What Causes Stomach Ulcers
Stomach ulcers occur when the layer that protects the stomach lining from stomach acid breaks down, which allows the stomach lining to become damaged.
This is usually a result of:
- an infection with Helicobacter pylori bacteria
- taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs , such as ibuprofen or aspirin particularly if theyre taken for a long time or at high doses
It used to be thought that stress or certain foods might cause stomach ulcers, but theres little evidence to suggest this is the case.
Read more about the causes of stomach ulcers.
Treating The Underlying Cause
If there is an underlying cause of your dogs acid reflux that can be treated, your vet will likely tend to this issue.
For example, if your dog with a hiatal hernia is regurgitating after each meal, then it is clear that the hernia will need to be addressed for them to find relief.
Every case is different, so we always suggest following your vets guidance.
Recipes For Peptic Ulcer Diet
For breakfast, you can eat whole-grain steel-cut oats with fruit and soy milk. Lunch can consist of a vegetable omelet with a green lettuce salad and mashed potatoes. For dinner, you can have fish like herring or salmon, with a salad on the side. Below are two recipes you can easily put together to start eating for your peptic ulcer.
Recommended Reading: Over The Counter Ulcer Medication
Eating To Fight Peptic Ulcers
People used to say stomach ulcers were caused by too much stress or spicy food, and the best thing to do when the pain flared up was to drink a nice big glass of milk. It turns out everything about that statement was wrong.
What they are
A peptic ulcer is an open sore that develops on the inside lining of the stomach and the upper portion of the small intestine. They typically cause burning stomach pain, especially when the stomach is empty. They also may cause bloating, belching, heartburn, nausea, or intolerance to fatty foods. Occasionally, ulcers can cause severe symptoms, like blood in vomit or stools, or trouble breathing, and can lead to gastric cancer.
Since 1982, when scientists discovered that many peptic ulcers are caused by a bacterium called H. pylori, antibiotics, along with medicines that decrease stomach acid, have been the main treatment. Ulcers also can be caused by over-the-counter pain medications, including aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen sodium , but not acetaminophen . Smoking and stress can make ulcers worse.
What to eat
What may help
For ulcers caused by H. pylori, a 2015 review in the journal Nutrition Research explored which foods help, and which dont. The following foods and extracts are the most promising choices to help fight H. pylori:
Probiotics in yogurt, the fermented milk product kefir, and commercial probiotic products may help standard therapy work better and could lessen treatment side effects .
What may not help
Peptic Ulcer Diet And Recipes
Written byMohan GarikiparithiPublished onSeptember 16, 2016
Peptic ulcer is an open sore in the lining of the stomach, lower esophagus, or small intestine, typically resulting from inflammation caused by bacteria or erosion caused by stomach acid.
There are three types of peptic ulcers gastric, esophageal, and duodenal describing where the ulcer is located, whether that is in the stomach, esophagus, or small intestine.
Many people believe that consuming high amounts of spicy foods can lead to peptic ulcers, but this is merely a myth. Stress does not lead to peptic ulcers either.
Lets look at a peptic ulcer diet, including foods you should eat and foods you should avoid, along with easy recipes to help you kick-start your new eating regimen.
You May Like: Causes Of Bleeding Ulcers In Stomach
What Foods Can Ulcer Sufferers Eat
I have a family member suffering from an ulcer.
She is trying to control it with her diet and asked me for advice, so of course, I researched this painful, debilitating infection.
Discovering much conflicting and contradictory information, I finally found some consistent information.
Yes, an ulcer is an infection however, there are 3 major types of ulcers
All are basically born from an infection called Helicobacter Pylori or commonly referred to as H. Pylori.
What Foods Should Not Be On The Table Of A Stomach Ulcer Patient
Diet therapy is an important link in the prevention and treatment of gastric ulcers. Gastric ulcers should choose foods that are easy to digest and contain enough calories, protein and vitamins, such as porridge, noodles, milk, soft rice, soy milk, eggs, lean meat, tofu and soy products, fresh vegetables and fruits, but those with obvious gastric acid reflux Flow should try not to drink milk.Will eating acidic foods aggravate stomach ulcers
Avoid fried foods and celery, leeks, sprouts, ham, bacon, dried fish and various whole grains that contain more crude fiber. Because these foods are not only rough and difficult to digest, but also cause a large amount of gastric juice secretion, which increases the burden and condition of the stomach. It is forbidden to eat foods that stimulate gastric acid secretion, such as broth, raw onions, raw garlic, concentrated juice, coffee, wine, strong tea, etc., as well as foods that are too sweet, sour, salty, overheated, cold, and hard.
Sweet and spicy food will increase gastric acid secretion, irritate the ulcer surface and aggravate the condition overheated food will irritate the ulcer surface, causing pain and even bleeding too cold and hard food will be difficult to digest and aggravate the condition. In addition, because the nicotine in tobacco can change the pH value of gastric juice and aggravate the condition of gastric ulcer, patients with gastric ulcer should quit smoking.
Read Also: How To Relieve A Stomach Ulcer
Which Foods Can I Eat And Drink
Eat a variety of healthy foods from all the food groups. Eat fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fat-free or low-fat dairy foods. Whole grains include whole-wheat breads, cereals, pasta, and brown rice. Choose lean meats, poultry , fish, beans, eggs, and nuts. A healthy meal plan is low in unhealthy fats, salt, and added sugar. Healthy fats include olive oil and canola oil. Ask your dietitian for more information about a healthy meal plan.
Stomach Ulcers: Which Foods To Eat And Avoid
Stomach ulcers are sores that develop in the protective stomach lining. This type of peptic ulcer disease affects both the small intestines and stomach. Stomach ulcers occur when the thick protective mucus that protects the stomach becomes ineffective or reduced. They affect people from a young age, but they are common in people over 60 years old, more so men.
The most common cause of stomach ulcers is the infection of Helicobacter pylori . Another cause is excessive use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs medicines .
To cure stomach ulcers, you will need a combination of medications, including antibiotics. However, current research suggests that eating certain foods can reduce the symptoms or get rid of ulcers.
Keep reading to know the best diet for stomach ulcers and which foods to avoid.
Don’t Miss: What To Do For Ulcerative Colitis Flare Up
Thank You For Reading Nationafrica
Ulcers are sores that form on the stomach or small intestine lining. They form when there is too much acid in the stomach. This can be caused by:
- burning feeling in the stomach between meals or at night
- Pain in the upper abdomen
If you have any of these symptoms, see your doctor.
Besides medication, a healthy, effective diet to alleviate the pain comes in handy.
What Foods And Beverages Should Be Avoided Or Limited
It is best to avoid any spicy, acidic or high-fat foods. It is suggested that you learn to identify what foods have the worst impact on your peptic ulcer symptoms, everyone is affected by food differently. The foods to avoid pertain to the ones that result in the over-production of stomach acid which can interfere with the healing of the ulcer and irritate the lining of the digestive tract.
The following foods may aggravate the symptoms of an ulcer:
- Chocolate milk and full-fat milk
- Hot chocolate
- Dairy foods that have been made from cream or full-fat milk
- Strongly flavoured or spicy cheeses that contain black pepper or jalapenos
- High-fat meats that are highly seasoned such as ham, cold cuts, bacon and sausage
- Peppers and chillies
- Sugar highly refined sugars found in foods create a harsh environment in the stomach as they are difficult to digest
- Tomatoes – any tomato products such as tomato paste, tomato sauce or tomato juice
- Highly processed carbs such as white bread, cakes, cookies and doughnuts.
- Fried foods such as French fries, potato chips, onion rings.
- Red meat This contains a high amount of protein and takes a longer time to digest, therefore resulting in more stomach acid. Red meat also contains more fat than white meat, this also requires more stomach acid for digestion.
- Chewing gum This causes a build-up of stomach acid as the body detects the saliva in the mouth and chewing as actual food and prepares itself to digest it.
Don’t Miss: What Can I Take For Ulcerative Colitis Pain
Dietary Fibre & Vitamin A
Research shows that a high fibre diet decreases the risk of developing ulcer disease. Although both insoluble and soluble fibres demonstrate this association, there is a stronger association between diets high in soluble fibre and a decreased risk for developing ulcers.
Foods that are high in soluble fibre include oats, psyllium husk, legumes, flax seeds, barley, nuts, and certain vegetables and fruits, such as oranges, apples, and carrots.
Findings from a prospective cohort study that included 47,806 men, showed that a diet rich in vitamin A from all sources might reduce the development of duodenal ulcer, as might diets high in fruits and vegetables, possibly due to their fibre content.2 A prospective cohort study follows, over time, a group of similar individuals who differ with respect to certain factors under study, to determine how these factors affect rates of a certain outcome however, more research is necessary to verify results because there are so many other factors involved with this type of study that could confound the data.
Animal studies demonstrate that vitamin A increases the production of mucus in the gastrointestinal tract. Impaired mucosal defense can allow ulcers to develop. Therefore, vitamin A may have a protective effect against the development of ulcer disease.3
Good sources of vitamin A include liver, carrots, broccoli, sweet potatoes, kale, spinach, and collard greens.
What Are The Best Foods To Eat With A Stomach Ulcer
Stomach ulcers, also known as gastric ulcers, are fairly common. The majority of people with stomach ulcers do not experience any symptoms, but some may experience pain, nausea, diarrhoea, or bloating.
Current research into stomach ulcer diets is based on evidence that suggests that Helicobacter pylori infection plays a role in the formation of stomach ulcers.
Stomach ulcers usually require a combination of medications, including antibiotics. However, there is growing evidence to suggest that eating certain foods can also help get rid of stomach ulcers or, at least, reduce the symptoms they cause.
Keep reading to learn more about the best diet for stomach ulcers, including which foods to eat and avoid.
As well as taking any prescription medications, a person could try including the following food types in their diet:
You May Like: Why Do I Have Ulcerative Colitis
Nutrients Essential In Management Of Peptic Ulcers
Zinc is an essential micronutrient which hastens the healing of ulcers. It also improves immunity against H.pylori infection which is one of the causative factors of peptic ulcers. Good immunity resists the bacteria to multiply & damage the lining causing ulcers. Zinc is also found to promote the growth of new cells in the stomach lining.
Selenium in conjunction with zinc helps in building immunity to prevent recurrence of as well as heal the ulcers.
Antioxidants such as vitamin A help in building new cells in place of the damaged cells. They along with flavonoids also help in protecting against oxidative stress developed in the digestive system as a result of the inflammation induced by the ulcers. The flavonoids also help in inhibiting the spread of H.pylori.
Adequate fibre intake, both soluble as well as insoluble fiber, in the diet has found to decrease the risk of occurrence of peptic ulcers. Conversely, inadequate fiber intake through the diet has shown to increase incidence of ulcers. Fibre helps to dilute the bile & gastric secretions which may aggravate the ulcer symptoms, if they are more concentrated in the gut.
Probiotics, which contain healthy strains of lactobacillus bacteria, prevents the growth & proliferation of harmful bacteria like H.pylori, responsible for causing ulcers. They also protect the stomach lining from damage.
Living With Peptic Ulcer Disease
Most ulcers heal within about 8 weeks. Peptic ulcers come and go. You have to do what you can to reduce your risk. If you smoke or chew tobacco, ask your doctor about how to quit. Eat a well-balanced diet. Avoid foods that cause discomfort. These include alcohol, coffee, caffeinated soda, fatty foods, chocolate, and spicy foods. Avoid eating late at night. Talk to your doctor about alternatives to NSAIDs. Take all medicines with plenty of water.
Read Also: Ulcerative Colitis Abdominal Pain Relief
Antacids Versus Nutrients Bioavailability
Deficiency of vitamin B12 is common in patients with peptic ulcer due tothe prolonged use of antacids, making difficult the bioavailability of this vitamin.Vitamin B12 can be synthetized by the intestinal microbiota in the colon,but is not absorbed. Deficiency of this vitamin causes impaired cell division andmegaloblastic anemia. It is estimated that 80-90% of patients lacking vitaminB12 develop neurological alterations, if not treated. As a result, recommendation is for2.4 µg/day of this vitamin, which can be obtained from animal foods, such asmilk, meat and eggs.
Absorption of folic acid can be impaired in subjects that make chronic use ofaluminum-based antacids ,because antacids make the pH of the jejunum more alkaline. In these cases, intake of 400 µg/day of thisvitamin is necessary, which can be supplied with ingestion of leguminous foods, suchas lentils, and meats. It is important to emphasize that the reduction of the gastricacidity by antacids or antiulcers alters proteins digestion and affects good digestion offoods.
Antacids can also diminish absorption of iron, causing iron-deficiency anemia.Gastrointestinal bleeding can be observed in gastroduodenal ulcer and infection byH. pylori andmay be associated with the development of anemia. Gastric bleeding is a majorcomplication of peptic ulcer.
Assess Your Individual Tolerance
No evidence suggests that spicy or citrus foods affect ulcer disease, although some individuals do report worsening of symptoms after eating these types of foods. It is important to find out what works for you. If you notice that your symptoms get worse after eating certain foods, then limit or avoid them so you can feel your best, making sure that you dont eliminate an entire food group.
Don’t Miss: Foods Bad For Ulcerative Colitis
Cabbage Can Help Prevent Ulcers
Scientists think that it may be the amino acid glutamine that gives cabbage its anti-ulcer punch. Glutamine helps to fortify the mucosal lining of the gut and to improve blood flow to the stomach, meaning it not only helps prevent ulcers but can also speed healing of existing sores.
Recommended dose: Eat two cups of raw cabbage daily. Add it to salads, coleslaw, and wraps. You can also drink raw cabbage juice, sold in health food stores. Drink a quart a day for three weeks ifyou can stand it!
Donât Miss: What To Drink With Stomach Ulcer
What Foods Should You Eat And Avoid If You Have Stomach Ulcers
Deciding what to eat is difficult enough as it is. Imagine how much more difficult it would be if you had a stomach condition that prevents you from eating the foods you like!For those of you who have stomach ulcers, choosing what foods to eat can be tricky. We totally get you. So we came up with a list of foods that can serve as your guide on what you should eat and avoid if youre suffering from stomach ulcers.
Recommended Reading: Marshmallow Root For Ulcerative Colitis
Nutritional Assessment On Peptic Ulcer
It aims to identify possible nutritional alterations and determine properintervention to ensure the individuals’ health. Malnutrition in this case may occurespecially when there is stenosis, which prevents normal ingestion of foods.
For nutritional assessment, some important indicators are used in this process, suchas the anthropometric, biochemical, and clinical evaluations. The anthropometricassessment consists of weight and height measurements that may be used in conjunctionin the assessment of the nutritional status by means of BMI , butthis method does not distinguishes losses of fat or lean mass. In addition, weightmay be concealed by hyper-hydration or de-hydration, thus not resulting in anaccurate determination of the nutritional status in these specific cases.
Total body bioelectrical impedance is a method used to measure the body mass, liquidvolume, and body fat, being recognized by the Brazilian Ministry of Health and theFood and a Food and Drug Administration as a valuable technique for thispurpose. Indirectcalorimetry is a non-invasive method to determine the nutritional needs and theutilization rate of energy substrates from oxygen consumption and carbon dioxideproduction obtained by analysis of the inhaled and exhaled air by the lungs.
List Of Foods To Eat When You Have H Pylori
Are you looking for ulcer diet recommendations? Before incorporating new foods into your diet, get tested for Helicobacter pylori . More than half of all people carry this bacteria that causes peptic ulcers and chronic gastritis. Itâs the most common infection worldwide, contributing to many diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Video of the Day
Fruits, vegetables, honey, tea and probiotic foods, such as yogurt and kefir, may help eradicate H. pylori infection and prevent complications.
Make sure you also eat plenty of nuts, fatty fish and olive oil, which are loaded with omega-3s. These healthy fats inhibit bacteria growth and support digestive function.
Read Also: How To Calm An Ulcer Attack