Cooking And Ulcer Care
In general, you canÃ¢t go wrong with a healthy diet, but keep an eye on what aggravates your loved oneÃ¢s ulcer.
It used to be that doctors recommended the same diet for everyone with an ulcer: Avoid spicy foods and eat bland ones. But today doctors know that spicy foods do not cause an ulcer and bland diets do not necessarily help in ulcer treatment. So how do you prepare meals for a loved one with an ulcer?
While it is true that specific foods do not cause ulcers, they can make symptoms worse, says Carrie Folse, MD, a gastroenterologist at Saint Vincents Hospital in Birmingham, Ala. However, the exacerbation of foods is quite subjective, she says. Its hard to tell which food will aggravate symptoms in any one person.
So instead of past one diet fits all recommendations, doctors now offer more general guidelines. If your loved one notices a particular food causes a problem, just avoid that food and let the doctor know.
Cooking for the Ulcer Patient: Foods to Avoid
Sarah Boyd, RD, a registered dietitian in Richmond, Va., says that the following foods may cause discomfort for people with an ulcer:
- Meats with a high fat content
- High-fat condiments
These items may or may not be problematic and are based on the individuals personal tolerances, Boyd notes.
Cooking for the Ulcer Patient: Foods to Choose
Are They A Sign Of Oral Cancer
Can lip or oral cancer cause oral ulceration? Painless lip ulceration in flat cells on lip, formation of bumps in mouth that wont heal and persistent symptoms may be primary signs of a potentially dangerous oral condition.
Now, according to the Oral Health Foundation, cancer of the mouth can first appear as a mouth ulcer. They occur on lips, gums, palate, beneath the tongue and the symptoms usually last longer than what a mild lip ulcer should take to heal.
Therefore, cancer of the mouth can cause sores on your mouth. In many cases cancer of the mouth is usually linked to heavy smoking and drinking and HPV on the lips. These three appear to be the greater oral cancer risks. However, age, gender may be other factors that add up on the list of the risks.
Again, if you have a single ulcer anywhere in your mouth that lasts longer than three weeks, please see a dentist.
Bitten Cheek Or Bitten Tongue
A bitten cheek or tongue are both common mouth injuries that can happen during:
- a fall or collision
A bitten cheek or tongue can also be caused by misaligned teeth. Normally, your upper teeth stop you from biting your cheeks and your lower teeth protect your tongue. But a misalignment can cause accidental bites.
Symptoms of a bitten cheek or tongue include the following symptoms at the site of the bite:
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Is Treatment Always Necessary
If the symptoms are bearable, then treatment isnât needed. This is most likely the case for the more common minor canker sores: 85 out of 100 people who have canker sores have this type, which is the mildest. Minor canker sores are only a few millimeters wide, are painful for three to five days, and go away completely after about two weeks.
Canker Sores Vs Cold Sores
Both canker sores and cold sores are small, common, painful lesions that can cause a burning or tingling sensation. While they may look alike, their causes, symptoms, and treatments are different.
The herpes simplex virus causes cold sores, but doctors are still unsure of the exact cause of canker sores.
Typically, canker sores appear inside the mouth, while cold sores tend to appear on or around the mouth.
Cold sores are also contagious and require treatment to prevent the infection from spreading. Canker sores are not contagious and typically disappear on their own.
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Prevention Of Mouth Ulcers
Like it is always said, prevention means to seal the cause. So, avoiding the cause will simultaneously prevent the infection and a few such methods are:-
- Avoid food that you are sensitive to.
- Healthy eating habits to keep up your immunity.
- Dont talk while chewing food as you may accidentally bite or hurt yourself.
- Meditate to get rid of your stress and depression.
- Maintain proper dental hygiene and good breath.
- Make sure that your brushes and dental floss are not very harsh on you.
- Sleep for at least 7 hours a day. This will improve your mental health as well as your physical health.
Does Mouth Ulcer Medication Have Side Effects
Just like any other medication, mouth ulcer medications have side effects.
Common side effects may include:
Although it is uncommon, canker sore medications can also induce life-threatening allergic reactions.
Trouble breathing, hives, and swelling of the face or neck are all symptoms of allergic responses associated with these medications.
If you think you have an allergic reaction to your canker sore medication, you should immediately seek medical attention.
This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. The best way to learn more about the potential side effects of canker sore medications is to speak with your oral healthcare professional.
Here are some home remedies to help heal canker sores fast:4
- Rinse your mouth with a mixture of salt, baking soda, and water
- Apply milk of magnesia on the sore5
- Place ice on the sores
- Apply some damp tea bags on the sores
- Use natural remedies such as myrrh, chamomile tea, or echinacea
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Mouth And Lip Sores In Toddlers And Babies
Most of the causes of mouth sores in baby areas we have discussed. One of the possible ways that young babies and toddlers end up with sores on their lips is through infection at birth from infected mothers, kissing their lips or touching the lips with contaminated hands frequently.
Causes of in toddlers include herpes simplex, canker sores, syphilis, gingivostomatitis and ulcerative colitis.
Symptoms shown by young babies and children may vary in accordance with the causes. These comprise:
- Swelling on the affected area
How To Manage Aphthous Or Canker Sores
These ulcers have no known cure hence, relying on general measures is a good way to go.
- Individuals with occasional recurring episodes can use pastes that form a barrier over the ulcer as a protective layer against irritants
- Local anesthetics Benzocaine or Lignocaine to reduce pain
- Medicated toothpaste without Sodium Laureth Sulfate
- Medical procedures such as cauterization can also be of help
- Limited or controlled use of antibacterial mouthwashes to keep bad bacteria at bay
- Keep off any trigger be it food or medicines. Patients must do so when they have adequately consulted a medic
- Dietary supplements of vitamins or minerals. Again, this should be a clinic approach
Even though, aphthous stomatitis is a recurrent problem, this presentation is not a threat in terms of being infectious. Therefore, if you have aphthous stomatitis, you cannot spread to healthy individuals.
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Treatment For Cold Sores
You can treat cold sores on lips at home or get medicines over the counter or prescription medicines from a qualified physician. Keep in mind that most treatments help relieve symptoms.
Non-prescription treatments include Anbesol and Zilactin ointments. Painkillers such as Ibuprofen may be prescribed in case you experience fever.
Vaccines are given important so as to prevent or reduce future recurrence.
IMPORTANT: For underage children always consult your healthcare provider before using any medicines or products.
Read on for remedies for cold cores.
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Are There Home Remedies For Mouth Ulcers
There are also several things you can do at home to relieve discomfort associated with oral lesions. Here are some tips for healing a mouth ulcer:
- Use over-the-counter topical anesthetic, such as Orajel or Anbesol®.
- Drink plenty of water.
- Practice good oral hygiene to keep your mouth as clean as possible.
- Rinse your mouth with warm saltwater a few times each day.
- Avoid hot and spicy foods until the ulcer heals.
How Are Canker Sores Treated
Most canker sores will heal on their own in a few days to a couple of weeks. While you’re waiting for them to disappear, you can take an over-the-counter pain reliever like ibuprofen or acetaminophen for the pain.
You’ll also want to watch what you eat. Spicy foods and acidic foods such as lemons or tomatoes can be extremely painful on these open wounds. Stay away from hard, scratchy, or crunchy foods like nuts, toast, pretzels, or potato chips for a while. They can poke or rub the sore.
Be careful when you brush your teeth. Brush and rinse with toothpastes and mouthwashes that don’t contain SLS. And avoid brushing the sore itself with a toothbrush, which will make it worse.
If you have canker sores that do not get better after a few weeks, if the sores keep coming back, or if they make you feel so sick that you don’t want to eat, call your doctor or dentist. He or she may prescribe a topical medicine or special mouthwash to help heal the sores.
For medicines that are applied directly to the sore, first blot the area dry with a tissue. Use a cotton swab to apply a small amount of the medicine, and don’t eat or drink for at least 30 minutes to make sure it isn’t washed away.
They can certainly be a pain, but in most cases canker sores aren’t serious and should go away on their own.
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Treatment Of Mouth Sores And Pain
Dental checkups before treatment, and especially before head and neck radiation therapy, can help prevent and minimize mouth sores. Dentists can help show you how to care for your mouth and can treat cavities or oral infections before cancer treatment starts. It’s important to talk to your cancer care team about the best treatment for your situation. Although more research is needed to find the best treatment plan to manage mouth sores and pain, some options might include good mouth care and mouth rinses, reducing treatment doses, cryotherapy, or laser therapy.
What Are The Symptoms Of Canker Sores
Common canker sore symptoms include:
- One or more painful sores inside of your mouth. These ulcers may form on your tongue, the inside of your lips, your inner cheeks or the roof of your mouth.
- Burning or tingling sensations.
- Small, round ulcers that are white, gray or yellow with a red border.
In severe cases, you may also experience:
Canker sores may also be linked to nutritional deficiencies in vitamin B-12, zinc, folic acid or iron.
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How Do You Heal A Sore In Your Mouth
Your healthcare provider may prescribe medication to ease your symptoms. Mouth sore treatments may include:
Additionally, there are things you can do at home to reduce discomfort:
- Rinse with warm saltwater a few times each day.
- Take over-the-counter pain relievers, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen .
- Avoid squeezing the sores.
- Dont smoke or use any other tobacco products.
What Surgeries Treat Oral Cancer
The most common surgeries for oral cancer are:
- Primary tumor surgery: Healthcare providers remove tumors through your mouth or an incision in your neck.
- Glossectomy: This is the partial or total removal of your tongue.
- Mandibulectomy: This is surgery for oral cancer in your jawbone.
- Maxillectomy: This surgery removes part or all of the hard palate, which is the bony roof of your mouth.
- Sentinel lymph node biopsy: This test helps healthcare providers know if cancer has spread beyond the original oral cancer.
- Neck dissection: This surgery is done to remove lymph nodes from your neck.
- Reconstruction: Surgery that removes large areas of tissue might be followed by reconstructive surgery to fill gaps left by the tumor or replace part of your lips, tongue, palate or jaw. In some cases, reconstructive surgery is done by taking healthy bone and tissue from other areas of your body.
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Are Mouth Ulcers Cancerous
Mouth cancer and mouth ulcers are distinctive in their symptoms. However, as mentioned earlier, new or persistent ulcers require checking.
There are some fundamental differences between mouth ulcers and what might be cancer:
- Mouth ulcers are often painful whereas mouth cancer is not.
- Mouth ulcers will clear up in about 2 weeks, whereas mouth cancer will not go away and will often spread.
- Mouth cancer patches may be rough, hard, and not easy to scrape off.
- Mouth cancer is often a mix of red and white areas or large white areas that appear on the tongue, the back of the mouth, the gums, or on the cheeks.
- Mouth cancer is often linked to heavy drinking or tobacco use.
What Can I Expect If I Have Oral Cancer
Oral cancer includes cancer in your mouth. Like most forms of cancer, early diagnosis and treatment improve the chance that oral cancer will spread. Approximately 1/3 of people treated for oral cancer develop new a cancer. If youve been treated for oral cancer, talk to your healthcare provider about follow-up examinations.
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Causes And Risk Factors Of Mouth Lesions
Sores on the tongue or inside the mouth may also be caused or exacerbated by other infections, inflammation, stress, or, very rarely, cancer. If the sore is deep, or if it gets irritated or infected, it may also bleed.
Some mouth sores and lesions may have more obvious causes, such as sharp or broken teeth or braces with protruding wires.
Gritting or gnashing your teeth, especially while sleeping, can cause tiny bites on the inside of your cheeks. Gum disease and inflammation can also cause bleeding in and around the gumline.
Biting your tongue or chewing your lips can cause pain, swelling, and even small cuts. Drinking hot liquids, smoking cigarettes and cigars, and consuming alcoholic beverages can also lead to mouth lesions, as can brushing or flossing too vigorously or using a hard toothbrush.
Cold sores, because theyre a form of herpes, are transmitted by oral-to-oral contact and through saliva, which means you can develop them through kissing or by sharing utensils with someone who has a cold sore. This type of herpes virus can also be transmitted to the genitals through oral-genital contact and cause genital herpes.
While cold sores are caused by a virus, the exact cause of canker sores is unknown. But there are several things that can trigger an outbreak. These include food allergies, stress, hormonal changes, vitamin deficiencies, or even spicy foods. Acidic fruits and vegetables may also trigger canker sores.
How Are Mouth Ulcers Diagnosed
A mouth ulcer is diagnosed through a simplevisual exam. However, further tests may be needed if you have other worrisome symptoms.
If your oral health expert is unable to identify the origin of your mouth ulcers, or if the ulcers do not respond to standard treatments, you may need a biopsy of the ulcer and some surrounding tissue.
A biopsy is a process that involves the removal of a tissue sample for examination and diagnosis.
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Why Do Mouth Ulcers Occur
There is no definite cause for the appearance of mouth ulcers, however, there are a number of factors that can provoke mucosal damage. These include:
- Minor oral injuries from dental visits, harsh brushing, sports grass, or accidental bites
- Use of dental trauma or mouth rinses containing sodium lauryl sulfate
- Sensitivity to foods with high acidity pineapples, strawberries, citrus fruits, as well as chocolate and coffee
- Deficiency of vitamins, especially such as B12, zinc, folic acid, and iron
- An allergic reaction to bacteria in the mouth
- Bacterial, viral, and fungal infections.
What To Expect At Your Office Visit
The provider will examine you, and closely check your mouth and tongue. You will be asked questions about your medical history and symptoms.
Treatment may include:
- A medicine that numbs the area such as lidocaine to ease pain.
- An antiviral medicine to treat herpes sores.
- Steroid gel that you put on the sore.
- A paste that reduces swelling or inflammation .
- A special type of mouthwash such as chlorhexidine gluconate .
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Cold Sores On Lips Vs Angular Cheilitis
These two are:
Cold sores or herpes labialis
What causes cold sores or fever blisters? They are caused mainly by the herpes simplex virus type 1 .
Symptoms of HSV-1 on lips usually start with a burning, itchiness and tingling or tautness on lips or around the mouth. Due to irritation, the area is likely to turn red and small blister or tiny clusters of blisters that itch.
How long do cold sores last? They usually heal after a period of 2 to 3 weeks from infection time or when transmission of the HSV -1 virus occurs.
The symptoms will tend to vary with each stage of herpes simplex on lips. For instance, if individuals show the early signs of fever blisters during the first episode, they usually develop fever or illness depending on how severe the infection is.
If you have recurring fever blisters or cold sore symptoms, the following may be responsible for the activation of the virus after initial breakouts on your lips or face.
- Medical conditions like anemia, and Down syndrome
- Overactive salivary glands or if your mouth holds a lot of saliva
However, angular cheilitis is not a symptom of HIV since it is due to the compromised immune system that puts one at risk of it. Angular cheilitis can also last for days or possibly years.
Angular cheilitis symptoms
Like cold sores on lips, AC can also be symptomized by blistering, redness and swelling on the mouth corners.
However, angular cheilitis may have the following other main symptoms/signs like bleeding, scaling and crusting.