How To Treat Minor Pet Wounds At Home
You can treat minor pets wounds at home since not every scrape or injury requires pet emergency care. Our pets will occasionally experience a cut, abrasion, or other minor wound. Dogs especially have more of these instances, since they are more rambunctious than their feline counterparts. The team at Oakland Veterinary Referral Services is here to help explain the right way to treat minor pet wounds at home with pet first aid.
Start Here: How To Diagnose Dog Skin Problems
A veterinarian will attempt to narrow the list of possible causes by taking a thorough history along with a physical exam and diagnostic lab tests. Dog flea allergy is the leading cause of skin problems, followed by other types of allergies such as environmental dog allergies and dog food allergy.
Mange, a parasitic condition that causes patches of baldness, is the next leading cause and is primarily seen in puppies.
Other symptoms which accompany dog skin problems such as severe hair loss and excessive panting could indicate an underlying disorder such as an endocrine disease such as hyperadrenocorticism or Cushing’s Disease. Treatment for dog skin conditions involve keeping the skin clean and treating the underlying cause such as bacterial infection or parasites.
Burrs In Fur: Tips For Grooming
- For dogs, comb the burrs in their fur with a metal comb immediately. If burrs are badly tangled, rub vegetable oil on your fingers and work the lubrication slowly through the fur until you can pull the burrs out.
- Cats typically will want to take care of their own grooming, but you can help by gently working through the mess with a wire brush. Most cats wont let you cut the fur or lubricate it the way a dog will.
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How To Treat Dog Sores
Now you know that dog skin sores are of different types and the mode of treatment may vary with the cause. It is not at all advisable to use medications meant for humans, on dogs. However, there are certain home remedies that can be tried for treating canine skin sores.
These remedies are recommended for sores that develop due to minor cuts or scratches. Even these skin lesions need immediate medical attention, if they are highly inflamed and fail to respond to home remedies.
- First of all, muzzle the dog. This is very important as the animal, who is in pain, may try to bite you, as you examine and clean the sores.
- The second step is to wash the sore with an antibacterial soap. In case, the dog is a long-haired one, you have to trim the hair around the sores.
- Once cleaned, pat dry the sores and apply a small amount of antibiotic cream over them . Home remedies for dog sores include apple cider vinegar .
- Another home remedy for dog skin sores is saline solution. Dissolve a teaspoon of salt in a cup of water and apply this on the sores .
- It has also been observed that damp tea bags placed over dog skin sores help in curing the conditions. It is said that this is due to the presence of tannin in tea.
Treatment Of Skin Ulcers In Dogs
Treatment varies widely according to the cause of the skin ulcer. Most lesions can be successfully treated at home, though the veterinarian may recommend hospitalization, depending on the underlying condition. In all cases, the ulcerated skin must be kept clean and free of pressure. The wound should be kept moist, as this allows sufficient blood to reach the area and enhances the healing process. You may want to ask the veterinarian about hydroactive wound dressings, which mold to the sore and keep the area moist without additional intervention.
If the lesion is the result of fungal or bacterial organisms, the veterinarian will prescribe medication to fight the infection. Any other conditions, such as cancer or burns, will need to be treated according to the veterinarians directions.
Treatment may need to be administered for several weeks as the wound slowly heals. During this time, you should monitor your dog for additional symptoms and to ensure that the skin ulcer is closing.
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Epsom Salts For Wounds
You might use magnesium-rich Epsom salts to relieve sore muscles. They have anti-inflammatory properties and are also useful for soaking and cleaning wounds, Morgan says. They cause abscesses to open and drain, relieving pressure in the wound and allowing healing. We use these a lot for soaking feet of horses and also dogs with inter-digital sores.
To create a soak for your dog, Morgan advises mixing the Epsom salts with warm water and applying the soak on your dog for five to 10 minutes, three times a day.
Can Hot Spots On Dogs Go Away On Their Own
Unfortunately, a hot spot wont go away on its own, especially since dogs have a hard time leaving their irritated skin alone.
A hot spot is easier to prevent than to treat, so try to keep your dog free of hot spots by grooming them regularly and keeping them up to date on flea and tick medication. If your dog likes to go swimming, do your best to make sure theyre completely dry as soon as possible after leaving the water, especially if they have long hair or a double coat.
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Treatment Of Stomach Ulcers In Dogs
Consultation with a veterinarian is required before any treatment is started. The goal is to cure the underlying cause, which led to the appearance of a stomach ulcer and provide relief to the dog by relieving symptoms.
That includes the immediate discontinuation of therapy with glucocorticoids and NSAIDs. Also, it is necessary to provide sufficient fluids and even blood transfusion in cases when the gastroduodenal ulcer is followed by:
- Severe abdominal infection
Besides, the usual therapy of this condition will depend on the reasons that led to it, and usually include medications that will regulate the level of stomach acid.
Cytoprotective agentsâ They neutralize gastric acid and promote the production of gastric prostaglandin.
Gastro-protectantsâ They reduce the production of gastric acid, relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and help the body heal itself.
Antacidsâ They neutralize gastric acidity.
Antibioticsâ They are a crucial solution in the case when a bacterial infection is a reason of ulceration.
Surgeryâ It is a recommended procedure when the ulcer perforates the wall of the stomach.
Natural remedies or supplementsâ There is also a possibility of using some alternative medicine to relieve pain and improve the overall condition of the dog, such as:
Treatment Of Pemphigus Foliaceus In Dogs
There is no known cure for pemphigus foliaceus. The objective is to keep the disease in remission. In cases where pemphigus foliaceus is confined to a certain area on the dogs body, it can be treated with topical steroids. For more generalized cases a combination of oral glucocorticoids and non-steroid immunosuppressive medications will be prescribed. The non-steroidal immunosuppressive drugs are used to minimize the side effects of glucocorticoids . Your veterinarian will start your pet with a higher dosage of medication until the disease is in remission. This may take 4 to 12 weeks then the medication will be tapered down to a lower dosage that maintains remission.
Ingestion of gold salts has been successful as a treatment aid. Reducing the exposure to ultraviolet light can help the healing process. A sunscreen that does not contain zinc oxide can be used to protect the affected areas. If there is a secondary bacterial infection, antibiotics will be prescribed. It will be very important that you follow your veterinarians treatment plan.
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How Do We Diagnose Pyoderma
Pyoderma is diagnosed by history and clinical examination, and supported by cytologic findings.
Cytology is important for several reasons it:
- Identifies coexistent staphylococcal and Malassezia infections in order to resolve the infections, both need to be treated
- Confirms the presence of bacteria and white blood cells
- Helps to differentiate pyoderma from other cutaneous diseases that mimic, or may coexist with, pyodermas, such as pemphigus foliaceus.
Samples can be obtained for cytology in several ways.
- Clear tape is an excellent way to collect materials from feet and skin folds, as well as from collarettes. See Step by Step: Using Clear Tape for Cytologic Evaluation of Pyoderma.
- Direct impression smears can be obtained from moist lesions and pustule exudate, allowed to dry, and then stained.
- A dry #10 blade can collect crusts from very dry lesions, which are then placed on a slide and minced into sterile saline. Once dried, the slide can be stained and examined.
Culture and sensitivity is recommended for all generalized deep pyodermas and if treatment with 2 different classes of oral antibiotic, repeated courses of a previously effective antibiotic, or one injection of cefovecin18 fail to resolve any superficial or deep infections .
Recovery And Management Of Hot Spots On Dogs
It often takes about a week after treatment begins for a hot spot to dry out and begin to heal. Once a hot spot is dry and no longer oozes, continue to keep the area clean and dry. In about two weeks, your dogs fur will begin to grow back. Consider consulting with your veterinarian about dietary supplements that contain essential fatty acids to help hair grow in and reduce itching.
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What Are The Clinical Manifestations Of Pyoderma
Pyoderma can be classified many ways, but categorizing it by depth of skin affected is particularly useful because it can help determine type and duration of therapy.
Surface pyodermas are bacterial infections confined to the surface of the skin. These bacteria produce toxins, resulting in inflammation. The best examples include fold pyodermas of the face, lips, tail, and axilla.
Superficial pyodermas are bacterial infections that present beneath the stratum corneum layer of the epidermis, and include impetigo, folliculitis, and bacterial overgrowth syndrome.
Deep pyodermas are less common, and occur as either focal, or localized, furunculosis or generalized furunculosis and/or cellulitis. Furunculosis is caused by bacterial infection that affects the hair follicles and causes small abscesses under the skin.
Any of the bacteria listed previously can cause surface, superficial, or deep pyoderma.
Detoxify The Lymphatic System
Regular exercise is great for this, as is massage and bodywork. You can also make an herbal tea to detoxify and support the lymphatic system with:
Note: If you suspect your dog has SIBO, or small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, she might need some help. Soil-based probiotics are a great solution for SIBO.
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When To Call A Healthcare Provider
If the ulcer is large or deep, growing in size, incredibly painful, or if you have any signs of infection , you notice a bad smell coming from your ulcer, or you’re running a fever, call your healthcare provider right away.
You’ll also want to call your healthcare provider if your ulcer, no matter how minor, isn’t showing signs healing after a week to 10 days.
In most cases, the ulcer will be dressed to protect the wound. However, if your ulcer is draining considerably, your healthcare provider may recommend leaving the wound uncovered. Dressing the ulcer if it’s draining considerably can impede healing.
If your ulcer is painful, pain medication can be prescribed. Antibiotics may also be prescribed either prophylactically to prevent infection or to treat an already infected wound.
Debridement is done to remove dead tissue from more serious ulcers. For deep ulcers or those that aren’t healing after a long period of time, skin grafts may be needed. In the most severe cases, part of the foot, leg, or other appendage may have to be amputated.
Restoring good circulation is key in treating and preventing ulcers. This includes elevating the legs, wearing compression stockings, reducing pressure on ulcer-prone areas, superficial vein surgery. Leg ulcers, in particular, are incredibly likely to reoccur, so compression stockings are often needed to be worn for life.
Prevention Of Pressure Sores In Dogs
Orthopedic dog beds can prevent pressure sores
In addition to making sure your pet doesnt lie in one position for too long, there are other measures you can take to prevent skin ulcers.
A simple technique is to buy an orthopedic dog bed. The mattresses on these beds are designed to stop the breakdown of skin by distributing a dogs weight evenly over the surface.
Another technique is to cover the susceptible bony areas on your dogs body. Elastic bandages can be wrapped around a dogs arms, elbows and legs. Pet owners can also use dog or human baby garments to cover the areas. Baby onesies are a great, affordable option for small dogs and pet recovery suits or body suits can be used for larger animals.
A favorite solution I discovered was the use of compression sleeves for dogs. They fit over a dogs front and hind legs.
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Treating Mouth Ulcers In Dogs
Mouth ulcers are a painful oral condition that appear as sores on the gums, lips, tongue and inner cheeks. They are also known as mucositis or inflammation of the oral mucosa. Ulcers may be isolated, or they may be associated with the teeth if underlying periodontal disease is present.
Different types of mucositis can occur involving the inner portion of the cheeks, lips, palate, tongue, and the tissue surrounding the teeth. Clinical signs of oral ulcers in dogs include halitosis , drooling, decreased appetite, reluctance to play, and pain when opening the mouth.
Dog Yeast Infection Treatment
Once you’ve diagnosed a yeast infection in your dog, you need to know the best treatment choices possible.
This page delves deeper into the treatment options available. Starting with an overall plan, how to treat the digestive tract and boost the immune system together with what to avoid and a suggested diet.
Probiotics and Digestive enzymes play a critical role in treating yeast along with topical treatments and antifungal baths.
This is your ultimate guide to getting rid of a yeast problem in dogs.
If you have a dog with allergies, you are by no means alone. Allergies are the number one reason dog owners take their pups to their veterinarian.
This page defines the different types of canine allergies from food to skin allergies and everything in-between.
It shows you how each one is diagnosed along with typical symptoms and a recommended treatment plan for each.
You’ll also learn the difference between an allergy and yeast infection and what to do for each.
Dog skin infections can be either bacterial or yeast. This article gives you the difference between the two shown with a simple chart. There’s also information on skin infections that affect puppies, i.e. acne and impetigo.
You’ll learn the different symptoms along with common causes and which dogs are susceptible to each.
Armed with specific treatment plans, you’ll have access to a natural approach to treating skin infections in dogs by a renowned canine naturopath and zoologist.
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Recommendations Before Treating Dog Rash At Home
Before mentioning the most effective natural remedies, we must highlight the importance of going to the veterinarian to confirm that the dog suffers from dermatitis, determine what type and establish a treatment. In a complementary way, the products we share are excellent remedies that considerably relieve the most common rash symptoms, such as itching, irritation or possible wounds.
The main symptoms of most rashes are the following:
- Itching and excessive scratching that can even lead the animal to bite itself.
- Wounds and scabs on the skin from scratching.
- Red and irritated skin.
- Inflammation of the skin.
- In the most severe cases, ulcers.
Once it is confirmed that the animal suffers from dermatitis, we recommend keeping the following measures in mind:
- Wear gloves to apply any product, especially if there are wounds because they could become infected.
- Use new sterile gauze pads for each application.
- Maintain proper hygiene of the home and the utensils that we are going to use.
- Try to find the allergen that causes the allergic reaction to avoid it.
Since atopic, seborrheic and contact dermatitis are the most common, we will explain the properties and uses of the remedies designed to treat these types, so they can be applied in other cases.
Hydroactive Wound Dressings Procedure In Dogs
If applicable, apply pressure to all bleeding wounds. All wounds should be irrigated with warm saline and the surrounding skin should be dry before dressing the wound.
The method of a applying a hydroactive wound dressing for a dog depends on the type of dressing required for the specific wound.
Tielle Hydroactive Dressings
Cutinova Hydro Dressings
Allevyn Plus Cavity
Hydroactive wound dressings for dogs may remain in place for up to a weeks time, or seven days, depending on the exudation from the wound.
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What Are The Symptoms
Skin ulcers look like round, open sores. They range in severity and are usually minor injuries on the skin.
In severe cases, ulcers can become deep wounds that extend through muscle tissue, leaving bones and joints exposed.
The symptoms of skin ulcers include:
- discoloration of the skin
People can develop the following types of skin ulcer: