Treatments For Stomach Pain
Treatments for stomach pain will depend completely on the cause and diagnosis. Non-serious causes like acid reflux or overeating can be relieved with over-the-counter antacids, while gas pains and cramping can be relieved by either belching, passing gas, and getting rest.
More serious causes will need to receive recommendations from your doctor. They might prescribe a change in diet or lifestyle, additional medications, physical therapy, or surgery, as needed.
What Are The Complications Of Peptic Ulcers
Ulcers can cause serious problems if you dont get treatment.
The most common problems include:
- Bleeding. As an ulcer wears away the muscles of the stomach or duodenal wall, blood vessels may be hurt. This causes bleeding.
- Hole . Sometimes an ulcer makes a hole in the wall of your stomach or duodenum. When this happens, bacteria and partly digested food can get in. This causes infection and redness or swelling .
- Narrowing and blockage . Ulcers that are found where the duodenum joins the stomach can cause swelling and scarring. This can narrow or even block the opening to the duodenum. Food cant leave your stomach and go into your small intestine. This causes vomiting. You cant eat properly.
Stomach Ulcers Are Open Sores In The Stomach Tissue
Stomach ulcers, otherwise also referred to as gastric ulcers or peptic ulcers, are open sores that develop on the innermost lining of the stomach tissue.
Peptic ulcer disease can be classically defined as a break in the continuity of the mucosal layer of the stomach or duodenum.
This can be due to an imbalance between the protective gastric factors such as prostaglandins, mucus, bicarbonate, and mucosal blood flow, and the aggressive gastric factors such as gastric acid, pepsin, Helicobacter pylori infection, and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug use.
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Leg Ulcers: How To Relieve The Pain At Home
Patients most often present with either of the two main types of leg ulcers: venous or arterial. Less frequently, people suffering from diabetes can develop neuropathic ulcers as a result of unstable blood sugar.
Most often associated with varicose veins, venous ulcers make up the lionâs share of leg ulcers with 85% of diagnoses. These ulcers take a long time to heal, and it is a painful process. Worse still, 75% of these painful ulcers will reoccur. Home treatment and surgical intervention can help ease the pain associated with these types of wounds.
Avoid Trigger Foods Before Bed
Its important to avoid foods that may aggravate your stomach ulcer and cause pain especially before bed in order to limit the disruption of your sleep.
Your doctor or nutritionist is likely to provide you with a list of food items that can relieve or exacerbate the symptoms of your ulcerous disease.
For example, it is often suggested that patients with gastric ulcers must try to avoid the consumption of certain foods that are known to aggravate acid reflux or indigestion such as spicy food dishes containing spices like cayenne and tabasco.
It has been noted that spicy foods are likely to boost your metabolism due to their active ingredient, capsaicin, and this metabolism-boosting property can trigger heartburn in some people.
Spices are also thermogenic because they have the capacity to increase the basal temperature of the body which in turn can make you feel more awake.
Since each individual responds differently to different food items, it can sometimes be challenging to identify which foods may trigger your symptoms so its recommended that you maintain a food diary and take regular notes of your meals, drinks, and snacks.
You can share the notes of your food diary on a weekly basis with a qualified nutritionist and it will surely assist you in managing your symptoms.
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How Are Peptic Ulcers Diagnosed
Your healthcare provider will look at your past health and give you a physical exam. You may also have some tests.
Imaging tests used to diagnose ulcers include:
- Upper GI series or barium swallow. This test looks at the organs of the top part of your digestive system. It checks your food pipe , stomach, and the first part of the small intestine . You will swallow a metallic fluid called barium. Barium coats the organs so that they can be seen on an X-ray.
- Upper endoscopy or EGD . This test looks at the lining of your esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. It uses a thin lighted tube called an endoscope. The tube has a camera at one end. The tube is put into your mouth and throat. Then it goes into your esophagus, stomach, and duodenum. Your health care provider can see the inside of these organs. A small tissue sample can be taken. This can be checked for H. pylori.
You may also have the following lab tests to see if you have an H. pylori infection:
What Questions Should I Ask My Doctor
If you have stomach ulcers, you may want to ask your doctor:
- What pain reliever can I use instead of an NSAID?
- How will I know if the H. pylori infection is gone?
- How do we find out if the ulcer has healed?
- What can I do relieve symptoms at home during treatment?
A note from Cleveland Clinic
Contrary to commonly held beliefs, ulcers arent caused by stress or foods you eat. Most of time, bacteria causes them. Doctors can treat the bacteria with antibiotics and other medications.
If youve been popping a lot of antacids lately, youre constantly snacking to get rid of a gnawing pain in your stomach or you have any other signs of an ulcer, the best thing you can do for your health is talk to your provider. Treatment can heal an ulcer in a matter of weeks.
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Will Surgery Cure A Peptic Ulcer
Medical therapy works in most people with peptic ulcers. Sometimes, medical therapy does not work, or a person can’t take the therapy for some reason. Surgery is an alternative to medical therapy for these people.
Surgical operations often used in peptic ulcers include the following:
- Vagotomy: Cutting the vagus nerve, which transmits messages from the brain to the stomach, can reduce acid secretion. However, this can also interfere with other functions of the stomach. A newer operation cuts only the part of the nerve that affects acid secretion.
- Antrectomy: This is often done in conjunction with a vagotomy. It involves removing the lower part of the stomach . This part of the stomach produces a hormone that increases production of stomach acid. Adjacent parts of the stomach may also be removed.
- Pyloroplasty: This procedure also is sometimes done with vagotomy. It enlarges the opening between the stomach and duodenum to encourage passage of partially digested food. Once the food has passed, acid production normally stops.
- Tying off an artery: If bleeding is a problem, cutting off the blood supply to the ulcer can stop the bleeding.
What Are Peptic Ulcers And How Are They Caused
Duodenal ulcers are common in the middle-aged and in men, whereas stomach ulcers are common in the elderly and in women.1
Peptic ulcers are open sores that develop in the lining of the esophagus, stomach, or duodenum when the protective mucus overlaying this lining is eroded.
The acid-resistant gut mucosa can be compromised because of:
- An H. Pylori bacterial infection2: This infection disrupts the integrity of the muscosal lining.
- Long-term use of NSAIDs 3: NSAIDS include common OTC drugs like aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen.
- Zollinger-Ellison syndrome4: In this condition,abnormal gastrin secretion by tumors in the duodenum or pancreas cause stomach acids to be produced in excess of the normal. High concentrations of acid become too overbearing for the mucosal layer to counteract.
Whatever the reason for erosion of mucus, it leaves the stomach and duodenal lining exposed, vulnerable, and at the mercy of strong stomach acids.
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Relieving Ulcer Pain With Medical Treatments
Reduce Your Stress To Help Your Ulcer Symptoms
Stress, like spicy foods, is frequently blamed unjustly for causing stomach ulcers. While stress isnt the actual cause of ulcer pain, it can certainly make it worse. Stress can also cause unhealthy coping behaviours such as smoking, excessive drinking, or eating unhealthy comfort foods, which can aggravate ulcer pain. Formalized paraphraseLook for healthy stress-relieving activities such as light exercise, meditation or prayer, yoga or tai chi, deep breathing, mindfulness techniques, being outside, or talking to a good friend.
If youre having trouble dealing with stress, talk to your doctor or a mental health professional.
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When Should I Call The Doctor
- sudden, sharp, lasting belly pain
- bloody or black bowel movements
- bloody vomit or vomit that looks like coffee grounds
These could be signs of a serious problem for a child whos had a peptic ulcer, such as:
If your child takes NSAIDs and shows signs of a peptic ulcer, get medical help right away. Delaying diagnosis and treatment can lead to more problems and, possibly, the need for surgery. But with quick treatment, almost all peptic ulcers can be cured.
What Are The Symptoms Of Venous Ulcers
A patient suffering from a venous ulcer will usually experience a swollen leg, often accompanied by a burning feeling around the sore. Signs and symptoms of venous ulcers include:
- The leg has a feeling of heaviness and cramping.
- The area of the venous ulcer turns a dark red, purple, or brown, and there is hardened skin .
- The sore is shallow with a red base, sometimes covered by yellow tissue.
- The venous ulcer has unevenly shaped borders.
- The skin surrounding the sore may be shiny, tight, warm, or hot.
- If the sore becomes infected, it may have a bad odor, and pus may drain from the wound.
- There is general leg pain.
A typical complication associated with venous ulcers is an infection of the affected tissue. Typically, the ulcer itself is relatively painless. Any pain that occurs is a result of an infection or from swelling . In some cases, the entire leg will become swollen, making the skin more firm and reddish-brown in color.
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Complications Of Charcot Foot
Your bones might break and move out of place as they become weaker. When this happens:
- Your foot may lose its shape. The arch in your foot may fall until the bones are lower than your heel or toes. This is known as rocker bottom by doctors.
- Your toes may curl.
- Your ankle might become twisted and unsteady.
- Bones may press against your shoes. Its important to keep your diabetic foot properly moisturized. Sores can develop on your skin as a result of not doing so.
- Your circulation may be restricted, which makes it more difficult for infections to heal. If this persists for an extended period of time, you may require amputation of your foot.
Symptoms Of Stomach Ulcers
Although the most common symptom of a stomach ulcer is a burning or gnawing pain in the centre of the abdomen . Not all stomach ulcers are painful.
Some people experience:
Speak to your GP immediately if:
- your symptoms persist
- you’re vomiting blood the blood can appear bright red or have a dark brown, grainy appearance like coffee grounds
- you’re passing dark, sticky, tar-like stools
- you feel a sudden, sharp pain in your tummy that gets steadily worse
These could be a sign of a serious complication.
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Black Or Dark Colored Stool
If you think you may have an ulcer, a good way to tell is to look at your stool. If you notice that when you use the restroom your stool is extremely dark in color, or even black, chances are you are right about what is ailing you. If this is the case, you should absolutely go to the hospital immediately.
Diabetic Foot Pain Neuropathy
It is a diabetic complication that can lead to diabetic foot pain. This type of neuropathy occurs when the small nerves in your feet and legs are damaged by elevated glucose levels over time. Consequently, you may lose feeling or have poor sensation along with an inability to properly control leg movements.
In addition, tight muscles can pull on tendons and cause them to thicken, leading to diabetic foot pain. They may not be aware of the discomfort caused by their shoes. This lack of feeling might lead to more injuries, sores, and blisters.
If left uncontrolled, diabetic neuropathy can lead to serious injuries and infections that may require amputation of your feet or legs.
Diabetic Neuropathies are the most common complication associated with diabetes If you experience diabetic foot pain it is important not to delay seeking treatment.
A person who does not get treatment for an infection can develop ulcers, as well as gangrene. If a person has gangrene, they might need to have a limb amputated. A doctor may suggest amputation if a person gets gangrene.
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Can Peptic Ulcer Disease Be Prevented Or Avoided
Stress and spicy foods dont cause ulcers. However, they can make them worse. Smoking and alcohol can cause a peptic ulcer. Men should limit alcohol to no more than 2 drinks per day. Women should have no more than 1 drink per day. Talk to your doctor if you take aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen regularly.
How Can I Prevent Ulcers
You may be able to prevent ulcers from forming if you:
- Talk to your doctor about alternatives to NSAID medications to relieve pain.
- Discuss protective measures with your doctor, if you cant stop taking an NSAID.
- Opt for the lowest effective dose of NSAID and take it with a meal.
- Quit smoking.
- Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all.
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Ulcer Pain Relief At Night With Medical Treatments
Antacids are one of common options to provide a quick relief for ulcer pain. They can help neutralize your stomach acid, making your pain subside quickly.
Theyre not used to replace other stomach ulcer medications such as proton pump inhibitors and histamine blockers, because they dont cure ulcers . But since PPIs or H-2 blockers dont start to work right away, antacids are often used to help relieve pain and other ulcer symptoms more quickly!
Thereare many choices of antacids, and some are also available without aprescription. These include calcium carbonate, magnesium hydroxide, sodiumbicarbonate, and aluminum hydroxide. You can take them in different ways chewable tablet, liquid, dissolving tablet, or chewing gum.
Its important to choose the right one! For example, dont use antacids containing high sodium if you have hypertension or heart problems. If youre not sure about your choice, ask your doctor for prescription! And make sure your doctor knows if youre planning for pregnancy, being pregnant, or breast feeding because some antacids could be too much of a risk for your baby.
Ifyou take antacids properly, there should be nothing to worry. Here are otherimportant things to remember :
Burning Pain In Your Abdomen
This may seem like a no-brainer but the most common sign that people experience when they have a stomach ulcer is a persistent burning pain in their abdomen. This sensation occurs when juices in the stomach used for digestion come into contact with the open sore. For the most part, the pain is felt from the breastbone to navel and is often worse at night than during the day. On the other hand, if you are someone who frequently skips meals, you may find that you experience this pain much throughout the daytime.
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Pain Management For Venous Ulcers
Venous ulcers are open skin sores that can affect any area of the body but most often occur on the legs. It is estimated that about 1% of Americans have venous ulcers. Theyre more common in older people, particularly women, and more likely to occur with people who have varicose veins. Other types of people who have an increased chance of getting a venous ulcer include:
- Those who have suffered previous leg injuries.
- Those who smoke.
- Those who are overweight or obese.
- Anyone with a circulation problem, such as blood clots or phlebitis .
Venous ulcers are sometimes called venous insufficiency ulcers, stasis leg ulcers, and venous leg ulcers.
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