Living With Uc: Probiotics
Probiotics consist of bacteria that confer a health benefit on the person who ingests them. In general, they are bacteria that are normally found in the human intestine. Probiotics have beneficial effects in several medical conditions. Studies have shown that probiotics help people with ulcerative colitis maintain their remissions. Probiotics are found in yogurts and some other foods, but the probiotics that have been studied and found to be effective are sold separately as supplements and are not food products. The effects of probiotics vary greatly and depend on the exact bacteria that are present. Therefore, it is likely that many probiotics that are sold have no beneficial effect, and, therefore, the one that is used for treatment needs to be chosen carefully on the basis of scientific studies.
What Foods Soothe A Peptic Ulcer
High-fiber foods and those high in vitamin A may help soothe a persons stomach. Some examples include oats, barley, apples, and sweet potatoes.
- Levenstein, S., et al. . Psychological stress increases risk for peptic ulcer, regardless of Helicobacter pylori infection or use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs .
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How Do You Know If You Have An Ulcer From Stress
The most common symptom is a burning sensation or pain in the middle of your abdomen between your chest and belly button. Typically, the pain will be more intense when your stomach is empty, and it can last for a few minutes to several hours. Other common signs and symptoms of ulcers include: dull pain in the stomach.
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Finding Blood In Your Urine Can Be A Stressful Experience Heres Why It Happens And What You Should Do
There are many different reasons why this happens, but its important not to panic.
Finding blood in your urine does not automatically signal a life-threatening disease, but normally, healthy urine should not contain any detectable amounts of blood. Its important to contact your general practitioner if you notice bright red blood in your urine or if your urine has turned red or brown because it has blood in it.
What Causes Ulcerative Colitis
Experts dont know what causes ulcerative colitis.
It may be that a virus or bacteria affect the bodys infection-fighting system . The immune system may create abnormal redness and swelling in the intestinal wall that does not go away.
Many people with ulcerative colitis have abnormal immune systems. But experts dont know if immune problems cause the disease. They also dont know if ulcerative colitis may cause immune problems.
Having stress or being sensitive to some foods does not seem to cause ulcerative colitis.
Right now there is no cure except for surgery to remove the colon.
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Living With Uc: Supplements
The bleeding caused by ulcerative colitis may lead to iron deficiency anemia due to the loss of the bodys store of iron in the red blood cells that are lost into the colon. Iron supplementation may be necessary. Medications used to treat ulcerative colitis may reduce the absorption of nutrients such as folic acid and calcium. Supplements of vitamins and minerals may be necessary.
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Antibiotic And Combination Drug Regimens For The Treatment Of H Pylori
The established treatment for H pylori infection is a combination of antibiotics plus a PPI. Current standard therapy includes three medicines, two antibiotics plus a PPI, called triple therapy. Quadruple therapy refers to four medicines, in various combinations. For any of these regimens, the medicines may be taken in stages, one after another. This is called sequential therapy. Medicines may also be taken at the same time. This is called concomitant therapy. Due to the growing resistance to certain antibiotics and areas where standard therapy cure rates are somewhat low, various combinations and timing of medications are now under study.
Reported cure rates for H pylori range from 70% to 90% after triple therapy regimen treatment. Eradication rates are higher for when bismuth subsalicylate is added to the regimen. The standard treatment regimen uses two antibiotics and a PPI:
Patients typically take combination treatment for 10 to 14 days. A 7-day regimen is another option, but some research suggests that 14 days of therapy with antibiotics and PPIs is more effective at eradicating H pylori. When quadruple therapy is taken at the same time , cure rates appear similar to when the medicines are taken sequentially.
Combination products are available.
Follow-up testing to check that the bacteria have been eliminated should be done no sooner than 4 weeks after therapy is completed. Test results before that time may not be accurate.
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Seattle Children’s Urgent Care Locations
If your childs illness or injury is life-threatening, call 911.
Treatment for a Bladder Infection
Prevention of Bladder Infections in Girls
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Causes Of Blood In Urine
Blood in your pee could come from anywhere in the urinary tract the bladder, kidneys or urethra .
If you have other symptoms, this might give you an idea of the cause. But do not self-diagnose. See a GP if you think it’s blood in your pee.
|Other symptoms||Possible cause|
|Burning pain when peeing, need to pee often, smelly or cloudy pee, high temperature, pain in sides or lower back|
Stomach Cancer And Other Conditions Associated With H Pylori
H pylori is strongly associated with certain cancers. Some studies have also linked it to a number of non-gastrointestinal illnesses, although the evidence is inconsistent.
Stomach cancer, also called gastric cancer, is the third leading cause of cancer death worldwide. In developing countries, where the rate of H pylori is very high, the risk of stomach cancer is six times higher than in the United States. Evidence now suggests that H pylori may be as carcinogenic to the stomach as cigarette smoke is to the lungs.
Infection with H pylori promotes a precancerous condition called atrophic gastritis. The process most likely starts in childhood. It may lead to cancer through the following steps:
- The stomach becomes chronically inflamed and loses patches of glands that secrete protein and acid.
- New cells replace destroyed cells. But the new cells do not produce enough acid to protect against carcinogens.
- Over time, cancer cells may develop and multiply in the stomach.
Although the evidence is mixed, some research suggests that early elimination of H pylori may reduce the risk of stomach cancer to that of the general population. It is important to follow patients after treatment for a long period of time.
H pylori also is weakly associated with other non-intestinal disorders, including migraine headache, Raynaud disease , and skin disorders such as chronic hives.
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Can Peptic Ulcers Be Prevented
Regular use of NSAIDs can cause gastrointestinal problems and bleeding in some children. Acetaminophen does not cause stomach ulcers and is a good alternative to NSAIDs for most childhood conditions.
Alcohol and smoking can make an ulcer more likely. Help your child avoid coffee, tea, sodas, and foods that contain caffeine, which can increase acid in the stomach and may make an ulcer worse.
Will I Need A Procedure
In many cases, healthcare providers deliver GI bleed treatments during an endoscopy or colonoscopy. Tiny instruments at the tip of the endoscope or colonoscope make it possible to:
- Remove abnormal growths, such as colon polyps.
- Inject medications that help the body stop bleeding.
- Seal abnormal blood vessels with a tiny clip or band.
- Use low levels of a laser or a hot or cold gas to destroy the tissue causing the bleed.
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Protect Yourself And Others
The main way to prevent PSGN is to prevent group A strep infections like strep throat, scarlet fever, and impetigo. Getting a group A strep infection does not protect someone from getting it again in the future. There are no vaccines to prevent group A strep. However, there are things people can do to protect themselves and others.
Good hygiene helps prevent group A strep infections
The best way to keep from getting or spreading group A strep is to wash your hands often. This is especially important after coughing or sneezing and before preparing foods or eating. To prevent group A strep infections, you should:
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze.
- Put your used tissue in the waste basket.
- Cough or sneeze into your upper sleeve or elbow, not your hands, if you dont have a tissue.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
- Use an alcohol-based hand rub if soap and water are not available.
You should also wash glasses, utensils, and plates after someone who is sick uses them. These items are safe for others to use once washed.
Antibiotics help prevent spreading the infection to others
Prevent spreading group A strep infections to others. People with a group A strep infection should stay home from work, school, or daycare until they:
- No longer have a feverAND
- Have taken antibiotics for at least 12 hours
Other Causes Of Peptic Ulcers
Other potential causes of peptic ulcers include:
- Genetics: Many individuals with peptic ulcers have close relatives with the same problem, suggesting that genetic factors may be contributing.
- Smoking: People who regularly smoke tobacco
A persons description of symptoms will often cause a doctor to suspect a peptic ulcer during a routine exam.
Tests that can confirm a diagnosis include:
- a blood test to check for H. pylori, though a positive test does not always mean there is an active infection
- a breath test, which uses a radioactive carbon atom to detect H. pylori
- a stool antigen test to detect H. pylori in the feces
- an upper gastrointestinal X-ray to identify ulcers
The most common tool doctors use for diagnosis is EsophagoGastroDuodenoscopy or upper endoscopy. It involves inserting a tube through the mouth to look for the presence of an ulcer in the stomach and upper intestine.
If the test detects an ulcer, the doctor may take a biopsy for examination under a microscope. A biopsy can test for H. pylori and look for evidence of cancer. A person may need to repeat an endoscopy a few months later to determine whether the ulcer is healing.
Treatment will focus on either lowering stomach acid levels so that the ulcer can heal or eradicating the H. pylori infection. The following are common treatment methods a doctor may recommend:
A balanced diet filled with fruits and vegetables and lacking in intense spices and flavors may help a person feel better.
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Diagnosis Of A Stomach Ulcer
Diagnosing a stomach ulcer is done using a range of methods, including:
- Endoscopy a thin flexible tube is threaded down the oesophagus into the stomach under light anaesthesia. The endoscope is fitted with a small camera so the physician can see if there is an ulcer.
- Barium meal a chalky liquid is drunk and an x-ray is performed, showing the stomach lining. These tests are less common nowadays, but may be useful where endoscopy is unavailable.
- Biopsy a small tissue sample is taken during an endoscopy and tested in a laboratory. This biopsy should always be done if a gastric ulcer is found.
- C14 breath test this checks for the presence of H. pylori. The bacteria convert urea into carbon dioxide. The test involves swallowing an amount of radioactive carbon and testing the air exhaled from the lungs. A non-radioactive test can be used for children and pregnant women.
Red Flags For Swollen Stomach And Back Pain
Bloating causes a distended stomach when the abdomen fills up with gas or air. This discomforting sensation can also cause pain that may be felt in the back. Together, a swollen stomach and back pain can make you feel not only distressed but perhaps a bit self-conscious as well.
The two symptoms are tied together because the back provides support and stabilizes the body. However, abdominal bloating causes pressure and pain in the area which can spread to the back. The pain may vary in severity and type from sensations of dull throbbing to sharp and pinching pain.
When the two symptoms are experienced separately they are fairly common and not usually a cause for concern. But in instances where a bloating stomach pain is also accompanied by back pain, they could be indicative of a more serious condition. These should not be taken lightly as they can include the following:
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Medications For Ulcerative Colitis
Treatment of ulcerative colitis aims to reduce the inflammation in the colon. The inflammation-reducing drugs with the most extensive experience are the aminosalicylates, drugs that are related to aspirin. If aminosalicylates are ineffective, corticosteroids are used. A third type of drug that is used is immunomodulators, drugs that reduce the immune response and thereby the inflammation. It may take several weeks to months for the drugs to become maximally effective. Biologics like adalimumab and others target proteins produced by the immune system.
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Uc Treatments And Urinary Changes
Sometimes, UC treatments can affect urinary habits. Corticosteroids such as prednisolone may cause urinary changes in people with UC. This medication usually causes someone to pee less, but it can also cause someone to pee more often.
Several members have noticed this effect. Has anybody ever experienced frequent, urgent urination whilst on prednisolone? asked one member. I am definitely peeing more often, but the urgency at which I need to get to the bathroom to have a pee is a bit worrying. Another member mentioned that they had experienced this effect. When I take prednisone or budesonide, I urinate much more frequently, which is a known side effect of steroids.
Using high doses of steroids or using steroids for a long time can sometimes lead to problems with the adrenal glands small organs that make hormones to regulate many body processes. Frequent urination can be a sign of this issue. Other symptoms include dizziness, a fast heart rate, irregular heartbeats, blurry vision, or feelings of weakness. Tell your doctor if you notice these symptoms while taking steroids.
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Can Kidney Inflammation Cause Blood In Urine
Speaking of the progression of bladder infections, a kidney infection is a type of UTI that starts in your bladder. Your kidneys filter your blood and remove waste and excess water, which becomes urine.If you suspect you have kidney disease, see your physician as soon as possible. They will presumably want to put you on antibiotics. If your case is intense, you may need to go to hospital to receive IV antibiotics/fluids. Like a bladder infection, you dont want to wait for this: A kidney infection can permanently harm your kidneys, or in extreme cases, the bacteria can spread into your bloodstream and cause a life-threatening infection.
Ulcers With Other Causes
up to 90 percent of peptic ulcers are caused by H. pylori and NSAID use. But, a recent review in the Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention states that ulcers without H. pylori infection or NSAID use are increasing.
The study, which took place in Thailand, suggests that other factors, including alcohol, other infections, medications, or diseases, including stomach and intestinal cancer, may be to blame.
People with symptoms of a peptic ulcer may undergo a test known as an upper endoscopy. A doctor passes a lighted, flexible tube with a camera through the mouth and into the stomach. In some cases, it is possible to treat a bleeding ulcer during the endoscopy.
Doctors often treat ulcers with medications that block or reduce stomach acid. These medicines include:
- Proton pump inhibitors dexlansoprazole , esomeprazole , omeprazole , lansoprazole , pantoprazole , and rabeprazole .
- H2 blockers cimetidine , famotidine , and nizatidine .
People who take NSAIDs and who are diagnosed with a peptic ulcer may need to stop taking the NSAID.
When a doctor diagnoses a person with a H.pylori infection, they will prescribe antibiotics and other medicines to kill the bacteria. H. pylori is tricky to kill, so to ensure that the treatment is successful, a person must take all medicines as prescribed, even if they feel better.
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