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Ulcers In Esophagus And Stomach

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Nsaid Drugs And Stomach Ulcers

Stomach Ulcer | Nucleus Health

A group of painkillers known as NSAIDs carries a risk of stomach ulcers. The two best-known NSAIDs are aspirin and ibuprofen.

The risk of ulcers increases if the drugs are taken in high doses, or regularly for a long time.

Stronger NSAIDs, such as those that need a prescription, are riskier for stomach ulcers than those that can be bought over-the-counter .

People should always check labels and talk to a pharmacist or a doctor about any concerns with using painkillers. They may recommend an alternative such as acetaminophen.

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What Questions Should I Ask My Doctor

If you have stomach ulcers, you may want to ask your doctor:

  • What pain reliever can I use instead of an NSAID?
  • How will I know if the H. pylori infection is gone?
  • How do we find out if the ulcer has healed?
  • What can I do relieve symptoms at home during treatment?

A note from Cleveland Clinic

Contrary to commonly held beliefs, ulcers arent caused by stress or foods you eat. Most of time, bacteria causes them. Doctors can treat the bacteria with antibiotics and other medications.

If youve been popping a lot of antacids lately, youre constantly snacking to get rid of a gnawing pain in your stomach or you have any other signs of an ulcer, the best thing you can do for your health is talk to your provider. Treatment can heal an ulcer in a matter of weeks.

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What Causes Stomach Ulcers

Stomach ulcers occur when the layer that protects the stomach lining from stomach acid breaks down, which allows the stomach lining to become damaged.

This is usually a result of:

It used to be thought that stress or certain foods might cause stomach ulcers, but theres little evidence to suggest this is the case.

Read more about the causes of stomach ulcers.

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What Causes Esophageal Ulcers

The most common cause of esophageal ulcers is a bacterial infection called Helicobacter pylori , which damages the lining of the esophagus. Patients with gastroesophageal disease are also at greater risk for the development of esophageal ulcers.

Additional medical and lifestyle factors that may contribute to the development of esophageal ulcers include:

  • Certain medications such as potassium
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Frequent use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , such as ibuprofen
  • Other bacterial, fungal, or viral infections, especially in people with compromised immune systems

Stress and spicy foods do not cause ulcers as previously thought, but they may aggravate an existing ulcer.

What Is Eosinophilic Esophagitis

Esophagus Ulcer Affected. Ulcer Of Esophagus Stock Vector ...

Eosinophilic esophagitis is an inflammatory condition of the esophagus that affects both children and adults, and men more than women.Eosinophilic gastroenteritis may be due allergy to an as yet unknown food allergen.The major symptom in adults with eosinophilic esophagitis is dysphagia for solid food.

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Inflammation Of The Stomach

Inflammation of the stomach, sometimes known by the medical term of gastritis, is a medical condition with a variety of causes. Some surgeries, particularly weight loss surgeries, can cause inflammation, along with drinking too much alcohol, taking certain medications such as over the counter pain relievers, and bacterial infections. Even having too much stress in ones life can increase the chance of developing an inflamed stomach, perhaps due to the reduction in immune defenses that which leaves the stomach open to infection.

Sometimes, inflammation of the stomach can occur without symptoms, but more likely severe abdominal pain is the first sign of this inflammation for many people. This pain usually occurs in the upper central abdomen, but can actually occur anywhere in the abdomen, and may take many different forms, from a burning pain, to a sharp, stabbing feeling. Many other symptoms can occur, including nausea and vomiting, to the point that vomit may even include blood, bloating, burping that does not make the pain go away, loss of appetite, feeling full quickly, and dangerous weight loss.

If you suffer from stomach inflammation, you can get more information here. at to learn more about curing inflammation safely and quickly using healthy, natural remedies.

What To Eat When You Have An Ulcer

If you have an ulcer, eating can often be a bit of a challenge. Ulcers can cause meal time to be painful if its a gastric ulcer, or can result in pain hours after eating if its an ulcer located in the duodenum. If you have one, you may be wondering what to eat when you have an ulcer. Here are a few tips and tricks that may make meal time a little less painful while your ulcer heals.

1. No matter what you eat, make sure you do so in small portions. Large meals will overwhelm your already sensitive stomach, and can even result in an overproduction of acid, which will exacerbate an existing ulcer. So, rather than eating a few large meals every day go for smaller more frequent ones. That helps your bodys digestive system and makes the healing process go more smoothly.

2. Focus on easily digestible foods, like whole grain seedless breads, certain low acid fruits and vegetables, low fat dairy products , lean meats, fish and creamed nuts .

3. Above all, focus on maintaining a balanced diet. Providing your body with the proper nutrition will help it heal much faster.

4. Avoid the following foods if you have an ulcer: Vegetables like onions and tomatoes, anything high in acid breads that are high in fat like croissants high acid fruits, like grapefruit, oranges, lemons, and citrus juices whole milk products and creams highly seasoned meats, poultry and fish deli meats sardines fried foods nuts gravy and high fat desserts, like cakes, cookies, pastries and donuts.

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What Causes Bile Reflux

Bile reflux is most commonly caused by a problem with the pyloric valve thats supposed to keep bile from escaping into your stomach. This might be a result of:

  • Surgery, especially stomach surgery and gallbladder removal surgery.
  • Obstruction of the pyloric valve by a duodenal ulcer or scar tissue.
  • Impaired motility, delaying the functioning of the pyloric valve and the downward flow of bile.

When Should You Call Or See A Doctor

Med Talk, Health Talk: Stomach ulcer

If you think you have a stomach ulcer, call your doctor. Together you can discuss your symptoms and treatment options. If you dont already have a physician, you can use the Healthline FindCare tool to find a provider near you.

Its important to get a stomach ulcer taken care of because without treatment, ulcers and H. pylori can cause:

  • bleeding from the ulcer site that can become life-threatening
  • penetration, which occurs when the ulcer goes through the wall of the digestive tract and into another organ, such as the pancreas
  • perforation, which occurs when the ulcer creates a hole in the wall of the digestive tract
  • obstruction in the digestive tract, which is due to swelling of inflamed tissues
  • stomach cancer, specifically

Symptoms of these complications can include those listed below. If you have any of these symptoms, be sure to call you doctor right away:

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Would Foods/drink Should I Avoid

Certain foods and drinks pose a high risk when it comes to acid reflux. Its important you learn how to avoid your triggers and narrow down the exact cause of your symptoms.

Foods to avoid include:

  • High fat foods avoid fatty and fried foods these can cause the LES to relax, meaning that more stomach acid builds up into the oesophagus.
  • Spicy foods some studies say that spicy foods can trigger abdominal pain. However, the evidence of this is mixed. When consuming spices, be aware of your own spice tolerance.
  • Chocolate chocolate contains caffeine which can cause acid reflux. Chocolate is also high in cocoa, which also triggers reflux.
  • Coffee this popular beverage can trigger acid reflux as it relaxes the sphincter muscle between the oesophagus and the stomach that normally prevents acid from regurgitating. So if youre a coffee fan and suffer from acid reflux, it could be a good idea to cut back on how many cups you drink.
  • Alcohol alcoholic beverages can increase stomach acid production, worsening acid reflux.

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Enhancing Healthcare Team Outcomes

The management of an esophageal ulcer is with an interprofessional team that consists of a thoracic surgeon, gastroenterologist, radiologist, and an internist. Treatment of esophageal ulcers secondary to GERD is aimed at acid suppression, controlling acid secretion, promoting peristalsis and mucosal wall healing.

Treatment of drug-induced esophageal ulcer includes discontinuation of the offending medications and administering proton pump inhibitors. Antituberculous medications with Isoniazid, rifampicin, ethambutol, and pyrazinamide for 6 to 9 months can be used for esophageal ulcers caused by tuberculosis.

Antimicrobial agents are used for treating mucosal damage caused by infectious esophagitis. Infection caused by cytomegalovirus is treated with ganciclovir whereas fluconazole is the preferred choice in the treatment of esophageal candidiasis.

Finally, severe cases of esophageal injury are managed by intubation with a nasogastric tube, administration of intravenous fluids, chemoprophylaxis with antibiotics, pain relief with analgesics and treating the ulcer with H2 receptor antagonists and PPIs. The prognosis for patients with esophageal ulcer depends on the immune status, comorbidity, age, and cause. For those who comply with treatment, the prognosis is good.

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Irritated Esophagus From Drinking

Sometimes, you can have an irritated esophagus from drinking certain beverages, like coffee or alcohol.

Coffee increases stomach acid, and alcohol is known to irritate the mucosal lining throughout your gastrointestinal tract, so they should both be avoided, especially if you have acid reflux.

Another reason to cut back on coffee is that when you drink it hot, the hot temperature can damage the lining of your esophagus. The same thing goes for hot tea, hot chocolate or even very hot soup.

The results of a research review published in the June 2015 issue of âBMC Cancerâ found that people who drink very hot beverages have a greater risk of esophageal cancer than those consuming warm beverages. Researchers suspect its due to damage to the cells that line the esophagus.

If you have an irritated esophagus from drinking, try cutting back on coffee, hot tea, hot chocolate and all alcoholic beverages for a few weeks.

The best drink for esophagitis is something plain and non-acidic, like water. Chances are, youll feel better and your inflamed esophagus will have a chance to heal.

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What Are The Best Foods To Eat When You Have A Stomach Ulcer

Esophagus Ulcer Affected. Ulcer of Esophagus. Stomach Ulcer Affected ...

Research shows that honey is not only beneficial for smooth skin and healing wounds but the effects of honey are also seen on the open pores of the stomach lining. Picture: Pexels/Monstera

So imagine how much more difficult it would be if you had a stomach condition that prevents you from eating the foods you like.

For those of you who have stomach ulcers, choosing what foods to eat can be especially tricky.

So we did our research and below are some of the foods that will aid in the protection and repair of your stomach lining.


The medicinal benefits of honey have been known for years. Research shows that honey is not only beneficial for smooth skin and healing wounds, but the effects of honey are also seen on the open pores of the stomach lining.

Honey is beneficial in relieving a stomach ulcer. You can consume a tablespoon of honey every morning or add it to your breakfast toast or smoothies.

Cayenne pepper

You think spicy cayenne pepper would irritate ulcers but interestingly, health experts reveal that it actually soothes them. Add ¼ teaspoon cayenne pepper to a glass of water and drink after meals or take cayenne pepper tablets.


A staple breakfast item or mid-afternoon snack, experts also reveal that this protein powerhouse has good bacteria that help reduce inflammation, prevent bacterial infection in your stomach, improve digestive tract health, and increase the production of antibodies that fight bacteria and viruses.

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When To Seek Medical Advice

You should visit your GP if you think you may have a stomach ulcer.

Contact your GP or NHS 111 immediately if:

  • you are passing dark, sticky, tar-like stools
  • you have a sudden, sharp pain in your tummy that gets steadily worse

Go to your nearest accident and emergency department or call 999 if:

  • you are vomiting blood the blood can appear bright red or have a dark brown, grainy appearance, similar to coffee grounds

These could be a sign of a serious complication, such as internal bleeding.

How Is Esophageal Perforation Treated

Your doctor must treat a perforation as quickly as possible to prevent infection. The earlier you get treatment, the better your outcome will be. Ideally, you should receive treatment within 24 hours of diagnosis.

The fluid that leaks out of the hole in your esophagus can become trapped in the tissue between your lungs. This area is called the mediastinum. Its located behind your breastbone. The accumulation of fluid there can cause breathing difficulties and lung infections.

A permanent stricture, or narrowing of the esophagus, can develop if your esophageal perforation isnt treated right away. This condition can make swallowing and breathing more difficult.

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What Foods And Drinks Cause Heartburn

  • Alcohol: Alcohol can relax the lower esophageal sphincter.
  • Coffee and orange or other acidic juices are some of the beverages that can worse or trigger heartburn.
  • Fatty foods, fried foods, and some acidic foods as well as spicy foods can cause heartburn.
  • Additional foods that make heartburn worse.

Every person reacts somewhat differently to specific food groups. To track what foods worsen your symptoms, keep a food journal. In this journal, you should keep track of what you eat, the time you ate, any activity that worsened or made the heartburn better, and indicate which days you have heartburn symptoms. Over time, you will be able to correlate the offending foods with heartburn events. Print this and take this with you to your next doctors appointment to discuss possible causes of heartburn you may be experiencing.

Heartburn Journal Week of________________

Pregnancy tends to aggravate heartburn because the lower esophageal sphincter is weakened during pregnancy. This weakened resolves after delivery of the baby. Pregnancy also distorts the organs in the abdomen and the increased abdominal pressure from the growing fetus causes heartburn. These changes promote the reflux of acid and heartburn.

Approximately 17% to 45% of women who become pregnant will suffer from heartburn.

Management of heartburn during pregnancy consists of many of the same home remedies and lifestyle changes for a person with heartburn who is not pregnant .

What Is Esophageal Ulcer

Oesophagus & Stomach â Abdomen | Lecturio

Esophagus, commonly known as the food pipe is the organ through which the food passes from the pharynx to the stomach. The walls of the esophagus mucosa which secrete mucus help in the smooth flow of food through the pipe. These walls might get irritated or eroded by the series of acid secreted by the stomach walls. There are circumstances when the stomach acid may enter into the lower part of the esophagus, thus damaging the walls there. Rapid forceful contraction of the stomach walls can also pull back the acidic stomach contents to the esophagus. This might result in the formation of an esophageal ulcer. As the condition of inflammation progresses, this can result into fibrosis and stricture formation. This subsequently narrows down the walls of esophagus which makes the movement of food through the esophagus very difficult. Based on the causative factor of the esophageal tissue damage and esophagitis , it might lead to esophageal cancer if the condition worsens.

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Holistic Dietary Strategies For Gerd

A comprehensive GERD treatment plan needs to consider additional factors beyond basic dietary changes.

For many people with digestive issues, restoring balance to the bacterial flora in the intestines may be beneficial. Eating fermented and prebiotic foods might also help achieve this.

People call the bacteria in fermented foods probiotics. They digestive issues by supporting a healthy balance of microorganisms in the gut. Prebiotics are foods rich in fibers that grow beneficial bacteria selectively.

Foods that naturally contain probiotics include:

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What To Eat If You Have A Stomach Ulcer

Since H. pylori bacteria is now known to be an important cause of ulcer formation, scientists are exploring what foods may have a role in fighting against an infection.

In addition to taking the antibiotics and acid-blocking medications recommended by your doctor for your ulcer treatment, eating these foods may also be helpful against the ulcer-causing bacteria:

for ulcer treatment. These foods, such as miso, sauerkraut, and kimchi, may prevent reinfection.

Turmeric is currently being studied as a potential treatment for ulcers as well.

Garlic, decaffeinated green tea, and licorice round out the list of things you might want to incorporate in your diet.

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What Causes A Peptic Ulcer

Causes of peptic ulcers include

Sometimes peptic ulcers are caused by both NSAIDs and H. pylori.

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