is over, the individual will have to be tested again to make sure the H. pylori have gone. If necessary, they will undergo another course of different antibiotics.

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Symptoms Of Peptic Ulcer Complications

Peptic ulcers can cause some discomfort but are rarely life-threatening. With that said, severe ulcers can sometimes lead to perforation and internal bleeding and require emergency surgery to prevent serious illness or death.

This article discusses the complications of peptic ulcers, warning signs, and when to get medical help.

What Causes Stomach Ulcers

Peptic Ulcer In Children

The two most common causes are:

  • H. pylori infection. This common bacterial infection affects up to half of people worldwide. It primarily lives in the stomach. In many people, it doesnt seem to cause problems. Their gut immune systems keep it in check. But a portion of those infected have H. pylori overgrowth. The bacteria continue to multiply, eating into the stomach lining and causing chronic inflammation and peptic ulcer disease. H. pylori infection is associated with about 60% of duodenal ulcers and 40% of gastric ulcers.
  • Overuse of NSAIDs. NSAID stands for non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug.” These include common over-the-counter pain relief medications such as ibuprofen, naproxen and aspirin. NSAIDs contribute to ulcers in several ways. They irritate the stomach lining on contact and repress some of the chemicals that defend and repair the mucous lining. Up to 30% of people who take NSAIDs regularly develop peptic ulcers. Up to 50% of all peptic ulcers are caused by the overuse of NSAIDs.

Less common causes of stomach ulcers include:

  • Zollinger-Ellison Syndrome. This is a rare condition that causes your stomach to produce too much gastric acid.
  • Severe physiological stress. Severe illness, burns or injuries can produce stress ulcers in the stomach. Physiological stress changes your bodys PH balance, increasing stomach acid. Stress ulcers develop very quickly in response to stress, unlike normal stomach ulcers that develop gradually.

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What Should I Do If The Test Result Is Positive

If the UlcerScreen test result is positive it means that anti-H. pylori antibodies are present in blood. We would recommend that you should seek medical advice from your doctor who will decide if further investigation should be performed as the anti-H. pylori antibodies could be due a to previous infection that has already been treated.

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What Kind Of Doctor Treats Peptic Ulcers

  • If you suspect you may have a peptic ulcer, you may first be diagnosed by your family practitioner or internist.
  • Children or teenagers may see a pediatrician.
  • For further treatment you will likely be referred to a gastroenterologist, a specialist in disorders of the digestive tract.
  • If you have an emergency such as vomiting or severe abdominal pain you will be seen by an emergency medicine specialist in an emergency room.
  • In the rare case where surgery is needed, you may see a general surgeon.

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Causes Of Stomach Ulcers

The most common causes of stomach ulcers include infection with the H. pylori bacterium as well as long-term use of aspirin, ibuprofen, and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs . In very rare cases, a condition known as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome can cause a stomach ulcer, as it increases the bodys production of acid.

How To Treat Ulcers

Peptic Ulcers, Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment.

Dr. Lalezari says, “Years ago surgery was common for ulcer disease. This was before the advent of a special class of medications called proton pump inhibitors , the purple pill as the popular advertising campaign called it. Treatment with these acid suppressing medications tend to resolve the ulcer in most patients. Often Times it is a bacteria called Helicobacter pylori which is responsible for ulcer formation. If this is the cause, usually an antibiotic regimen is added to the PPI to help clear the bacteria and resolve the ulcer.”

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What Is A Peptic Ulcer

A peptic ulcer is a sore or hole that forms in the lining of the stomach or intestine.

The word “peptic” refers to the digestive tract. An ulcer in the lining of the stomach is a gastric ulcer. An ulcer in the first part of the small intestine is a duodenal ulcer.

The lining of the stomach is a layer of special cells and mucous. Mucous prevents the stomach and duodenum from being damaged by acid and digestive enzymes.

If there is a break in the lining , the tissue under the lining can be damaged by the enzymes and corrosive acid. If the ulcer is small, there may be few symptoms. The wound can heal on its own.

If the ulcer is deep, it can cause serious pain or bleeding. Rarely, acids in the digestive juices may eat completely through the stomach or duodenum wall.

Peptic ulcers are very common. They become more common as people age.

The bacterium Helicobacter pylori is believed to cause most peptic ulcers. This bacteria causes inflammation in the stomach lining. This probably makes the lining vulnerable. But only a minority of people infected with H. pylori develop ulcers.

Another common cause of ulcers is the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs . Examples of NSAIDs include aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen .

NSAIDs block the formation of some prostaglandins. Prostaglandins are chemicals that normally help protect against ulcers. With less prostaglandins, ulcers are more likely to form.

  • Family history
  • Excessive alcohol use

Who Is More Likely To Get Ulcers

One in 10 people develops an ulcer. Risk factors that make ulcers more likely include:

  • Frequent use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , a group of common pain relievers that includes ibuprofen .
  • A family history of ulcers.
  • Illness such as liver, kidney or lung disease.
  • Regularly drinking alcohol.

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Can Stomach Ulcers Just Go Away

Some ulcers follow a chronic pattern of healing temporarily on their own and then returning. This might happen if the factors contributing to your ulcer, such as NSAID use, smoking and alcohol, are temporarily reduced and then resumed. You wont completely heal your ulcer until you eliminate the cause, whether that is chronic NSAID use, H. pylori infection or an overactive stomach. Even after successful treatment, you can get another ulcer.

Who Suffers From Bleeding Ulcer

Progression of Bleeding Ulcer

Some people are more susceptible to develop the condition and this is because they have the risk factors of bleeding ulcers. It is very important for high-risk people to act accordingly upon experiencing the symptoms of bleeding ulcer. Studies showed that the condition is more common in people who are:

  • Affected by H. pylori infection

The H. pylori bacteria have been known to affect the normal production of stomach lining which protects the stomach from getting harmed by the stomach acid.

  • Living an unhealthy lifestyle

Drinking alcohol and smoking have been associated with gastrointestinal problems because they have components that stimulate irritation to the lining of the upper digestive tract.

  • Taking certain medications

The continuous intake of offending medications like NSAIDs, corticosteroid and anticoagulants can irritate the digestive tract and result in the ulcer to bleed.

  • Eating spicy foods regularly

Spicy foods have been associated to bleeding ulcers because of their ability to irritate the digestive tract.

Stress has long been associated with the emergence of various health problems, including bleeding ulcers whether it is due to emotional or physical stress.

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How Are Leg Ulcers Diagnosed

  • A physical examination is the most common way to diagnose it.
  • A doppler machine can also be used to diagnose leg ulcers based on the blood supply to your legs.
  • In some cases, your doctor may refer you to a vascular specialist if he is not able to confirm your condition.

Once you are diagnosed with leg ulcers, you tend to look for different options to treat the condition. And what could be better than being able to do so naturally? Listed below are some of the best home remedies that can help you in treating leg ulcers naturally.

What You Have To Do
  • Take an aloe vera leaf and cut it slightly.
  • Scrape off the jelly-like substance from the leaf.
  • Apply the gel directly to the ulcers on your leg.
  • How Often You Should Do This

    Do this 2-3 times daily.

    Why This Works

    Aloe vera is a therapeutic herb that is widely used to treat various ailments. It is extremely effective in healing leg ulcers as it not only inhibits the growth of bacteria but also prevents further infection . It contains compounds like anthraquinones and certain hormones that are said to render wound healing properties to it .

    What You Have To Do
  • Take a little organic honey on your fingertips.
  • Apply it gently to the open ulcers on your leg and leave it on.
  • You can wash it off with water after 10 to 15 minutes.
  • How Often You Should Do This

    Do this at least 2-3 times daily.

    Why This Works
    What You Have To Do
  • Grind the gotu kola leaves with enough water to form a thick paste.
  • Wash it off.
  • Causes And Risk Factors Of Peptic Ulcers

    For a long time, it was believed that spicy foods or stress led to peptic ulcers but doctors now know that this isnt the case.

    In fact, the most common causes of ulcers are:

    Certain factors can put a person at a greater risk of developing a peptic ulcer, including:

    • Taking high doses of NSAIDs
    • Using NSAIDs continuously over a long period of time
    • Being female

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    You Have Heartburn At Most Meals

    If you find yourself experiencing frequent heartburn, regardless of what you eat, an ulcer may be responsible. Many patients with ulcers describe feeling very intense chest pain, which often causes them to burp or hiccup more than usual after eating. In many cases, a simple over-the-counter antacid can be taken to temporarily alleviate some of the pain and gassiness, but if it persists day after day, its likely something more than a regular case of heartburn.

    Reduce Stress In Daily Life

    Gastric ulcer, Duodenal ulcer – symptoms and treatment

    Stress reduction techniques can help control signs and symptoms. To relieve stress, try:

    Identify stressors in your current life. Learn how to manage stress. Exercise, if your doctor confirms its safe, and listening to soothing music can help.

    Learn and practice relaxation techniques. May include relaxing breathing, meditation, yoga, and muscle relaxation.

    Pursue relaxing activities. Spend time doing things you enjoy, such as hobbies or sports.

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