Treatment For Leg Ulcers
- cleaning the wound using wet and dry dressings and ointments, or surgery to remove the dead tissue
- specialised dressings a whole range of products are available to help the various stages of wound healing. Dressings are changed less often these days, because frequent dressing changes remove healthy cells as well
- occlusive dressings ulcers heal better when they are covered. These dressings should be changed weekly
- compression treatment boosts internal pressure, using either elasticised bandages or stockings. This is particularly effective if multiple layers are used
- medication includes pain-relieving medication and oral antibiotics if infection is present
- supplements there is evidence that leg ulcers may heal faster with mineral and vitamin supplements, but only if the person suffers from a deficiency. Zinc, iron and vitamin C may be used
- skin graft is a surgical procedure, where healthy skin is grafted onto the prepared wound site
- skin cancer and infection if ulcers fail to heal or if they increase in size, both these conditions will need to be ruled out
- hyperbaric oxygen this is now an accepted treatment for ulcers that resist other methods of healing, such as diabetic ulcers.
Symptoms Of Leg Ulcers
- that they are commonly found on the lower leg and ankle
- a sunken, asymmetrically shaped wound
- the edges of the ulcer are clearly defined from the surrounding skin
- the surrounding skin is intact, but inflamed
- the surrounding skin may be pigmented, hardened or calloused
- yellowish-white exudate
- varicose veins in the leg.
When To Seek Medical Care
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Other Tips For Helping Leg Ulcers Heal Faster
In addition to always following the instructions provided for how to dress the wound and how to wear your compression bandage, there are other things you can do to help speed up the healing of your leg ulcer. Other things you can do include:
- Take any and all medication as prescribed for your leg ulcer
- Keep your leg elevated as much as possible. The leg should be elevated at a height that is level with your eyes.
- Stay active. Simply walking each day can help prevent the leg ulcer from getting worse and reduce the amount of swelling you experience in your legs.
- Learn stationary leg exercises that you can do throughout the day. Some examples of stationary leg exercises include rotating your ankles, moving your feet up and down, or wiggling your leg. These exercises will help to improve blood flow to your legs.
- Try to lose weight
- Seek treatment for any other health problems, such as diabetes or heart disease
- Make improvements to your diet
- Work to make lifestyle changes, such as not drinking too much alcohol and not smoking
- Avoid bumping or touching the wound as it could reinjure the area and slow down the healing process
- Follow through with all regularly scheduled appointments with your doctor and healthcare team
Following Instructions Is Important To Helping Your Leg Ulcer Heal
Failing to follow the instructions provided by your healthcare provider can prevent your leg ulcer from healing. Most of the instructions you will be given are designed to help keep the wound clean, keep any debris from getting into the wound, and prevent infections.
Instructions on how to care for your leg ulcer will vary depending upon your situation, but the following is a look at some of the instructions you will be given:
- Keep the wound covered with a clean, non-sticky dressing at all times
- Change the dressing that covers the wound at least once a week
- Change the dressing if it becomes stained or soiled
- Wash your hands before applying the dressing to the wound
- Learn how to properly clean the wound on your own or follow up with a nurse for regularly scheduled wound cleanings
Following these instructions will help you create the best conditions that will allow your wound to heal as fast as possible.
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What Do Diabetic Sores On Legs Look Like
DiabeticDiabeticcanlegssores look likediabeticTo help treat a venous ulcer, the high pressure in the leg veins needs to be relieved.
Can Venous Leg Ulcers Be Prevented
There are several ways to help prevent developing a venous leg ulcer in people at risk.
- elevating your leg when possible
- stopping smoking if you smoke
These measures are particularly important if you previously had a leg ulcer.
This is because you’re at increased risk of having another one in the same leg within months or years.
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The Traditional Idea Of Treating Leg Ulcers With Dressings And Compression Heal Venous Leg Ulcers But Do Not Cure Them
Prof Mark Whiteley explained that dressings, or even fads such as Manuka honey or sugar, can be useful for skin wounds. Also, compression can be useful for venous leg ulcers. However, no dressing or compression can cure a venous leg ulcer permanent.
The reason for this is quite simple. As it is the hidden varicose veins that cause the venous leg ulcer, the ulcer cannot be cured until this underlying problem is fixed. No matter what is placed on the surface, the underlying problem remains. Hence the ulcer will recur when the dressings or bandages are removed.
What Should I Do At My Appointment
Remember to remove any nail polish from your toenails before your appointment.
When you see the nurse or doctor, they should:
- Ask about your symptoms and how long you have had problems
- Examine your lower legs
- Do a simple test called a Doppler Ultrasound. This test compares blood flow in your ankle with that in your arm to find out if there are arterial blood flow problems in your lower leg. You may have to come back to have your Doppler test on another day or at another clinic.
- You may also be offered some other tests to check for other health problems that can affect your legs such as diabetes and anaemia.
You may hear different words to describe your wound such as ulcer, leg ulcer, sore, laceration, chronic wound and maybe others. Ask your nurse to explain their choice of word and what this may mean for you.
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What Should I Do If I Think I Might Have A Leg Ulcer
If you have any concerns about the condition of your legs, even if you dont have exactly the same symptoms as described above, its important to seek advice. If you have a wound or sore that isnt healing, make an appointment at your GP practice as it could turn into or be the beginnings of a leg ulcer. You might be given an appointment to see the nurse rather than the doctor as nurses are often responsible for caring for patients with leg problems.
Leg Ulcer Charity Helping To Cure Leg Ulcers
Following on from his passion for making sure patients get the correct investigations and treatment for venous diseases, Mark founded the Leg Ulcer Charity . He and his team now give talks around the UK, and occasionally abroad, to try and spread the word as to how it is possible to cure leg ulcers using local anaesthetic endovenous surgery.
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What Does Current Guidance Say On This Issue
NICE guidelines published in 2013 say people with varicose veins should be referred to a vascular service if they have a venous leg ulcer that has not healed within two weeks. After assessment, suitable patients should be offered endothermal ablation or foam sclerotherapy.
Guidance in a NICE Clinical Knowledge Summary says management of venous leg ulcers includes cleaning, compression therapy, follow up and lifestyle advice. It says clinicians should Consider referral to a specialist leg ulcer clinic or tissue viability clinic if available, or to a dermatology or vascular specialist, depending on clinical judgement.
Treatment What Treatment Will I Be Offered For My Leg Ulcer
If your wound isnt healing because of venous hypertension and there are no problems with the blood supply to your legs, then you should be offered compression therapy.
Compression therapy improves blood supply by applying pressure to the leg. This can be done by bandaging the lower leg or by wearing supportive socks, stockings or tights. Compression therapy is very effective at reducing swelling, improving blood flow in the veins and healing or preventing sores or ulcers.
There are lots of different types of compression therapy so ask your nurse to find something that is right for you.
Compression can be a little uncomfortable when you first start treatment but should not cause you any pain. Any discomfort should reduce as the swelling goes down. If you do experience discomfort, talk to your nurse or doctor about it and they will advise you on ways of alleviating this.
In addition to the compression, your nurse should also advise you on wound care and dressings to keep your wound healthy.
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About Venous Leg Ulcers
A leg ulcer is a long-lasting sore that takes more than 4 to 6 weeks to heal. They usually develop on the inside of the leg, just above the ankle.
The symptoms of a venous leg ulcer include pain, itching and swelling in the affected leg. There may also be discoloured or hardened skin around the ulcer, and the sore may produce a foul-smelling discharge.
See your GP if you think you have a leg ulcer, as it will need specialist treatment to help it heal.
Your GP will examine your leg and may carry out additional tests to rule out other conditions.
Read more about how a venous leg ulcer is diagnosed.
What Are The Symptoms Of Leg Ulcers
The main symptom of a leg ulcer is a deep sore on the leg. You might also have:
- bad-smelling fluid weeping from the wound
- injury to the leg
- an infection
Older people are more at risk of developing a leg ulcer. You are also more at risk if you have diabetes or high blood pressure, if you are obese, or if you are a smoker.
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What Causes Ulcers On The Lower Legs
Causes of venous leg ulcers A venous leg ulcer can develop after a minor injury if theres a problem with the circulation of blood in your leg veins. If this happens, pressure inside the veins increases. This constant high pressure can gradually damage the tiny blood vessels in your skin and make it fragile.
What are the first signs of a leg ulcer?
Symptoms of leg ulcers
Does Cleaning Venous Leg Ulcers Help Them To Heal
Leg ulcers are open skin wounds that develop below the knee, usually because blood flow is poor in the lower leg. This can occur because of blockages, for example when small blood clots form in the veins. It can also happen when the valves in the veins that prevent blood from flowing backwards stop working properly. Poor blood flow damages the skin and tissue, and creates venous leg ulcers.
Ulcers are unsightly and may become painful or infected. On average, ulcers take from six to nine months to heal. However, some ulcers can take years to heal, and a small number never do. Once ulcers have healed, they can reoccur.
The main treatment for venous leg ulcers is to use bandages or stockings that compress the leg , to increase blood flow in the veins. It is also thought to be important to clean the wound. Different types of cleaning solutions can be used, including: normal saline water antiseptics detergents or disinfectants .
Cleaning solutions can be applied to the ulcer using a swab , a syringe with a needle, or a spray canister. Ulcers can also be bathed in the cleaning solution, using a basin or bucket, or during a shower. Cleaning can cause discomfort, and may be painful.
What did we want to find out?
We wanted to find out:
– whether cleaning venous leg ulcers helps them to become smaller and heal
– whether some cleaning solutions, or methods of applying solutions, are more effective than others
– how much cleaning wounds costs and
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Pad Foot Ulcers: How To Treat And Prevent Them
Foot ulcers, wounds, or open sores that do not heal are one of the most severe signs of advanced peripheral artery disease. PAD causes poor circulation, which can lead to foot ulcers, among other health issues. It is essential to treat and take measures to prevent foot ulcers as soon as possible. Otherwise, if left untreated, you risk infection and the potential need for amputation. Letâs discuss the types of foot ulcer treatment and prevention to avoid severe damage to your feet.
There are many options available for foot ulcer treatment, which will promote healthy healing.
Topical Wound Care
Your doctor will need to clean and disinfect the ulcer, removing dead tissue surrounding it. Then a bandage is applied to keep the area protected while it heals. Then your doctor will show you how to take care of your ulcer at home by keeping it clean and covered. They may suggest a topical antibacterial ointment to prevent further infection. Daily wound care is essential to the healing process of foot ulcers.
Doctors may prescribe antibiotics to kill bacteria if the ulcer is infected. Infections can be hazardous if left untreated. Your doctor may also recommend antiplatelet medication, which prevents blood clots from forming. Another blood clot prevention medicine they might suggest is a hemorheological agent, which promotes blood flow. Preventing blood clots is vital because blood clots can lead to a heart attack or stroke.
Why Might A Wound On The Leg Not Heal And Turn Into A Leg Ulcer
This is because the wound is on the leg and is much more difficult to heal than wounds on another part of the body. We spend a lot of time on our feet and if we have any swelling, this will interfere with healing. If you stand a great deal, or you are carrying excessive weight, this will not help your circulation. Any wound, except those caused by arterial disease will benefit from some form of compression therapy
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Why Was This Study Needed
Long-term venous leg ulcers are common, with overall population prevalence amongst all ages of about 0.1 to 0.3% in the UK. Prevalence increases with age, and about 1% of the population will suffer from leg ulceration at some point in their lives.
Between 60 to 85% of all leg ulcers are venous caused by varicose veins. Standard therapy includes cleaning, dressing the wound, and applying compression therapy. However, even with treatment in specialist clinics, only about 70% of small ulcers heal within six months and recurrence within a year is common. Some estimates suggest their treatment and management cost the NHS £1.94 billion a year.
Previous studies have shown that surgery to treat varicose veins may reduce ulcer recurrence. In 2009/10 there were 35,659 varicose veins procedures carried out in the NHS. Clear evidence about how early referral for varicose vein surgery affects ulcer healing has been lacking.
Ways To Treat Venous Leg Ulcer And Its Symptoms
Venous leg ulcer is a sore that develops on the leg and heals very slowly, typically due to poor circulation through the limb. The sore may persist for only a few weeks, or it may last for years.
There are preventative steps you can take to keep from getting them. Venous leg ulcers can cause more serious issues if theyre untreated.
The condition occurs when the veins in your leg fail to send blood adequately back to your heart. The built-up backflow of blood increases the pressure at the end of your leg, which weakens this skin.
In turn, its more difficult for a scrape or cut to heal. These ulcers often occur on bony areas like the ankle.
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What Are Leg Ulcers
Leg ulcers are sores that develop on broken or injured skin. Usually, they are more prominent right above the ankles, on the inner side of your legs.
Other than skin injuries, leg ulcers may also develop as a result of an underlying medical condition. The diseases which may lead to the development of leg ulcers are discussed briefly below.
Signs Of An Infection
A venous leg ulcer can be susceptible to bacterial infection. Symptoms of an infected leg ulcer can include:
- worsening pain
A number of factors can increase your risk of developing a venous leg ulcer, including:
- obesity or being overweight this increases the pressure in the leg veins
- if you have difficulty walking this can weaken the calf muscles, which can affect circulation in the leg veins
- previous deep vein thrombosis blood clots that develop in the leg can damage valves in the veins
- varicose veins swollen and enlarged veins caused by malfunctioning valves
- previous injury to the leg, such as a broken or fractured bone, which may cause DVT or impair walking
- previous surgery to the leg, such as a hip replacement or knee replacement, which can prevent you from moving about
- increasing age people find it harder to move around as they get older, particularly if they suffer from arthritis
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