Signs Of Hiv In Mouth And Oral Problems Related To This Disease
Posted By Claudia on Jul 20, 2021 |
Its sad to think that HIV infection has become one of the most prominent diseases in the world, mainly for the reason that it can be prevented with discipline and proper knowledge. Signs of HIV in mouth include thrush, dry mouth, mouth sores, and gingivitis. A trusted dentist can advise you to practice proper oral hygiene, but if the root cause is HIV, addressing the main reason would be the best solution. Talk to your healthcare provider if you are exhibiting symptoms far worse than oral health problems.
Complications Of Dry Mouth
If you are living with HIV, and you dont have enough saliva and develop a dry mouth, you have an increased risk to develop mouth infections with:
- Increased plaque, tooth decay, and gum disease
- Mouth sores
- Yeast infection in your mouth
- Sores or split skin at the corners of your mouth or cracked lips
- Poor nutrition from having trouble chewing and swallowing
What Are Hiv Mouth Sores
Mouth sores are one of the most common symptoms of human immunodeficiency virus . This symptom is more likely to occur at later stages of infection, including symptomatic HIV infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome . It can also be a symptom of an infection developed as a result of HIV weakening the immune system or a side effect from antiretroviral therapy. In many cases, HIV mouth sores can be treated.
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Symptoms Of Acute Hiv Infection
Many people develop symptoms of acute HIV infection two to four weeks after contracting HIV. Symptoms can last for several weeks and are similar to other viral infections such as flu. Signs and symptoms can include the following, starting with the most common:
- Sore throat
Some HIV-infected people do not have any symptoms, or may have symptoms that are mild and not particularly troublesome.
All these symptoms can also be caused by other illnesses. If a person has symptoms following potential exposure to HIV, they should be tested for HIV as soon as possible. People concerned that they may be experiencing symptoms of acute HIV can also use the free Ada app to carry out a symptom assessment.
Who Is At Risk Of Acute Hiv Infection
HIV can affect people of any age, sexual orientation or race, in any part of the world. However, certain groups of people are more at risk of contracting HIV than others. These can include people who:
- Have unprotected sex, particularly anal sex, with multiple partners
- when injecting substances
HIV can be spread in the following ways:
- Contact with infected blood
- Contact with infected vaginal and/or rectal fluids
- From mother to child during pregnancy or birth if the pregnant woman has HIV
- Less commonly, during breastfeeding if the breastfeeding woman has HIV and is not on antiretroviral treatment
- Sharing needles, syringes or drug preparation equipment with someone who has HIV
Other physical contact, such as hand-holding, kissing or hugging, does not transfer HIV..
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Hiv Mouth Sores Singapore
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Mouth sores, along with sores in the esophagus and on the genitals or anus, are common manifestations of the early phase of HIV infection. If you have these and other HIV symptoms, you should get an HIV test. The test can miss a very early HIV infection, so you may also need a follow-up test.
Mouth sores are one of the common manifestations of acute HIV infection. This is the phase of the infection that begins 2 to 4 weeks after exposure. Although some people dont have any symptoms during this time, others do have a variety of different symptoms. In addition to sores in the mouth, there may also be sores on the genitals or the anus. People with acute HIV infection may also have sores in the esophagus, which is the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach. Although these arent easily seen, they may cause pain or discomfort when swallowing.
Oral sores can also be a result of other causes. Many people mistakenly believe that their mouth ulcers are cold sores, which are the result of a common infection with a virus that can recur many times throughout life. Others may believe that their oral ulcers occurred because they accidentally bit their cheek, lip, or tongue, or that a piece of sharp or hot food caused the mouth sores.
Oral Health And Tobacco
Tobacco use is a primary cause of several oral diseases and conditions. People who use tobacco, whether they smoke it , use smokeless tobacco products or use e-cigarettes , are more likely to develop oral cancer, throat cancer, and gum problems . In fact, in the US, smoking is the single biggest risk factor for non-AIDS defining cancers among people living with HIV. In people living with HIV, smoking affects their risk of developing cancer more than if they have a low CD4 count, a non-suppressed viral load, hepatitis C, or an AIDS diagnosis.
Tobacco use commonly causes tooth decay, discoloration of your teeth , and bad breath. Using tobacco also weakens the immune system’s response to infections in your mouth. As a result, you will be more likely to get infections in your mouth and these infections will heal more slowly. Since the immune system of people living with HIV is already weakened, it is important not to further weaken it by using tobacco products. If you use tobacco, talk to your health care provider about how to stop smoking or chewing. For more information and help with stopping smoking, see our article on Smoking and Tobacco Use.
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A Sexually Transmitted Infection
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If you have a sexually transmitted infection , there is a chance you may have HIV as well. The odds may be greater than you think.
Some STIs like syphilis and herpes cause open sores that make it easier for HIV to enter the body. Others like gonorrhea and chlamydia cause inflammation in the genitals that attracts the very immune cells that HIV likes to target and infect.
Having syphilis can increase your risk of HIV by as much as 500%. Other STIs can do the same. Because of this, you should be tested for HIV if you test positive for any STI.
When Should I See My Healthcare Provider
Anyone can develop mouth ulcers. But you should call your healthcare provider if you have:
- Ulcers that last for three weeks or longer.
- New ulcers that appear before the old ones heal.
- Mouth ulcers that affect the outer part of your lips.
- Pain that doesnt improve with medication.
- Unusually large mouth ulcers.
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Oral Conditions Of Hiv Disease
It’s estimated that 90% of people with HIV will develop at least one oral condition related to HIV disease. These conditions, like candidiasis and hairy leukoplakia, may be the first sign of immune suppression linked to HIV infection and in many people are the first signals that lead doctors to encourage HIV testing. Most show up as lesions or sores and can be categorized into four types: abnormal cell growth, bacterial, viral and fungal.
The most common oral conditions of HIV infection are discussed below, but many others exist. In fact, at least 40 conditions have been recorded, so it’s important to pay attention to changes in your oral health.
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of Aids
Having an infection with the HIV virus does not automatically mean that the patient has AIDS. As the HIV virus infects more and more CD4 cells and makes more copies of itself, the patients immune system gets overwhelmed and begins to falter. When the immune system breaks down due to HIV infection, opportunistic infections like fungal infections, pneumonias, and cancers can occur. When this level of HIV infection occurs, it is called AIDS .
Some of the signs and symptoms of progression of HIV to AIDS are:
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Herpes Simplex Or Cold Sores
Fighting off infections and viruses is more difficult for a person with HIV. One of the most common viruses that people have is herpes simplex, or oral herpes. Oral herpes usually appears as red sores in the mouth.
Anyone can get oral herpes, but in someone with HIV or a weakened immune system, oral herpes may be more severe and last longer.
Treatment: Oral herpes is treatable with medication. A healthcare provider will likely prescribe acyclovir, an antiviral treatment. This medication helps reduce new outbreaks.
Continue to take any prescription medications until a healthcare provider indicates otherwise.
Contagious? Yes. People with herpes may want to avoid sharing foods.
Oral Problems Are Common
Oral problems can be very common in people living with HIV. Oral health can often be an indicator of overall health. Therefore, if HIV weakens your immune system, you may be at greater risk for gum problems , mouth infections, and sores. Often, the best way to prevent and treat problems in the mouth is to treat HIV by taking HIV drugs so that you stay as healthy as possible overall.
Oral problems can cause discomfort and embarrassment and affect how you feel about yourself. Oral problems can also lead to trouble with eating and speaking. If mouth pain or tenderness makes it difficult to chew and swallow, or if you cannot taste as well as you used to, you may not eat the food you need to stay well. It is important to see your dentist or health care provider as soon as possible if you notice any changes in your mouth.
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Treatment Of Acute Hiv Infection
Acute HIV infection is treated with antiretroviral drugs , which are drugs specially designed to treat retroviruses. People with HIV are prescribed a combination of antiretroviral drugs, which together are known as antiretroviral therapy .
Antiretroviral therapy reduces the amount of virus in the body. It does not cure HIV infection, but, taken correctly, it can slow progression of the condition from one stage to the next. For example, one recent study showed that a person diagnosed at age 20 who has appropriate treatment now has a life expectancy very close to that of a person without HIV.
Antiretroviral therapy should be started as soon as possible after diagnosis. It is very important to take antiretroviral medication correctly. Missing doses or stopping and restarting treatment can lead to drug resistance, which can reduce future treatment options.
Side-effects of ART may lead some people to consider stopping their medication. However, the long-term benefits of ART exceed the difficulties posed by some side-effects. It is very important not to stop taking ART without speaking with a doctor, who may be able to prescribe a more comfortable combination of antiretroviral drugs. More recent developments in ART mean that intolerable side-effects are fewer than in the past.
Side-effects associated with taking antiretroviral drugs include:
Are Hiv Mouth Sores Painful
Mouth sores during HIV can become painful, making chewing and swallowing quite tedious for the patients. Canker sores occur inside lips and cheeks and around the tongue and can be painful, but they arent contagious. Candidiasis or thrush leads to patches inside the mouth that are not only sore but may also bleed.
Oral herpes is usually caused by HSV in patients with HIV. The sores may be clear, pink, red, or yellow and are highly contagious. These are immensely painful, and some forms of these sores are entirely resistant to treatment.
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How Are Mouth Ulcers Treated
While most mouth ulcers heal on their own, topical treatments may be prescribed to ease discomfort and reduce the risk of complications. Common mouth ulcer treatments include antiseptic gels, steroid ointments or medicated mouth rinses. In severe cases, your healthcare provider may prescribe immunosuppressants.
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Currently, approximately 1.2 million Americans have HIV and around 13% are unaware they have it. In more recent years the U.S. has made strides in decreasing annual infections which have reduced by more than two-thirds since the height of the epidemic in the mid-1980s. Nonetheless, early detection of HIV is detrimental in preventing progression and transmission.
While it is understood that human immunodeficiency virus attacks the immune system, the virus can severely impact every part of the body and increase the risk for developing oral health problems. HIV is contracted primarily through sexual contact or through the use of a contaminated needle. The virus attacks CD4 cells, which are a specific type of T cell. T cells are crucial to fighting infection.
Symptoms are not enough to diagnose infection with HIV. Individuals who have come into contact with HIV should get tested. There is currently no cure for HIV infection, but there are medications that help to control it. However, Moderna, the company that developed one of the COVID-19 vaccines, has recently launched an experimental HIV vaccine trial that uses its mRNA technology.
- Stage 1: Acute HIV infection
- Stage 2: Chronic HIV infection
- Stage 3: AIDS
Individuals may experience the following signs or symptoms:
- Dry mouth
- Gum disease
- Canker sores
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What Are Mouth Ulcers
Mouth ulcers, also known as canker sores or aphthous ulcers, are small but painful lesions inside the mouth.
These lesions may make eating, drinking, and talking uncomfortable. They are not contagious and usually heal within a few days to a week.
Mouth ulcers may develop after an accidental injury to the soft tissue lining in the mouth. However, other mouth ulcers may appear naturally.
In addition, people with a known family history of canker sores are more susceptible to developing mouth ulcers.
Mouth ulcers are self-healing. If the sore increases in size and becomes more painful, you may need immediate medical attention. If an ulcer does not go away on its own, it might be a sign of mouth cancer.1
What Are The Symptoms Of A Mouth Ulcer
Mouth ulcers are easy to spot. They usually appear as sores on your lips, gums, tongue, inner cheeks or roof of the mouth. While red around the edges, mouth ulcers are typically white, yellow or gray in the center. You may only develop one ulcer, or there might be more. Other symptoms could include:
- Swelling around the ulcer.
- Increased soreness when brushing your teeth.
- Pain that worsens when eating spicy, salty or sour foods.
Accompanying Symptoms Of Mouth Ulcers
Symptoms of mouth ulcers vary. However, the primary sign that indicates a mouth ulcer is a red or white sore in the mouth. The sore might become painful, especially when eating or drinking.
Canker sores may also lead to swelling of the skin around them, especially when they are on the lining of the cheeks.
In addition, since most foods and drinks can make mouth sores painful, loss of appetite is common.
Because mouth ulcers usually disappear within a short time, you might not experience the symptoms discussed above. However, the symptoms may worsen during times of stress, sickness, or severe exhaustion.
Sometimes, mouth ulcers will be accompanied by mild fever symptoms. If this happens, further medical assistance is necessary.
What Are The Symptoms Of Hiv That Appear In The Mouth
What are the symptoms of HIV that appear in the mouth and why is it important for you to recognize them?
Many oral manifestations are the first symptoms of the disease, therefore, it is very important to pay special attention to them.
Multiple HIV positive patients have mouth lesions associated with their underlying pathology. These tend to appear in an exacerbated manner, lasting longer, larger, more frequently and more difficult to treat than in cases without HIV.
The presence of lesions in the mouth will affect the quality of life of the patient. They can hurt, bleed, ooze, and disturb chewing, swallowing, and speaking. Thus, the person will see her diet and taking medications compromised.
Herpes simplex, warts, hairy leukoplakia, and candidiasis are usually the most common mouth infections. Canker sores, gingivitis, and dry mouth are also common complaints in these patients.
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Symptoms Of Dry Mouth
If youre not producing enough saliva, you may notice these signs and symptoms all or most of the time:
- Dryness or a feeling of stickiness in your mouth
- Saliva that seems thick and stringy
- Bad breath
- Difficulty chewing, speaking, and swallowing
- Dry or sore throat and hoarseness
- Dry or grooved tongue
- A changed sense of taste
- Problems wearing dentures
In addition, dry mouth may result in lipstick sticking to the teeth.
Hiv Mouth Sores Treatment
There are multiple ways that doctors can treat HIV mouth sores or oral infections related to HIV. Fungal or bacterial infections such as candidiasis or thrush are treatable with pills or mouth creams. Canker sores and other mild forms of mouth sores can be treated using OTC pills, but in certain severe cases, corticosteroid mouthwash may be prescribed by the doctor.
Acute mouth sores such as warts inside or around the mouth may require removal through surgical procedures like cryotherapy. In cryotherapy, the wart is frozen before being removed. A much more serious case of mouth sores or oral health problems may require aggressive treatment to attack the infection rather than simply treating the symptoms.
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