Hiv Symptoms In Men: Is There A Difference
Symptoms of HIV vary from person to person, but theyre similar in men and women. These symptoms can come and go or get progressively worse.
If a person has been exposed to HIV, they may also have been exposed to other sexually transmitted infections . These include:
While not related to HIV symptoms, another risk for women with HIV is that the virus can be transmitted to a baby during pregnancy. However, antiretroviral therapy is considered safe during pregnancy.
Women who are treated with antiretroviral therapy are at very low risk for transmitting HIV to their baby during pregnancy and delivery. Breastfeeding is also affected in women with HIV. The virus can be transferred to a baby through breast milk.
In the United States and other settings where formula is accessible and safe, its recommended that women with HIV not breastfeed their babies. For these women, use of formula is encouraged.
Options besides formula include pasteurized banked human milk.
For women who may have been exposed to HIV, its important to know what symptoms to look for.
AIDS refers to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. With this condition, the immune system is weakened due to HIV thats typically gone untreated for many years.
If HIV is found and treated early with antiretroviral therapy, a person will usually not develop AIDS.
Symptoms of AIDS can include:
- recurrent fever
HIV does NOT transfer through:
Treatment Options For Hiv
Treatment should begin as soon as possible after a diagnosis of HIV, regardless of viral load.
The main treatment for HIV is antiretroviral therapy, a combination of daily medications that stop the virus from reproducing. This helps protect CD4 cells, keeping the immune system strong enough to take measures against disease.
Antiretroviral therapy helps keep HIV from progressing to AIDS. It also helps reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to others.
When treatment is effective, the viral load will be undetectable. The person still has HIV, but the virus is not visible in test results.
However, the virus is still in the body. And if that person stops taking antiretroviral therapy, the viral load will increase again, and the HIV can again start attacking CD4 cells.
Natural Remedies For Tongue Ulcers
An oral ulcer does not normally warrant medical intervention, but medication can be prescribed if there is an infection serving as the underlying cause.
Outside of that, cauterization can be used to forcibly close an ulcer if it gets too large or is being overly problematic.
Fortunately, most of the time treatment is just a matter of keeping the ulcer soothed long enough for it to heal on its own.
Here are some options on how to get rid of tongue ulcers.
- Rinse: An ulcer is basically a form of open wound, so itâs important to keep it clean while it heals to avoid complications. A saltwater rinse can be used to accomplish this. You can also try using a baking soda rinse.
- Paste: Milk of magnesia, baking soda, or salt can be used to create a paste to apply to the ulcer. It will be uncomfortable but can help soothe the area. The paste should be applied with a swab, and itâs best if you donât swallow it.
- Topical anesthetic: Since tongue and mouth ulcers can be especially painful, you may need over-the-counter relief. Alternatively, you can try applying ice to soothe the areaâbut remember not to apply ice directly to your skin.
- Mouthwash: Some mouthwash or rinse products contain steroids, which help ease swelling and inflammation.
Also Check: Ulcerative Colitis And Back Pain
Remedies For Mouth Ulcers
There are no quick fixes for mouth blisters as they need time to heal, but they will usually resolve on their own without treatment. The blisters may be sore for seven to 10 days. Minor blisters will heal in one to two weeks, but major canker sores can take up to four weeks.
While mouth blisters usually heal on their own without treatment, you may be uncomfortable and feel pain. You can manage your mouth blisters at home with over-the-counter medications and self-care practices.
Home Remedies For Mouth Ulcers Salt Water
Seeking the natural home remedies for mouth ulcers, you should not pass salt water. Salt contains natural disinfectant and anti-inflammatory properties that make it a perfect treatment for mouth ulcers. To obtain satisfying results, you can use it as follows:
- You can repeat until the water in your cup finishes.
- It is recommended to do this 4-5 times per day.
Recommended Reading: Is Alcohol Bad For Ulcerative Colitis
Why Do Mouth Ulcers Turn White
White patches in the mouth are a common symptom of infection, inflammation, trauma, malignancy, and other underlying conditions and diseases. Mouth white patches result from pathogens, such as bacteria, viruses and fungi, which inflame the lining of the mouth causing swelling, redness, and ulcer formation.
Does Rubbing Salt On Ulcers Help
Sometimes the simplest remedy is the best. Add some salt to warm water and rinse for about 30 seconds. This tried and true trick is so effective at healing mouth sores because the sodium chloride works to take water from the surrounding healthy tissues in your mouth and redirect the water to the mouth sore.
Also Check: Can Ulcerative Colitis Go Into Remission
How Can I Get Rid Of A Mouth Ulcer
Most mouth ulcers can be managed at home, without the need to visit your dentist or GP. Most of the time they’ll heal on their own.
If a mouth ulcer is causing you pain or discomfort, speak to your pharmacist. They may be able to recommend a protective paste or a painkilling gel to ease your discomfort. These commonly create a barrier over the ulcer to allow it to heal and aim to reduce pain and inflammation while preventing infection.
Your pharmacist may also recommend mouthwashes and lozenges that you can try. None of these can cure your ulcer, but may give you relief from the symptoms while it heals.
Most of the methods you can use to manage a mouth ulcer are non-medical, and include:
Using a soft-bristled toothbrush
Side Effects And Costs
Side effects of antiretroviral therapy vary and may include nausea, headache, and dizziness. These symptoms are often temporary and disappear with time.
Serious side effects can include swelling of the mouth and tongue and liver or kidney damage. If side effects are severe, the medications can be adjusted.
Costs for antiretroviral therapy vary according to geographic location and type of insurance coverage. Some pharmaceutical companies have assistance programs to help lower the cost.
To develop AIDS, a person has to have contracted HIV. But having HIV doesnt necessarily mean that someone will develop AIDS.
Cases of HIV progress through three stages:
- stage 1:acute stage, the first few weeks after transmission
- stage 2: clinical latency, or chronic stage
- stage 3: AIDS
As HIV lowers the CD4 cell count, the immune system weakens. A typical adults CD4 count is 500 to 1,500 per cubic millimeter. A person with a count below 200 is considered to have AIDS.
How quickly a case of HIV progresses through the chronic stage varies significantly from person to person. Without treatment, it can last up to a decade before advancing to AIDS. With treatment, it can last indefinitely.
Theres currently no cure for HIV, but it can be managed. People with HIV often have a near-normal lifespan with early treatment with antiretroviral therapy.
Also, treatment can typically help manage opportunistic infections.
HIV and AIDS are related, but theyre not the same thing.
Also Check: How To Eat With A Stomach Ulcer
What Foods Should You Avoid Or Eat
During the phase of acute inflammation, it’s helpful to avoid certain foods that can irritate the inflamed mucous membranes even more such as crispy or hard foods like bread rolls or crispbread . Very acidic, spicy or salty foods can also be unpleasant, as can fizzy drinks or alcohol. But you should still make sure that you dont eat too much of the same thing, or too little overall. Eating soups and soft foods can help to protect the mucous membranes. It’s also a good idea to let any food that you cook cool off enough or to eat cold meals.
If you think that certain foods or oral hygiene products are encouraging the development of canker sores, then try avoiding them. But there’s a lack of good research on whether a certain diet can delay the formation of new canker sores.
Mouth Ulcers That Won’t Heal
See your dentist or doctor if your mouth ulcers dont clear up within 2 weeks, or if you get them frequently.
Its important not to ignore an ulcer that you have had for more than 2 weeks, especially if you use tobacco products and drink alcohol regularly. This is because tobacco use and drinking alcohol increase your risk of mouth cancer.
Don’t Miss: Homeopathic Medicine For Ulcerative Colitis
What Are Mouth Ulcers
A mouth ulcer is the loss or erosion of part of the delicate tissue that lines the inside of the mouth .
There are many things that cause mouth ulcers. The most common cause is injury . Other causes include aphthous ulceration, certain medications, skin rashes in the mouth, viral, bacterial and fungal infections, chemicals and some medical conditions.
An ulcer that wont heal may be a sign of mouth cancer.
In most cases, mouth ulcers are harmless and resolve by themselves within 10 to 14 days without the need for treatment.
When Should I Be Concerned About Mouth Ulcers
Mainly, mouth ulcers take about 10:14 days to disappear and have certain symptoms, but if you see unpopular symptoms you have to be awarned and visit your doctor such as:
When mouth ulcers stand for more than 20 days.
When other new mouth ulcers appear before the old ones heal.
When they appear bigger than normal.
When you cant bear the pain or there is no pain.
When you found mouth ulcers extended to the outermost part of your lips.
Mouth ulcers accompanied by fever and diarrhea.
Mouth ulcers dont respond to remedy.
Don’t Miss: Cbd Oil For Stomach Ulcers
Licorice Root As Home Remedy For Mouth Ulcers
Licorice root helps in reducing pain and accelerate healing of mouth ulcers. Applying licorice root extract to mouth ulcers can reduce ulcer size and aids in speed healing.
Licorice extracts also help in killing bacteria and thus heals the ulcers fast.
How to use
- Take the root part of licorice, crush them well and soak in 2 to 3 cups of water
- Apply the solution on the ulcerated areas and rinse afterward
Note: Not recommended for a pregnant woman.
Check out Home remedies for throat infection
Apple Cider Vinegar Rinse
Another antibacterial household staple, apple cider vinegar, can be used in a rinse to help heal your canker sores.
Mix a teaspoon of the vinegar into a cup of water. Swish the solution around your mouth for up to a minute. Then spit and rinse your mouth thoroughly.
Keep in mind that an apple cider vinegar rinse may sting. If it causes pain, you may want to try a different remedy. In addition, vinegar is highly acidic and can damage tooth enamel, so it’s best to use this just once a day.
Recommended Reading: What Causes Mouth Ulcers On Gums
How Do You Tackle Vitamin B12 Deficiency In Order To Get Rid Of Mouth Ulcers
The main cause of vitamin B12 deficiency is our inability to absorb it from food, conditions like pernicious anaemia, dietary deficiency and post-surgical malabsorption. In some cases, however, the cause is unknown. You can take supplements to fight the deficiency. Make sure that your diet includes plenty of meat, poultry, seafood, dairy products and eggs. If you do not eat any animal products, you have to make sure that your diet includes plenty of vitamin B12-fortified cereals, nutritional yeast, fortified soy or plant milk or fortified mock meats made with wheat gluten or soybeans. Fighting B12 deficiency is part and parcel of remedy for mouth ulcers.
Can Mouth Ulcers Be Prevented
Mouth ulcers can reoccur, but you can reduce how often this happens by:
- Using a soft-bristled toothbrush to minimize soft-tissue irritation.
- Avoiding acidic, hot, or spicy foods.
- Avoiding biting or chewing your inner cheeks and lips.
Mouth ulcers can be an unpleasant experience. Fortunately, you can recover from these mouth sores with minimal to no treatment. At-home mouth ulcer remedies can help with pain relief. You can also purchase an over-the-counter, antibacterial mouthrinse or topical numbing gels, creams, or pastes. Use these remedies to encourage faster recovery and soothe irritation while you wait to heal.
You May Like: How To Treat A Diabetic Ulcer
Canker Sores: 25 Best Home Remedies For Mouth Ulcers
Mouth ulcers are annoying little blisters inside the mouth. They are also called Canker sores. Mouth ulcers are very common and dont take long to clear up, however, there is no quick fix. It takes about a week to heal and in sometimes take longer. However, eating soft food with less spice can be much less troublesome. They can come up anywhere either cheeks or gums or inside of the lips. They are uncomfortable to deal with and hurt while consuming food and, in some cases, also while talking. Home remedies are the best treatment for mouth ulcers. They are easily available at home and are harmless. It is very rare for mouth ulcers to be a sign of any serious health issue, however, if it comes frequently or does not heal even after 3-4 weeks of treatment, it is recommended to ask for professional assistance.
What are the Causes of Mouth Ulcers:
Common Symptoms of Mouth Ulcers:
Treatments For Aphthous Mouth Ulcers
There is no 1 magic cure for these canker sores that science and medicine knows of today. Maybe in time that will change, I hope so, but for now it is about managing the ulcer with treatments rather than treating to cure.
These management treatments can help ease pain and speed up the healing process.
A lot of people who suffer with canker sores find that avoiding certain types of food and drinks, particularly those with lots of acid, spice or salt content can help as these tend otherwise just to make the pain sensation feel worse as these ingredients aggravate the ulcer.
A top tip is to make use of a straw, to help deliver the liquid, particularity cool drinks to the back of the mouth, avoiding the zone of the mouth with the ulcer.
An absolute must for most is the use of a very soft bristled toothbrush. The more flexible bristles will sweep over the delicate area of the mouth with less likelihood of causing significant discomfort. Oral-B and Sonicare make soft bristled heads for their electric toothbrushes, whilst Curaprox set the standard in my opinion with their ultra soft manual toothbrush, which .
If you believe medication is likely the cause, speak to your doctor to consider changing the medication and approach.
There are too a number of home remedies available, I outline some of these later in this post, should you be keen to try these.
Also Check: How To Heal Mouth Ulcers Fast
Who Can Get Mouth Ulcers
Anyone can get mouth ulcers, but women are more likely to develop mouth ulcers, especially while pregnant or during the menstrual cycle. While children can develop a mouth ulcer, most people develop them for the first time as a teenager or young adult.
People being treated with chemotherapy may develop mouth ulcers. It can range from some sores to severe inflammation, bleeding, and ulceration called mucositis.
Early Symptoms Of Hiv
The first few weeks after someone contracts HIV is called the acute infection stage.
During this time, the virus reproduces rapidly. The persons immune system responds by producing HIV antibodies, which are proteins that take measures to respond against infection.
During this stage, some people have no symptoms at first. However, many people experience symptoms in the first month or so after contracting the virus, but they often dont realize HIV causes those symptoms.
This is because symptoms of the acute stage can be very similar to those of the flu or other seasonal viruses, such as:
- they may be mild to severe
- they may come and go
- they may last anywhere from a few days to several weeks
Early symptoms of HIV can include:
- upset stomach
Because these symptoms are similar to common illnesses like the flu, the person who has them might not think they need to see a healthcare provider.
Whether a person has symptoms or not, during this period their viral load is very high. The viral load is the amount of HIV found in the bloodstream.
A high viral load means that HIV can be easily transmitted to someone else during this time.
Initial HIV symptoms usually resolve within a few months as the person enters the chronic, or clinical latency, stage of HIV. This stage can last many years or even decades with treatment.
You May Like: Does Ulcer Pain Come And Go